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Online Testing Initiatives in North Carolina

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Online Testing Initiatives in North Carolina. Presenters: Randy Craven, Director for Information Technology, Technical Outreach for Public Schools (TOPS), NC State University Laura Kramer, Senior Psychometrician, Division of Accountability Services, NCDPI

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online testing initiatives in north carolina
Online Testing Initiatives in North Carolina


Randy Craven, Director for Information Technology, Technical Outreach for Public Schools (TOPS), NC State University

Laura Kramer, Senior Psychometrician, Division of Accountability Services, NCDPI

Scott Ragsdale, Project Manager, Online Test of Computer Skills+, Technical Outreach for Public Schools (TOPS), NC State University

Modern science has been a voyage into the unknown, with a lesson in humility waiting at every stop. Many passengers would rather have stayed home.

Carl Sagan

As North Carolina students prepare for the 21st century, the state’s accountability program is also looking to the future for new ways of assessing student achievement. This session will explore online testing and the use of authentic or performance tasks to assess student skills and knowledge. Specific topics include: Online Test of Computer Skills, Online End of Course Test of Physics, optional online EOC testing, procedural changes such as pre-registering using NCRegistration.
what initiatives
What Initiatives?
  • Online Test of Computer Skills
  • End-of-Course Online Physics Field Test
  • End-of-Course Tests (optional 06-07)
  • Writing Online Special Study
  • Online formative assessments (i.e., ClassScape)
  • Other online resourced assessments
    • NCCLAS
  • Other web applications supporting test development/maintenance:
    • Online Item Writing System
    • Experimental Section Review (ESR)
online assessments success
Online Assessments Success
  • The Online Test of Computer Skills was successful in its initial administration year of 2005-06 and continues to be successful this year.
  • NCCLAS online data collection was successful in 2005-06 and continues to work this year.
  • Online Physics Field Test was administered to over 3,700 students during the fall administration with no significant issues.
  • For 2006-07, NCEXTEND1 students have been matched to their assessors and have had their Decision Tree processes completed.
elements of online assessments
Elements of Online Assessments
  • More interactive
  • Navigation features – Section breaks
  • Test Simulations required to be available
  • Opportunity for increased test administration standardization
  • More data can be collected
  • Opportunity to expand the use of innovative items
    • Virtual/performance based items
    • Short and/or extended response
  • Quicker data processing and reporting
  • Opportunity for improvements in data accuracy
  • Reduction of materials management
  • Students have a positive attitude for online testing
elements of online assessments continued
Elements of Online Assessments (continued)
  • Technology issues
    • Internet aware applications (NCDesk)
      • Java version
    • Browser based (EOC & Physics)
      • Session State Cookies
      • Javascript
      • Flashpaper / Interactive Flash Items / Flash player
      • Versions
  • New management processes & systems
  • Security
  • Systems design
  • Systems maturation rate & flexibility
performance components
Performance Components
  • Online Test of Computer Skills
    • 50% multiple choice (within an online interface)
    • 50% performance (within an online interface with simplified applications)
  • Physics Online
    • Mostly multiple choice (within an online interface)
    • Small number of performance-based items using collections of variables
  • EOC Online
    • All multiple-choice (within a online interface having item views that match paper-pencil tests)
  • Online Writing Special Study
    • Single prompt with essay response
performance scoring models for online assessments
Performance Scoring Models for Online Assessments
  • Pattern matching – Student response compared to a pattern of expected valid response(s) to determine score
  • Variable set analysis – Variables returned are analyzed against a set of valid values to determine score
  • Writing
    • Automatic Mechanics analysis (spelling & grammar)
    • Artificial intelligence
    • Distributed human scoring
preservation of state
Preservation of State
  • Students expect responses to items to retain state as they move from one item to another and if they return to an item, it will be as they had left it before.
  • Preservation of state is not always easy since online assessment systems must be able to recover from disconnection.
  • At this time for the Online Test of Computer Skills and the EOC Online Tests we are able to manage state for all items except the item the student is currently working on.
problems opportunities
  • Rate of technology change
  • Window of opportunity for testing
  • Scheduling -- EOCs are given on one day
  • Having enough…
    • Bandwidth
    • Computers
    • Space
    • Time
managing things
Managing Things
  • NCRegistration
    • User Accounts
    • Student Registrations
    • Scheduling Sessions
    • Receiving Reports
  • Tagger
    • Student Registrations
educator administrator centric applications
Educator/Administrator Centric Applications

Not directly accessed by students being administered these assessments

    • Data Collection
    • Special Study Data Collection
    • Assessment Management
    • Task Delivery
    • Assessment Delivery
    • Data Collection
"There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home."

