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The 1920’s and 1930’s. Charles Lindbergh. Flew from New York to Paris in 1927 First SOLO transatlantic flight ever successfully completed. The Lindbergh Baby. Charles Augustus Lindbergh II Kidnapped on March 1, 1932 After 10 weeks of negotiations the baby was found dead on May 12

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charles lindbergh
Charles Lindbergh
  • Flew from New York to Paris in 1927
  • First SOLO transatlantic flight ever successfully completed
the lindbergh baby
The Lindbergh Baby
  • Charles Augustus Lindbergh II
  • Kidnapped on March 1, 1932
  • After 10 weeks of negotiations the baby was found dead on May 12
  • Bruno Hauptmann was tried in 1935 for the death of the child
    • Executed in 1936
amelia earhart
Amelia Earhart
  • Born-July 24, 1897
  • 1932-First woman to make a SOLO trans-Atlantic flight
  • Made 2 attempts to circumnavigate the globe
  • July 2, 1937-disappeared over the Atlantic Ocean
scopes monkey trial
Darrow v. Bryan

Should evolution be taught in schools?

Butler Law

John T. Scopes was the ‘test case’

Bryan won the case but it was overturned by a higher court

Died 5 days later

Inherit the Wind

1960 Movie

Starred Spencer Tracy and Dick York (Bewitched)

Not a factual movie but definitely shows the interrogation of Bryan by Darrow

Scopes Monkey Trial
prohibition
Prohibition
  • 18th Amendment to the Constitution
  • Outlawed the manufacturing, sale and transportation (not the consumption of) alcohol
  • Purpose: that drunkenness was an evil that caused men to spend all their money and beat their wives
bootleggers
Bootleggers
  • Smuggling or transporting of alcoholic beverages illegally
  • Mostly run by gangsters/mobsters
  • Especially Al Capone, Bugs Moran, etc
  • Speakeasies
    • connected to organized crime
    • secret places to sell/consume alcohol
eliot ness
Eliot Ness
  • American Prohibition Agent
  • “The Untouchables”
    • Named for Capone’s inability to bribe his agents
  • Part of the FBI
  • Raided organized crime areas regularly trying to enforce prohibition
  • Eventually convicted Capone on 22 counts of tax evasion
  • Went on to a distinguished government career
al capone st valentines day massacre
Al Capone/St. Valentines Day Massacre
  • Al “Scarface” Capone
  • Italian Mobster
  • Famous for bootlegging during prohibition
  • Major rivalry with Bugs Moran
  • Arch-Nemesis: Elliot Ness
  • Finally brought down for evading his income taxes
  • Spent 7 years in Alcatraz
  • Died in 1947 after suffering from dementia (probably syphilis)

St. Valentine’s Day Massacre

the end of prohibition
The End of Prohibition
  • 21st Amendment
  • Passed in 1933
  • 18th Amendment is the only one ever to be repealed
  • Mobsters and the Kennedy’s were the first to re-open liquor stores and bars
    • Probably because of their bootlegging during the prohibition era
kkk in golden
KKK in Golden
  • 1920’s-US Senator, Colorado Governor, Golden Mayor swear allegiance to the KKK
  • Burned crosses on South Table Mountain
  • 1921-William Joseph Simmons
  • Denver Chapter-17,000 members
    • 5% of Colorado’s 1 million population part of the KKK
    • "CYANA,“ an acronym for Catholics, You Are Not Americans.
kkk cont d
KKK Cont’d
  • April 14, 1922: The first public gathering of the Ku Klux Klan in Jefferson County on the present site of Heritage Square, complete with blazing torches. The targets of KKK intimidation in Jefferson County were Catholics, Jews, and blacks.
  • September 27, 1923: Ku Klux Klan burns crosses on top of South Table Mountain on Castle Rock above Golden
kkk in brighton
KKK in Brighton
  • The Ku Klux Klan reports between 750 and 1,000 members in Weld County.
  • As many as 10,000 people showed up at Klan rallies and parades on the southeast corner of 16th Street and 23rd Avenue.
  • The Klan held meetings at a local church in Brighton
  • The Klan began losing its hold on the town in the 1950’s
  • There are still ‘card carrying’ members of the KKK in Brighton today
joseph kennedy overview
Joseph Kennedy-Overview
  • September 6, 1888-November 18, 1969
  • Irish Catholic businessman
  • Father to President John F. Kennedy, Senator Robert Kennedy, Senator Ted Kennedy
  • Married Rose Fitzgerald
    • Daughter of Democratic Mayor of Boston John Fitzgerald “Honey Fitz”
joe kennedy family life
Joe Kennedy-Family Life
  • Joe and Rose Kennedy married on October 7, 1914
  • Had 9 children together
    • Joe Jr.
    • John Fitzgerald
    • Rosemary
    • Kathleen “Kick”
    • Eunice Mary
    • Patricia “Pat”
    • Robert Francis
    • Jean Ann
    • Edward Moore “Ted”
joe kennedy business ventures
Joe Kennedy-Business Ventures
  • 1919-began learning about the stock market
  • President of Old Colony Reality
  • 1st Venture-Bought 15,000 shares of Pond Creek Coal Co.
    • Purchased-$16/share
    • Sold at $45/share
business ventures cont d
Business Ventures Cont’d
  • 1925-Opened a chain of movie theatres
  • Film Booking Office of America-bought it out
  • Turned out 1 “B” movie per week
  • Made him a billionaire by 1926
  • Had an affair with Gloria Swanson
  • Vertical and Horizontal Industry
    • Bought movie chain in New England
joe kennedy prohibition
Joe Kennedy-Prohibition
  • No proof that they ever bootlegged
  • Father owned a liquor business
  • Would have had the connections to run a bootlegging business
  • Reentered the liquor business right after prohibition was repealed
  • Only others capable were the organized crime bosses
joe kennedy vs organized crime
Joe Kennedy vs. Organized Crime
  • Rumors originated that Kennedy was working with the mob from mobsters who hated the Kennedy’s
  • Could have been an enemy to the mob
  • The mob had reported that Kennedy was a bootlegger (story came from the mob after Bobby Kennedy began passing laws against organized crime)
joe kennedy stock market crash
Joe Kennedy-Stock Market Crash
  • Buying on the margin
    • Pay a portion in the beginning and then pay the rest when the stock goes up
  • Selling Short
    • “Only a fool holds out for top dollar”
    • Selling stock he didn’t own yet
    • Drops a lot of shares quickly so the stock price plummets
black tuesday
Black Tuesday
  • October 29, 1929
  • Signified the beginning of the Great Depression
  • Sent the US economy into a tailspin for the next 10 years
  • Kennedy and other stock market players were the least effected
  • Mainly it was the ‘little man’ who lost everything
economics of the 1920 s
Economics of the 1920’s
  • Farmers
    • Had experienced the depression as early as 1923
  • Playing the market
    • People were borrowing money from banks to invest in the market
    • Putting houses, businesses, farm equipment, etc as collateral
  • Banks
    • Were not always backed by the government
    • Extended more loans than they had money to back
teapot dome scandal
1922

Oil Fields in Wyoming and California

During the Presidency of Warren G. Harding

Oil fields were on public lands

Senator Fall from NM convinced Edwin Denby to lease the fields to the Department of the Interior

The Fall leased them to Mammoth Oil Company and Pan American Petroleum

Fall received a $404,000 gift from the oil companies

The gift was the only part that was illegal

Fall was convicted in 1929 and fined $100,000 and 1 year in prison for corruptly leasing public lands without bidding

Teapot Dome Scandal