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Codex Alimentarius - basic principles-. Prof. Elisaveta Stikova M.D., Ph.D. School of Medicine University “ St. Cyril and Methodius” – Skopje Republic of Macedonia. The FAO/WHO International Conference on Nutrition, 1992. Recognized that:

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Codex Alimentarius

- basic principles-

Prof. Elisaveta Stikova

M.D., Ph.D.

School of Medicine

University “ St. Cyril and Methodius” – Skopje

Republic of Macedonia

the fao who international conference on nutrition 1992
The FAO/WHO International Conference on Nutrition, 1992

Recognized that:

  • access to nutritionally adequate and safe food is a right of each individual,
  • Food regulations… should fully take international standards of the Codex Alimentarius
codex alimentarius is

Codex Alimentarius is:

Latin term for

“ Food Law” or

“Food Code”

codex alimentarius commission
Codex Alimentarius Commission
  • FAO in 1961 and WHO 1963 passed Resolution to establish the Codex Alimentarius Commission,
  • Responsible for Joint FAO/WHO Food Standard Program.
codex objectives 1
Codex Objectives (1):
  • To protect the health of consumers,
  • To ensure fair practices in the food trade,
  • To coordinate all work regarding food standards,
codex objectives 2
Codex Objectives (2):
  • To determinate the priorities,
  • To initiate the preparation of standards,
  • To publish the standards.
codex alimentarius commission structure and management
Codex Alimentarius Commission – structure and management
  • The Executive Committee,
  • The Regional Coordinating

Committees,

  • The Secretariat of the

Commission.

the executive committee
The Executive Committee
  • Chairperson,
  • 3 Vice-Chairpersons,
  • 7 Regional Representatives,
  • 6 Regional Coordinators.
regional coordinating committees
Regional Coordinating Committees:
  • 6 Regional Committees – for Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America&Caribbean, North America & Southwest Pacific, Near East.
  • Responsible for defining the problems and needs of the region
  • Responsible for coordination of activities.
the secretariat of the commission
The Secretariat of the Commission:

Responsible for:

  • Formulation and development of FAO/ WHO standards,
  • Administrative support to the Commission,
  • Relations with the National Codex Contact Point.
subsidiary bodies of the codex alimentarius commission
Subsidiary bodies of the Codex Alimentarius Commission:
  • Codex Committees:
    • Codex committees for general principles,
    • Committees for special types of foodstuff products.
  • Ad-hoc Intergovernmental Special Work Groups.
codex committees on general issues 1
Codex Committees on general issues (1):

1. Codex Committee on General Principles,

2. Codex Committee on Food Labelling,

3. Codex Committee on Methods of Analysis and Sampling, 

codex committees on general issues 2
Codex Committees on general issues (2):

4. Codex Committee on Food Hygiene,

5. Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues,

6. Codex Committee on Food Additives and Contaminants,

codex committees on general issues 3
Codex Committees on general issues (3):

7. Codex Committee on Import - Export Inspection and Certification systems,

8. Codex Committee on Nutrition and Foods for Special Dietary Uses,

9. Codex Committee on Residues of Veterinary Drugs in Foods,

product committees 1
Product Committees(1):

1. Codex Committee on Cocoa Products and Chocolates,

2. Codex Committee on Sugars,

3. Codex Committee on Pocessed Fruit and Vegetables,

4. Codex Committee on Fats and Oils,

product committees 2
Product Committees(2):

5. Codex Committee on Meat and Polutry Hygyene,

6. Codex Committee on Fish and Fishery products,

7. CodexCommittee on Fresh Fruit and Vegetables,

product committees 3
Product Committees(3):

8. Codex Committee on Milk and Milk Products,

9. Codex Committee on Natural Mineral Waters,

10.Codex Committee on Vegetable Proteins,

11.Codex Committee on Cereals, Pulses and Legumes.

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Ad-hoc Intergovernmental Codex Special Groups for:

  • biotechnologically produced food,
  • animal feeds,
  • fruit juices.
codex alimentarius commision
Codex Alimentarius Commision

Highest priority:

  • Formulation of commodity and general standards
codex standards include 1
Codex Standards include (1):
  • Scope of the standard,
  • Description of the standard,
  • Basic structure and quality factors,
  • Weights and measures,    
  • Labeling,
codex commodity standards include 2
Codex Commodity Standards include (2):
  • Contaminants,
  • Hygiene,
  • Food additives,
  • Methods for analysis.
structure and contents of codex alimentarius
Structure and contents of Codex Alimentarius:
  • Codex Alimentarius is composed of 14 volumes distributed in 17 books
  • Each book (by group of products) contains standards, guidelines...
achievements
Achievements:
  • 237 Food Standards,
  • 43 Codes of Practice,
  • 33 Guidelines,
  • 197 Pesticides evaluated,
  • 3274 Limits for pesticides residues,
  • 289 Limits of veterinary drug residues,
  • 1300 Food additives evaluated.
structure and contents of codex alimentarius 1
Structure and contents of Codex Alimentarius (1):
  • Volume one A - General Requirements,
  • Volume one B - General Requirements (Food Hygiene),
  • Volume two A - Pesticide Residues in foods (General texts)
  • Volume two B - Pesticide Residues in Foods (Maximal Residue Limits)
structure and contents of codex alimentarius 2
Structure and contents of Codex Alimentarius (2):
  • Volume three - Residues of Veterinary Drugs in Foods,
  • Volume four - Foods for special dietary uses
  • Volume five A - Processed and Quick-

Frozen Fruits and Vegetables

structure and contents of codex alimentarius 3
Structure and contents of Codex Alimentarius (3):
  • Volume five B - Fresh fruits

and vegetables,

  • Volume six – Fruit Juices,
  • Volume seven - Cereals, Pulses and Vegetable Proteins
  • Volume eight - Fats and Oils and Related Products
structure and contents of codex alimentarius 4
Structure and contents of Codex Alimentarius (4):
  • Volume nine - Fish and Fishery products,
  • Volume ten – Meat and Meat Products;Soups and Broths,
  • Volume eleven - Sugars, Cocoa Products and Chocolate and Miscellaneous Products,
structure and contents of codex alimentarius 5
Structure and contents of Codex Alimentarius (5):
  • Volume twelve - Milk and Milk Products
  • Volume thirteen - Methods of Analysis and Sampling
  • Volume fourteen - Acceptances
transparency of codex alimentarius
Transparency of Codex Alimentarius:

Information for all the standards, regulations, guides and other recommendations are available on the web page http://www.codexalimentarius.net/

national codex contact points function
National Codex Contact Points function:
  • Relation between the Secretariat and the member countries,
  • Coordination of all relevant Codex activities in their own country,
  • Acceptance of all final Codex – texts (standards, guidelines, advisory texts)