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CDAE 272 International Economic Development. Spring 2008. Class 04 Jan. 24 Last class: 1. Introduction Today: Introduction Quiz 1 Next class: 2. Measuring economic growth & development Reading: Reading package: Introduction Important date:

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slide2

Class 04

  • Jan. 24
  • Last class:
    • 1. Introduction
  • Today:
    • Introduction
    • Quiz 1
  • Next class:
  • 2. Measuring economic growth & development
  • Reading:
  • Reading package: Introduction
  • Important date:
  • Problem set 1 due Tuesday, Feb. 5
  • (To be posted on the class website on Jan. 25)
questions from the class
Questions from the class

1. How to calculate growth rate when it is negative?

Example 1. If the per capita GNP dropped from

$1500 in 2006 to $1455 in 2007, what was the

growth rate?

Example 2. If the per capita GNP dropped from

$2000 in 2005 to $1805 in 2007, what was the

average annual growth rate?

questions from the class1
Questions from the class

2. Could you give one example that has different

contributions to GNP and GDP?

A small broom company, located in Swanton, VT, produced 1,000 brooms and sold them at $10 each in 2007. The 1,000 wood handles were purchased from Canada at $2 each and the 5,000 lbs of straws were purchased from Swanton at $0.5 per lb. It is a family business without any hired worker and the owners are Canadian citizens. What are the contributions to Canadian GNP and GDP and U.S. GNP and GDP?

1 introduction
1. Introduction

1.1. Economic growth and globalization

1.2. Rapid growth in world trade

1.3. Development patterns of selected nations

1.4. The U.S. economy and international trade

1.5. Potentials and challenges

1 2 rapid growth in world trade
1.2. Rapid growth in world trade

1.2.1. International trade and indicators

-- Exports and imports

-- Trade deficit or surplus

Balance of trade = Exports - Imports

-- Trade barriers (restrictions)

-- Index of openness

-- How to calculate the index?

= Export / GDP

-- How can it be greater than 100%?

-- Economic freedom index

index of openness exports gdp
Index of openness (exports/GDP)

1980 1998

China (mainland) 6% 22%

India 6% 12%

Indonesia 34% 28%

Egypt 31% 17%

Hong Kong 90% 125%

Canada 28% 41%

UK 27% 29%

USA 10% 12%

Japan 14% 19%

Singapore 215% 187%

economic freedom index
Economic freedom index

Hong Kong 9.3

Singapore 8.9

New Zealand 8.8

United Kingdom 8.7 Assignment:

United States 8.5

Australia 8.5 Google search “economic

Ireland 8.5 freedom index” and find the

Switzerland 8.4 five nations with the lowest

Luxembourg 8.4 economic freedom indexes

Netherlands 8.3

Argentina 8.3

Bolivia 8.3

Canada 8.2

1 2 rapid growth in world trade1
1.2. Rapid growth in world trade

1.2.2. Growth in world trade since 1950

-- World GNP and exports

-- Major factors for the increase in trade

world gnp and export
World GNP and Export

1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000

Trade (index): 100 200 480 790 1160 2010

GNP (index): 100 150 260 390 505 620

1 2 rapid growth in world trade2
1.2. Rapid growth in world trade

1.2.3. Trends of world trade

-- Likely to increase at significant rates

-- Increasing negotiations and disputes

-- Distribution and redistribution of the benefits and costs of international trade

-- World trade under WTO

1 3 development patterns of selected nations
1.3. Development patterns of selected nations

Read the reading package and pay attention to the economic indicators we have discussed in classes.

1 4 the u s economy and international trade
1.4. The U.S. economy and international trade

-- Read pages 1-13 to 1-15

-- Trade deficit (billion dollars)

Total With China

1970: -1.2

1980: 14.9

1990: 80.7 10 (12%)

2003: 496.0 124 (25%

2004: 618.0 161 (26%)

2005: 725.8 201 (28%)

2006: 830.0 232 (28%)

http://www.americaneconomicalert.org/ticker_home.asp

1 5 potentials and challenges
1.5. Potentials and challenges

1.5.1. Rapid increase in trade

1.5.2. More and more disputes

1.5.3. Free trade vs. government interventions

1.5.4. Development issues related to trade

-- Environment

-- Poverty and inequity

…...

1.5.5. World trade under WTO

-- Functions

-- Efficiency

…...

a comparison of pork product prices us dollars per pound
A comparison of pork product prices(US dollars per pound)

China United States

Loin 1.20 1.32

Lung 0.24 0.03

Pork stomach 2.16 0.54

Pork kidney 1.54 0.17

Lard 0.72 0.25

Pork feet 0.87 0.20

Boneless butt 1.20 0.81

Nape of neck with bone 1.32 0.10

slide19
McDonald’s in China

(number of restaurants)