Ken Olson,

President, chairman and founder of Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), maker of business minicomputers, arguing against the PC in 1977.

online test of computer skills notable preliminary unofficial numbers from fall 2006
Online Test of Computer SkillsNotable Preliminary/Unofficial Numbers from Fall 2006
  • 205 students tested in one day at one school (for 05-06 this was 139)
  • 52 schools tested 100 or more students in one day (for 05-06 this was 7)
  • 5,068 maximum testing sessions used in a single day (for 05-06 this was 3,063)
  • 23 days of testing in which volume of used sessions was 3,000 or more
  • ~133,980 total students tested
  • ~106,035 8th grade students tested
  • ~2,228 different test administrators with 52 logging in 300 or more students
  • ~3,446 students had the Computer Reads Aloud option
online computer skills items for spring 2007
Online Computer SkillsItems for Spring 2007
  • NCRegistration SIQ Rollover available on 2/5/07
  • NCRegistration session scheduling open on 2/5/07
  • After first week embargo for analysis, then scoring continues overnight with reporting next day
  • Window 3/12 – 6/8
  • LIR (last in reported) Student Results - NCRegistration ISR and Labels output not additive – new testing results in the same subject (computer skills) replace results from earlier window (fall).
  • NCRegistration CSV Score Report = current window activity only
  • JAWS compatibility not tested/approved – also newer versions of JAWS released since last tested
ncdesk moving forward
NCDesk Moving Forward
  • Adjustments for accommodating delivery of Writing assessments online
    • Assessment selection on login page
    • Programmatically remove spell check functions
    • Programmatically remove image insertion functions
    • Other features deemed necessary
  • Additional features for testing audio functionality
  • Additional features for viewing correct responses for the Test Simulation possible
Computer Skills (1998 Curriculum Test Edition 2)(precursor to Online Computer Skills)Moving Forward (Next Year) Proposals
  • Should have far reduced participation for next year (only 11th and 12th graders not meeting the standard will be eligible)
  • Propose to change the window to match the online windows
  • Whole schools completed would be eligible to be shipped to TOPS for scoring
  • First-come-first-serve scoring except for last month senior materials.
  • Last month seniors scored and reported ASAP
  • School reporting as scoring completes for entire school.
  • Reporting on an as finished basis, with a goal of 10 working days from receipt at TOPS
“It worked.”

J. Robert Oppenheimer

Exclamation at the atomic bomb test according to his brother (1945).

eoc online physics field test
EOC Online Physics Field Test
  • Fall 2006
    • 3,733 Students Tested
    • New blocking added for incorrect Flash versions
  • Spring 2007
    • Registration and Scheduling now available
    • No Reports (Field Test)
eoc online physics moving forward next year
EOC Online PhysicsMoving Forward (Next Year)
  • Interim standards will be set on the fall 2007 operational test data.
  • In the fall block (2007), scores will be delayed.
  • The recommended Interim Standards will go to the State Board for approval in February 2008.
  • In spring 2008, scoring will be reasonably immediate after QC checks are complete, and students will be held to the INTERIM standard.
  • After an entire year is completed (2007-08), additional standard setting methodologies will be employed to confirm or shift the interim standards.
  • In fall 2008, the final standards will be approved by the board and in place for students who take the EOC in 2008-09 and beyond until we change things again.
eoc online optional
EOC Online (Optional)
  • Fall 2006
    • First time EOCs offered online as an option
    • One school participated in Algebra I
      • No problems reported
      • Students “enjoyed” it
  • Spring 2007
    • Registration & Scheduling now available
  • Not included:
    • Chemistry Field Test
    • Physical Science Field Test
    • Biology Field Test
eoc online optional next steps
EOC Online (Optional)Next Steps
  • Scoring for Online EOC Total Multiple-Choice Tests that have established standards set by the SBE
    • Once data are certified, then results will be immediately available to LEA Test Coordinators upon student completion of the test via the NCRegistration system.
    • Early testers will have a slight delay (week?)
  • Add ISRs & Label output to NCRegistration for EOCs
eocs online moving forward next year
EOCs Online Moving Forward (Next Year)
  • Making the answer choices clickable
  • Improvement of the calculator
    • Moveable/draggable on screen (within test interface)
    • Add graphing capability
  • Improvement of online reference content
    • Moveable/draggable on screen (within test interface)
  • Attempt to improve item view state preservation
    • Position
    • Zoom percentage
  • Optional to continue until such time as it is no longer feasible to maintain paper-and-pencil testing.
ncextend2 online 2007 08
NCEXTEND2 Online 2007-08
  • Process under way to present all NCEXTEND2 in an online format
  • Format similar to EOC Online
  • Format for Writing would be delivered using NCDesk with a single editor item.
ncregistration next steps
NCRegistrationNext Steps
  • Management features to be improved
  • May begin work on tighter user account integration across many online projects (including TNN)
  • Improvement of speed on SIQ entry, screen (ajax elements) performance, etc.
  • Adding query/sort order control features to report output (ISR & Labels)
  • A good percentage of sessions scheduled continue to be left unused – we are looking into ways of reducing this and may seed the “Maximum Concurrent Students Testing” in the School Profiles with values from data collected from Computer Skills to limit the number of students that can be scheduled for a start time window.
  • Report output enhancements
    • Control by query report output results
    • Possibly adding different output formats (XML/SIF, others)