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15 th Statistical Days 2005 Radenci, Slovenia, 7-9 November 2005. IMPROVEMENTS IN DISSEMINATION METHODS AND IN STATISTICAL LITERACY – A KEY TO QUALITY USE OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS Ranko R. Nedeljkovic, Dragana Filippi Statistical Office of Serbia and Montenegro [email protected]

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15 th statistical days 2005 radenci slovenia 7 9 november 2005
15th Statistical Days 2005Radenci, Slovenia, 7-9 November 2005

IMPROVEMENTS IN DISSEMINATION METHODS AND IN STATISTICAL LITERACY – A KEY TO QUALITY USE OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS

Ranko R. Nedeljkovic, Dragana Filippi

Statistical Office of Serbia and Montenegro

[email protected]

Statistical Days 2005, Radenci, Slovenia, 7-9 November 2005


IMPROVEMENTS IN DISSEMINATION METHODS AND IN STATISTICAL LITERACY – A KEY TO QUALITY USE OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS

  • Official Statistics in Pre-Transition Era

  • Changes in Official Statistics during Transition

  • Use of Official Statistics

  • Dissemination Methods

  • Statistical Literacy

Statistical Days 2005, Radenci, Slovenia, 7-9 November 2005


Official statistics in pre transition era
Official Statistics in Pre-Transition Era LITERACY – A KEY TO QUALITY USE OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS

  • Compulsory Fulfillment of all Requests

  • Full Coverage System

  • Volume-based rather than Value-based

  • MPS instead of SNA

  • Dissemination – Paper Publications

  • Considered Government Service – for Government users mainly

Statistical Days 2005, Radenci, Slovenia, 7-9 November 2005


Official statistics in pre transition era1
Official Statistics in Pre-Transition Era LITERACY – A KEY TO QUALITY USE OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS

  • Statistical output used less as an analysis and decision making tool, more as a society picture and a proof that plans were achieved

  • Government administration considered to be the only important user, all other users treated as less important

  • In essence – not user oriented.

Statistical Days 2005, Radenci, Slovenia, 7-9 November 2005


Changes in official statistics during transition
Changes in Official Statistics during Transition LITERACY – A KEY TO QUALITY USE OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS

  • Orientation towards Market Economy Society

    • Better Coverage of Private Sector

    • Less Burden on Respondents

    • New Methodologies, Standards,…

    • Service Sector Coverage

    • Government Finance Statistics

    • Globalization

  • Official Statistics reflects the level of democratization in society

Statistical Days 2005, Radenci, Slovenia, 7-9 November 2005


Changes in official statistics during transition1
Changes in Official Statistics during Transition LITERACY – A KEY TO QUALITY USE OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS

  • Data Collection

    • Samples instead of full coverage

    • Wide use of Administrative Registers

    • Wider use of Internet, E-mail

    • Paper questionnaires – still in major use

  • Statistical Production

    • New harmonized methodologies: EU, UN, …

    • Improved ICT possibilities

Statistical Days 2005, Radenci, Slovenia, 7-9 November 2005


Use of official statistics in transition era
Use of Official Statistics in Transition Era LITERACY – A KEY TO QUALITY USE OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS

  • Dissemination Means

    • Printed publications, chargeable

    • Electronic publications, chargeable

    • Publications, e-publications, free of charge

  • Use of Statistical Data

    • Political Decision Making

    • Business Decision Making

    • Economic and Social Analyses

Statistical Days 2005, Radenci, Slovenia, 7-9 November 2005


Competition to official statistics
Competition to official statistics LITERACY – A KEY TO QUALITY USE OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS

  • Private institutes, agencies

  • Government bodies and agencies, too

  • Often quicker, better marketed, aggressive

    How to compete?

  • Produce quality statistics

  • More aggressively promote official statistics, and disseminate it as well

Statistical Days 2005, Radenci, Slovenia, 7-9 November 2005


Improvements in dissemination methods
Improvements in Dissemination Methods LITERACY – A KEY TO QUALITY USE OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS

  • User-oriented, user oriented,...

  • Electronic free, electronic free...

  • Statistical data warehouses, friendly access

  • Data-shop service, customer-made service

  • Network of regional statistical centres, libraries

  • Co-operation with third parties on special issues

  • Cooperate more with media, particularly TV

  • Cooperate much more with education system

Statistical Days 2005, Radenci, Slovenia, 7-9 November 2005


Improvements in dissemination methods1
Improvements in Dissemination Methods LITERACY – A KEY TO QUALITY USE OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS

  • Users’ needs:

    • Timeliness of updates and releases

    • All other quality elements...

    • Access to user-friendly metadata

  • User satisfaction forums

    • User satisfaction surveys

    • Discussion forums, organized by: NSI, Chamber of Commerce, Statistical Council, other official producers, ...

Statistical Days 2005, Radenci, Slovenia, 7-9 November 2005


Improvements in statistical literacy
Improvements in Statistical Literacy LITERACY – A KEY TO QUALITY USE OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS

  • Several types of users (and possible users): sophisticated users, general (educated) public, university students, schoolchildren,..

  • Lack of university programs covering topics relevant in official statistics

  • Lack of statistical themes in elementary and secondary schools curricula

Statistical Days 2005, Radenci, Slovenia, 7-9 November 2005


How to improve statistical literacy
How to Improve Statistical Literacy? LITERACY – A KEY TO QUALITY USE OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS

  • Start early: involve teachers, make suitable publications, popularize statistics, make it “a kids’ game”

  • In secondary schools make statistics, as a part of mathematics courses, an interesting material, with simple but real datasets, graphs, tables, …

  • Negotiate with other subject teachers to include statistics in their areas as an input to be analyzed

Statistical Days 2005, Radenci, Slovenia, 7-9 November 2005


How to improve statistical literacy1
How to Improve Statistical Literacy? LITERACY – A KEY TO QUALITY USE OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS

  • University programs of statistics do not cover needs of official statisticians

  • Programs at mathematics and informatics departments should put more emphasis on sampling, indexing, time series analysis, forecasting, combined with reality limitations

  • Programs at economics, business, management social departments should be more rigorous in mathematical sense

Statistical Days 2005, Radenci, Slovenia, 7-9 November 2005


How to improve statistical literacy2
How to Improve Statistical Literacy? LITERACY – A KEY TO QUALITY USE OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS

  • And, generally, far more statistical methods and techniques should be a part of other courses in various university curricula: engineering, medical sciences, social sciences, natural sciences, …

  • But, lecturers should know and understand statistics first …

  • Good university program for official statistics yet to be developed

Statistical Days 2005, Radenci, Slovenia, 7-9 November 2005


How to improve statistical literacy3
How to Improve Statistical Literacy? LITERACY – A KEY TO QUALITY USE OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS

  • Aggressive campaign to obtain better public visibility of official statistics:

    • TV and radio

    • Internet

    • newspapers, …

  • Popular publications:

    • S&M in Graphs (2005)

    • Slovenia in Figures (2005), …

Statistical Days 2005, Radenci, Slovenia, 7-9 November 2005


Quality use of official statistics
Quality Use of Official Statistics LITERACY – A KEY TO QUALITY USE OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS

  • Improve Dissemination Methods

  • Improve Statistical Literacy

  • Promote Statistical Analyses

  • Promote Analysis-based Decision Making

  • Improve Production Methods based on Needs and Requests from Users Community

  • Widely Apply Quality Principles in Statistical Production

Statistical Days 2005, Radenci, Slovenia, 7-9 November 2005


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