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Self Concept. This is what we believe WE are like as a person and what we believe that OTHER people think about us.
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This is what we believe WE are like as a person
what we believe that OTHER people think about us.
Using a character from a TV family, produce a lifeline and predict physical changes, changes in family circumstances, economic changes and environmental changes which could occur over the next 15 years.
20,8,9,19 - 9,19 - 23,8,1,20 - 23,5 -2,5,12,9,5,22,5 - 23,5- 1,18,5 - 12,9,11,5 - 1,19 - 1 - 16,5,18,19,15,14
23,8,1,20, -23,5- 2,512,9,5,22,5- 20,8,1,20- 15,20,8,5,18 - 16,5,15,16,12,5 - 20,8,9,14,11 -1,2,15,21,20- 21,19
Objectives for today's lesson
We are going to learn how ‘Self Concept’ contributes to our growth and development.
This is what we believe WE are like as a person and what we believe that OTHER people think about us.
We all have a picture of ourselves. – who we are, what we are like inside.
This is the image of ourselves that we like others to see.
This is called our self-concept.
It is based on two things:
What we believe we are like as a person
What we believe that other people think about us.
The view we have of ourselves changes as a result of: the experiences we have
the life stage we are in.
This can affect how we see ourselves.
And whether we have high or low self-concept?
Infancy and childhood
they are taught or imitate, they think
about what is happening and decide
what their own values are. This called
internalising or examining within themselves.
Ian is 63. He has worked as a salesman in a furniture store for 30 years. Ian loves his work. He lives on his own so he enjoys meeting the customers and chatting to his colleagues. This is his main social life.
He is called in to see the manager when he arrives at work one day. The manager tells Ian that the firm would like him to take early retirement. This is because they are going to introduce a number of changes and fell that Ian would benefit financially if he were to leave at the end of the month.
The manager makes it clear that he expects Ian to accept the package being offered.
Many people think there is an ‘ideal’ look that they should resemble. If we think we look good then we have a positive self-image. If we think we do not look good we may have a negative self-image. A negative self-image may contribute to a low self-concept.
Clothes, hairstyle, make up and body shape are seen differently by different people. No one look s attractive to everyone. What you see as attractive may be so because of your own age, culture and lifestyle. The important issue is to feel positive about the way you look. We can easily develop a negative self image if we do not understand the way other cultures or personal beliefs influence other people’s opinions of our appearance. A poor self-image may cause us to lack confidence or to feel depressed about our relationships with other people.
Different people have different customs and ways of thinking. Your family or the community where you grew up may have different beliefs and expectations from other families and communities. These differences influence the way we think. We call this range of influences ‘cultural influences’ . This is called ‘norms’ by sociologists.
Culture is shared beliefs, customs and values. It includes things such as language, religion and other faiths, diet, sport and music. It also includes ideas about things like personal modesty, morality and gender roles. Culture binds society together. It gives people a shared identity and a sense of belonging. This is why it is important for someone’s self-concept.
A person’s understanding of his or her own self-concept is dependent on his or her own emotional and intellectual maturity. A person needs complex language to describe his/her self-concept accurately so language development must come first. For this reason alone small children alone cannot describe their self-concept.
At the age of 2 a child will be able to say if they are a boy or a girl and they may know their age. But they will not be able to describe themselves.
By 10 years a child can describe their appearance, his/her likes and dislikes and aspects of his/her life i.e. home & school. But they will not be emotionally mature enough to compare themselves with another person.
By late adolescence people are emotionally mare enough to draw comparisons with their peer group. The peer group is particularly important at this age. They help them form a view of their self-concept, their environment, personal needs and abstract ideas. They will have clear opinions on many issues.
By the time a person is an adult they will have enough emotional maturity to have personal insight. They will also have the necessary language to describe his/her self-concept in detail.
Our ideas are strongly influenced by our experiences at school. Young people spend more than half their time they are awake at school, doing homework or meeting friends from school. Later experiences at college or university can also confirm our change what we think about ourselves.
An important part of a person’s self-concept is what they believe others think about them. Communication is an important part of all relationships. Good communication skills can help us to form positive relationships. It is in relationships that people find out what others think about them. If a person has a trusting and honest relationship with another person, such as a friend, they may learn from them that others have a higher opinion of them than they thought. This will improve their self esteem.
Sexual orientation refers to our sexual behaviour and choice of partner.
A person’s sexual orientation is certain to form part of his or her self-concept. It will be particularly significant to those who are homosexual. This is because to admit to being homosexual can still be a very traumatic thing to do. A young person who is homosexual may encounter the following problems:
Parents may express sadness or disappointment
Acquaintances may express homophobic attitudes
They may suffer prejudice at work or school
Some people believe that homosexuals should not be allowed to work with children e.g. teachers or social workers
Pensions and housing laws do not allow the same privileges as for heterosexual couples
There is considerable opposition to homosexual couples being allowed to foster or adopt children.
Life Experiences- these are the everyday things that happen to us. A single life experience is not likely to affect our self-concept, but life events considered all together can.
Infants & Children
Infants life experiences are very limited. Carers are responsible for the life experiences of a baby. This will affect their self-concept.
Children begin to make relationships with other people and their life experiences widen. Their self-concept is affected by other relationships with teachers, friends, etc.
Adolescents become increasingly independent and their experiences widen. Most teenagers go through a period of rebellion. Usually parents can put up with this, and the rows and arguments pass. They are left with a good relationship and in turn have a positive self-concept.
If adolescents have a bad relationship with their parents, they are more likely to get in to crime, drugs, or alcohol abuse. They may become promiscuous. This can lead to unwanted pregnancy and it can lead to the chances of sexually transmitted diseases. All these limit their opportunities and have a negative effect on their self-concept.
Many older adults have very positive life experiences. They have good relationships with their families, and enjoy busy, active lives. However, older people can feel devalued by others, which has a negative effect on their self-concept.
Adults life experiences are wider still as they become completely independent. They become workers and set up home themselves. If their experiences are satisfying and they have a satisfactory relationship with their partner then these are positive factors contributing to their self-concept.
Sometimes these experiences are not positive. They may experience bullying in the workplace or within a relationship. They may experience discrimination in their lives, because of their sex, sexuality, race or disability. All of these can negatively affect their self-concept
‘Who am I?’ and
‘Why am I like this?’