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Actual European conditions for agriculture and rural development Agriculture has lost much of its previous roles in the development of rural areas (production protection). However it is still considered to be the best way of ensuring a lasting connection between the population and the land.
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Three elements of Multifunctionality:
Outputs of a Multifunctional Agriculture
commodity outputs non-commodity outputs
private goods private goods public goods
Food and fibre
Transformation of products
Care activities on farms
Other marketable products
Non commodity outputs
Food security and safety
Rural way of living/traditions
Health and other non commodity products (silence)Examples of multifunctional outputs:
Source: van der Ploeg, 2003
The Main Aim of my PhD research will be to analyse the impact of multifunctional agriculture on the ruraldevelopment in one selected region in Slovakia. Specifically it will be examined the economic and social contribution of farms to the development of country villages.
Economic contribution: How Multifunctional Agriculture influence the farm‘s economic level and rural economic development (e.g. income, net profit, costs, prices, share of added value to farmer, nº of goods offered, nº of tourists, etc.)?
Social contribution: How Multifunctional Agriculture influence community/rural survival (nº of local groups, rate of migration, nº of inhabitants, on-farm employment, new employment opportunities, etc.)?
Commodity Higher added value
Higher on-farm employment
Non- Better quality of work
commodity Better valorisation of household labour (women, young people)
Higher quality of goods
Higher n. of tourists
New employment opportunities
Improvement of natural and social capital
How to determine the socio-economic impact of multifunctional farm?The S-E impact will be determined through On Farm Effects and External Effects, which are illustrated in the Table.
The higher the level of farm household general and /or agricultural education, the greater the propensity to Multifunctionality.
The “better” use of available local natural, social and cultural resources, the higher level of Multifunctionality.
The more effective use of financial support of EU funds and/or national and local subsidies, the higher level of Multifunctionality.