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Major Developmental Theories

Major Developmental Theories

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Major Developmental Theories

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  1. Major Developmental Theories Freud, Erikson, Piaget, Bandura, Kohlberg, Kubler Ross

  2. Freud’s Psychosexual Stages of Development

  3. Oral Stage Birth to 18 months • Oral fixation • Oral personality

  4. Anal Stage 18 months to three years • Anal Retentive • Anal Expulsive

  5. Phallic Stage Three to Six years • Oedipus Complex • Electra Complex

  6. Latency Stage Six to Puberty • Repression of sexual desires • Same sex peers

  7. Genital Stage Puberty on • Reawakening sexual urges • Attention returns to opposite sex peers

  8. Id, Ego, Super Ego

  9. Eric EricksonEight-Stage Theory of Psycho-Social Development

  10. Jean Piaget - Stages of Cognitive Development

  11. Piaget Development Stages Video • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TRF27F2bn-A

  12. Bandura • Social Learning Theory posits: • Humans learn from one another • Observation • Imitation • Modeling • Reciprocal Determinism

  13. Necessary Conditions for Effective Modeling • Attention • Retention • Reproduction • Motivation

  14. Lawrence Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development

  15. The Heinz Dilemma In Europe, a woman was near death from a special kind of cancer. There was one drug that the doctors thought might save her. It was a form of radium that a druggist in the same town had recently discovered. The drug was expensive to make, but the druggist was charging ten times what the drug cost him to make. He paid $200 for the radium and charged $2,000 for a small dose of the drug. The sick woman's husband, Heinz, went to everyone he knew to borrow the money, but he could only get together about $ 1,000 which is half of what it cost. He told the druggist that his wife was dying and asked him to sell it cheaper or let him pay later. But the druggist said: "No, I discovered the drug and I'm going to make money from it." So Heinz got desperate and broke into the man's store to steal the drug-for his wife. Should the husband have done that?

  16. Phase 1

  17. Phase 2

  18. Phase 3

  19. Kohlberg Video • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GTzBrjxKHLg&feature=related

  20. Elisabeth Kubler-Ross5 Stages of Grief

  21. Denial Anger Bargaining Depression Acceptance