CDAE 272 International Economic Development

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# CDAE 272 International Economic Development - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

CDAE 272 International Economic Development. Spring 2008. Class 04 Jan. 24 Last class: 1. Introduction Today: Introduction Quiz 1 Next class: 2. Measuring economic growth & development Reading: Reading package: Introduction Important date:

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### CDAE 272International Economic Development

Spring 2008

Class 04

• Jan. 24
• Last class:
• 1. Introduction
• Today:
• Introduction
• Quiz 1
• Next class:
• 2. Measuring economic growth & development
• Important date:
• Problem set 1 due Tuesday, Feb. 5
• (To be posted on the class website on Jan. 25)
Questions from the class

1. How to calculate growth rate when it is negative?

Example 1. If the per capita GNP dropped from

\$1500 in 2006 to \$1455 in 2007, what was the

growth rate?

Example 2. If the per capita GNP dropped from

\$2000 in 2005 to \$1805 in 2007, what was the

average annual growth rate?

Questions from the class

2. Could you give one example that has different

contributions to GNP and GDP?

A small broom company, located in Swanton, VT, produced 1,000 brooms and sold them at \$10 each in 2007. The 1,000 wood handles were purchased from Canada at \$2 each and the 5,000 lbs of straws were purchased from Swanton at \$0.5 per lb. It is a family business without any hired worker and the owners are Canadian citizens. What are the contributions to Canadian GNP and GDP and U.S. GNP and GDP?

1. Introduction

1.1. Economic growth and globalization

1.2. Rapid growth in world trade

1.3. Development patterns of selected nations

1.4. The U.S. economy and international trade

1.5. Potentials and challenges

1.2. Rapid growth in world trade

-- Exports and imports

Balance of trade = Exports - Imports

-- Index of openness

-- How to calculate the index?

= Export / GDP

-- How can it be greater than 100%?

-- Economic freedom index

Index of openness (exports/GDP)

1980 1998

China (mainland) 6% 22%

India 6% 12%

Indonesia 34% 28%

Egypt 31% 17%

Hong Kong 90% 125%

UK 27% 29%

USA 10% 12%

Japan 14% 19%

Singapore 215% 187%

Economic freedom index

Hong Kong 9.3

Singapore 8.9

New Zealand 8.8

United Kingdom 8.7 Assignment:

United States 8.5

Ireland 8.5 freedom index” and find the

Switzerland 8.4 five nations with the lowest

Luxembourg 8.4 economic freedom indexes

Netherlands 8.3

Argentina 8.3

Bolivia 8.3

1.2. Rapid growth in world trade

1.2.2. Growth in world trade since 1950

-- World GNP and exports

-- Major factors for the increase in trade

World GNP and Export

1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000

Trade (index): 100 200 480 790 1160 2010

GNP (index): 100 150 260 390 505 620

1.2. Rapid growth in world trade

-- Likely to increase at significant rates

-- Increasing negotiations and disputes

-- Distribution and redistribution of the benefits and costs of international trade

1.3. Development patterns of selected nations

Read the reading package and pay attention to the economic indicators we have discussed in classes.

1.4. The U.S. economy and international trade

-- Read pages 1-13 to 1-15

Total With China

1970: -1.2

1980: 14.9

1990: 80.7 10 (12%)

2003: 496.0 124 (25%

2004: 618.0 161 (26%)

2005: 725.8 201 (28%)

2006: 830.0 232 (28%)

1.5. Potentials and challenges

1.5.2. More and more disputes

1.5.3. Free trade vs. government interventions

1.5.4. Development issues related to trade

-- Environment

-- Poverty and inequity

…...

-- Functions

-- Efficiency

…...

A comparison of pork product prices(US dollars per pound)

China United States

Loin 1.20 1.32

Lung 0.24 0.03

Pork stomach 2.16 0.54

Pork kidney 1.54 0.17

Lard 0.72 0.25

Pork feet 0.87 0.20

Boneless butt 1.20 0.81

Nape of neck with bone 1.32 0.10

McDonald’s in China

(number of restaurants)