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INMARSAT. CONTENTS. About INMARSAT INMARSAT Technology - INMARSAT Satellites - INMARSAT Network - INMARSAT Terminals Partners of INMARSAT INMARSAT Land Mobile Communications INMARSAT Maritime Communications INMARSAT Aeronautical Communications Using the INMARSAT Terminal.

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contents
CONTENTS
  • About INMARSAT
  • INMARSAT Technology

- INMARSAT Satellites

- INMARSAT Network

- INMARSAT Terminals

  • Partners of INMARSAT
  • INMARSAT Land Mobile Communications
  • INMARSAT Maritime Communications
  • INMARSAT Aeronautical Communications
  • Using the INMARSAT Terminal
about inmarsat
ABOUT INMARSAT

Communication of 3Cs:

- Convenient

- Connective

- Competitive

  • Established in 1979; internally owned by a consortium of 85 member countries
  • Headquarters in London
    • INMARSAT Group Holdings Ltd.
    • International Mobile Satellite Organization (IMSO)
  • Customers: Merchant Shipping, Fisheries, Airlines, Disaster Management, Land Transport, Oil & Gas, News & Media, Business executives etc.
inmarsat satellites
INMARSAT SATELLITES

The entire INMARSAT network operates through a constellation of 9 geo-stationary satellites.

Geo-Stationary Satellite:Orbits in an equatorial plane at exactly the same angular velocity as that of earth’s rotational speed; appears to be fixed at a specific point in the sky when viewed from the earth.

(Distance from surface of the Earth = 35,784 Kms)

Advantage:

INMARSAT users need not to switch satellites throughout the world.

inmarsat satellite coverage6
INMARSAT SATELLITE COVERAGE

Indian Ocean Region (IOR) or F1: 64 Deg East

Atlantic Ocean Region – East (AOR – E) or F2: 15.5 Deg. West

inmarsat satellite coverage7
INMARSAT SATELLITE COVERAGE

Pacific Ocean Region (POR) or F3: 178 Deg East

Atlantic Ocean Region – West (AOR – W) or F4: 54 Deg. West

inmarsat satellite control
INMARSAT SATELLITE CONTROL
  • Satellite Control Centre (SCC) at HQ, London
  • FOUR Tracking, Telemetry & Control (TT&C) Earth-Stations:

- Fucino, Italy

- Beijing, China

- Lake Cowichan, Western Canada

- Pennant Point, Eastern Canada

- EIK, Norway (backup Earth-Station)

inmarsat satellite generations
INMARSAT SATELLITE GENERATIONS

III-Generation INMARSAT:I - 3 Story of Spot Beams

IV-Generation INMARSAT:I - 4 Gateway to Broadband

I-4 satellites are capable of delivering Broadband Global Area Network (BGAN) for Internet & Intranet content solution, video-on-demand, video-conferencing, fax, email, phone and LAN access at speeds up to 432 kbps almost anywhere in the world.

inmarsat network
INMARSAT NETWORK

Linked to terrestrial telecom infra-structure through a worldwide network of 32 Land Earth Stations (LES) located in more than 28 countries in the world.

Ground Earth Station

inmarsat network11
INMARSAT NETWORK

OCEAN REGION 1

OCEAN REGION 2

LES

LES

MOBILE TERMINAL

NOC

MOBILE TERMINAL

NCS

NCS

inmarsat terminal types services
INMARSAT TERMINAL TYPES & SERVICES
  • INMARSAT – A
  • INMARSAT – B
  • INMARSAT – C
  • INMARSAT – Mini-C
  • INMARSAT – M
  • INMARSAT – Mini-M
  • INMARSAT – D+
  • INMARSAT – E / E+
inmarsat a
INMARSAT –A
  • Analog Technology
  • Provides two-way direct-dial high-quality voice, fax, telex, e-mail & 9.6 - 64 Kbps data communication
  • Application: Maritime (GMDSS), News, Broadcasting, Energy & Exploration, Power, Oil- rigs, Offshore drill, Oil & Gas.
inmarsat b
INMARSAT – B
  • Digital Technology
  • Digital quality voice, telex, data, e-mail, group-3 fax, data, multiple channels, compressed & delayed video transmission using high-speed secure data connectivity
  • Application:Data transfer, Internet, LAN & Private Network Access, crew calling, encryption, video conferencing, store-and-forward video, remote monitoring, chart & weather updates, tele-medicine & GMDSS
inmarsat c mini c
INMARSAT – C / Mini-C

INMARSAT – C

  • Capable of highly secure two-way telex, email & data
  • Vessel, Vehicle, Aircraft compatible with GMDSS & meets SSAS
  • Distress-alerting
  • Applications: Enhanced group call, Two-way messaging, Data reporting & polling, Position report, Safety / emergency alerting, Global Maritime Distress & Safety System (GMDSS), Internet & E-mail

