The North Takes Control of the War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The North Takes Control of the War

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    1. The North Takes Control of the War

    3. Gettysburg Address President Lincolns speech is renowned as creating the United States as we know it today Citizens believed they were no longer a collection of states but united as a country

    4. Gettysburg Address

    5. Battle (siege) of Vicksburg Grant is able to seize the city by constant artillery strikes and strangling the city Vicksburg is extremely important because the Union gains control of the Mississippi River thus splitting the Confederacy

    6. Sherman and Grants Plan of Total War The Confederacy knew they could not win but hoped for an armistice after northern morale fell sick of war Sherman and Grant did not allow for this to happen Grant knew that he could lose more men than Lee and still win. He went on a constant offensive. Sherman wanted to destroy the morale of the Confederacy. He burned everything in his path from Chattanooga to Atlanta and then on to the sea

    7. The Surrender at Appomattox Union troops capture Richmond April 3, 1865 Grant and Lee met in private to arrange a surrender at Lincolns request terms were generous The Surrender is signed on April 9, 1865

    8. The Effects of the War Approximately 360,000 Union soldiers and 260,000 Confederate soldiers died. Dramatic increase in the power and authority of the Federal Government Income tax and Conscription laws were passed Economically the Southern states were decimated as the Northern states boomed Technology changes war Minie ball, grenade, land mines, and Ironclad ships

    9. The 13th Amendment Abolishes slavery in all states within the United States Amendment 13 - Slavery Abolished. Ratified 12/6/1865. History 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

    10. Lincoln Assassinated April 14, 1865 Lincoln is shot at Fords Theatre never regaining consciousness he dies on April 15. John Wilkes Booth is found 12 days later and shot by Union Calvary Effects Lincolns plans to reunify the nation are never implemented 1st President to ever be assassinated Places the United States (Union) in mourning

    11. Lincoln Assassinated