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Reinventing Science Librarianship Education for New Roles Catherine Blake cablake@email.unc.edu http://www.ils.unc.edu/~cablake University of North Carolina @ Chapel Hill Source: The DCC Curation Lifecycle Model Creation Jupiter has moons Galileo, Sidereus Nuncius, 1610

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reinventing science librarianship

Reinventing Science Librarianship

Education for New Roles

Catherine Blake

cablake@email.unc.edu

http://www.ils.unc.edu/~cablake

University of North Carolina @ Chapel Hill

creation
Creation
  • Jupiter has moons
    • Galileo, Sidereus Nuncius, 1610
  • Relative sizes of the Earth, Sun and Moon
    • Aristarchus's 3rd century BC
    • this image - 10th century AD

Source: Wikipedia

creation4
Creation
  • Little Dipper microarray processors
  • Biology/pharmacology
  • The first beam in the Large Hadron Collider at CERN1 was successfully steered around the full 27 kilometers of the world’s most powerful particle accelerator

Source: http://www.scigene.com/products/little_dipper.html

http://mediaarchive.cern.ch/MediaArchive/Photo/Public/2008/0809002/0809002_01/0809002_01-A5-at-72-dpi.jpg

acquisition collection
Acquisition & Collection
  • Data acquired directly from scientists
    • Heterogeneous formats
      • multi-media
      • annotations on a spreadsheet
    • Varying quality
      • experimental settings
      • Student vs verified data
identification cataloging
Collectively identifying resources

Group think

Social bookmarking

Participatory cataloging

Eg UNC photographs

Identification & Cataloging
storage preservation
Storage & Preservation
  • Storage
    • 92% on magnetic media
    • 5 exabytes of print, film, magnetic, and optical storage media produced about in 2002
  • Preservation
    • Heterogeneous
    • Changing hardware
    • Changing software

Image Source: http://www.cray.com/products/index.html

http://www2.sims.berkeley.edu/research/projects/how-much-info-2003/

barriers to access removed
Barriers to access removed
  • Environment
    • New source of information providers (Scientists, Granting agencies)
    • NIH Mandated access
  • Consequences
    • No single point of access
    • Different levels of access required
      • HIPPA compliance
      • Maintaining cultural norms
use and reuse
Use and Reuse
  • Data and Text Mining
    • Use data collected for a different purpose
    • Eg a side-effect of one drug becomes the purpse of another
  • Information Synthesis
    • Combine speculative information
  • Literature Based Discovery
    • Uncover transitive connections from text
data oriented roles
Data Oriented Roles
  • Data Consultant
    • Share best practice regarding how to organize & share data
  • Data Distributor
    • Scientists control the data, distributor makes the data available to others
  • Data Manager
    • Manager organizes and keep the data
new roles
New Roles
  • Data Service Provider
    • Data conversion and pre-processing
  • Data and Text Analyst
    • Scientist provides the data, analyst applies visualization, data and text mining tools.
  • Embedded Roles (Data Scientist)
    • Information Work flow
data oriented roles12
Data Oriented Roles
  • Information organization
  • Conceptual Modeling
  • Create and understand
    • ER diagrams
    • UML diagrams
    • Concept maps
slide13

Information

Object

interpreted

using

1+

interpreted

Data

Representation

using

1+

Object

Information

Physical

Digital

Object

Object

1+

Bit

Sequence

Reference Model For an Open Archival Information System

Source:nost.gsfc.nasa.gov/isoas/presentations/oais_tutorial_200005.ppt

data oriented roles14
Data Oriented Roles
  • Conceptual  relational models
  • Good database design
    • Normalization
    • Methods to enforce
      • data quality
      • referential integrity
    • Ongoing maintenance
new roles15
New Roles
  • Text Mining: A case study
    • All text is not created equal
    • Things that in the way
      • Page breaks
      • Figures
      • Tables
      • Special characters
  • Implications to preservation
machine readable form
Machine readable form

></TABLE

><P

>Scientists engage in the discovery process more than any other user population, yet their day-to-day activities are often elusive. … The development of accurate models often requires that a scientist resolve conflicting evidence.</P

><P

>One activity that consumes much of a scientists' time is <I

>synthesis</I

>, <IMG

SRC="/giflibrary/12/ldquo.gif"

BORDER="0">the dialectic combination of thesis and antithesis into a higher stage of truth<IMG SRC="/giflibrary/12/rdquo.gif"

BORDER="0"> (<I

>Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary</I

>, [<A

HREF="#BIB24"

>2004</A

>]). This dictionary definition reflects the alternative viewpoints that often occur when multiple empirical studies explore the same phenomena. The synthesis activity results in an overall finding&nbsp;-&nbsp;a higher stage of truth&nbsp;-&nbsp;which scientists achieve by …

first phase pre processing
First phase pre-processing

></TABLE>

<P>Scientists engage in the discovery process more than any other user population, yet their day-to-day activities are often elusive. … The development of accurate models often requires that a scientist resolve conflicting evidence.</P>

<P>One activity that consumes much of a scientists' time is <I>synthesis</I>, <IMG SRC="/giflibrary/12/ldquo.gif” BORDER="0">the dialectic combination of thesis and antithesis into a higher stage of truth<IMG SRC="/giflibrary/12/rdquo.gif“ BORDER="0"> (<I>Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary</I>, [<A HREF="#BIB24">2004</A>]). This dictionary definition reflects the alternative viewpoints that often occur when multiple empirical studies explore the same phenomena. The synthesis activity results in an overall finding&nbsp;-&nbsp;a higher stage of truth&nbsp;-&nbsp;which scientists achieve by …

OLD: <IMG SRC="/giflibrary/12/ldquo.gif” BORDER="0">

NEW: ”

OLD: <IMG SRC="/giflibrary/12/ldquo.gif” BORDER="0">

NEW: “

OLD: (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary

[<A HREF="#BIB24">2004</A>])

NEW: _BIB_24

second phase pre processing
Second phase pre-processing
  • Add Identifiers
    • break paragraphs into sentences
    • Add document, section, paragraph, sentence IDs
  • Replacements
    • symbols , references
  • Output:

Identifiers|One activity that consumes much of a scientists' time is synthesis “the dialectic combination of thesis and antithesis into a higher stage of truth” _BIB_24.

Identifiers|This dictionary definition reflects the alternative viewpoints that often occur when multiple empirical studies explore the same phenomena.

text analytics
Clustering

Categorization

Association Rules

IBM Intelligent Miner

for text (Clustering)

SAS Text Miner

(Association Rules)

Text Analytics
visualization
Visualization

NCI-funded research 1995-2001

embedded roles24
Embedded Roles
  • Workflow
  • Deep understanding
    • Data formats
    • Access norms
    • Reward structures
  • Custom pre-processing
closing remarks
Closing Remarks
  • Not everyone will have every skill
  • Existing skills that will remain critical
    • Strong ties to faculty
    • Strong negotiating skills
    • Knowledge of standards and resources
  • The roles exist, its not clear where they will live within an institution

The ability to think like someone within a discipline