INMARSAT – Mini - C

  • Offers same functions as INMARSAT-C
  • Two-way store-and-forward data service, messaging, e-mail & position reporting
  • Applications: Data transfer, e-mail, SMS, remote monitoring, tracking & maritime security
inmarsat d
INMARSAT – D+
  • Two-way data communication service with an integral GPS.
  • Meets SSAS
  • Application: Data transfer, remote monitoring & tracking
inmarsat m
INMARSAT – M
  • Digital technology, provides duplex voice, fax, data & e-mail
  • Bonding Cable: Connecting two World Communicators with a bonding cable, data rates increased from 64 to128 kbps.
inmarsat mini m
INMARSAT – Mini - M
  • Provides high quality voice, fax, data (up to 9.6 kbps)
  • STU-III encrypted voice, call forwarding, SIM card capability
  • Applications:Data transfer, e-mail, fax, crew-calling, encryption & Tele-medicine
inmarsat mini m19
INMARSAT – Mini – M

PORTABLE:

RF Trans-receiver build onto the Top-Cover.

MARINE:

A tracking antenna designed for marine application-Coastal vessel version equipped with Gyro-stabilized antenna platforms

LAND VOYAGER:

A tracking antenna designed for Vehicle/ Trains/River boats.

inmarsat mini m20
INMARSAT – Mini - M

PROVIDENT:

High-gain fixed large antenna versions for Land Mobile application.

EXPANDER:

One Meter parabolic Dish antenna for multiple use.

AERO:

Intended for small & medium size aircraft.

inmarsat mini m21
INMARSAT – Mini - M

Customers:Journalists,

Diplomats, Aid workers,

Business people, Coastal

Patrols, emergency back-

up services & Disaster Management

inmarsat e e
INMARSAT – E / E+
  • INMARSAT- E:

Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon (EPIRB) transmits Distress alerts when the unit floats free from a sinking vessel or when activated manually and are forwarded automatically to a maritime rescue co-ordination centre within the ship’s locality.

  • INMARSAT- E+: Has a key return channel to the EPIRB which sends a confirmation to the seafarer that their alert has been received.
  • Application: GMDSS
global area network gan
GLOBAL AREA NETWORK (GAN)
  • Enhanced version of Mini-M (M4)
  • Supports Mobile ISDN & Mobile Packet Data Service
  • Mobile ISDN: Circuit-Switched 64 Kbps channel for large file transfer & more demanding applications.
  • MPDS: Makes users share the channels in a satellite Spot-beam.

Advantage – Always-on Internet and payment only for amount of data transferred.

regional bgan rbgan
REGIONAL BGAN (RBGAN)
  • High-speed IP data service (up to 144 kbps)
  • Always on plug-and-play data communication
  • The smallest and lightest terminal - ever
  • Mobile satellite data transfer up to 3 times the speed of GPRS, usage cost up to 40% cheaper
  • Complete Flexibility
bgan coverage
BGAN COVERAGE

Network coverage in 99 countries

partners of inmarsat
PARTNERS OF INMARSAT
  • Land Earth Station Operators:

Responsible for running Gateways that connect the end-user to terrestrial networks via INMARSAT.

  • Service Providers:

Offer end-user billing & activation services.

  • Distribution Partners:

Primary distributors of RBGAN services thus necessitating to take care of gateway by INMARSAT.

  • Manufacturers:

Play crucial role in delivering INMARSAT services by offering reliable, robust & easy to use hardware.

  • Application Developers:

Integrate INMARSAT-based software solutions into customers existing business.

  • Alliances:

INMARSAT is forming alliances with global blue-chip organizations having strategic synergy to offer market-driven network & application-based solutions coupled with security, affordability & speed.

customer support
CUSTOMER SUPPORT

INMARSAT Customer Support is available on 24 x 7 basis from LESOs / DPs / NOC to achieve network availability of 99.99% for delivering business critical solutions.

inmarsat land mobile communications
INMARSAT LAND MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
  • INMARSAT provides fast, reliable & efficient communication solution almost instantly.
  • VOICE, FAX, DATA TRANSFER, NETWORKING, VIDEO, MONITORING, TRACKING & CONTROL
military communication encrypted field communications
MILITARY COMMUNICATION(ENCRYPTED FIELD COMMUNICATIONS)

Developed by Kongsberg Defence Communications and Sectra, the NSK200 handset is a combined DECT & GSM telephone, based on the NATO-approved EINRIDE encryption algorithm. In addition to secure voice the NSK200 can also connect to a computer for data transfer.

INMARSAT World Communicator is compatible with the NSK200.

inmarsat marine communications
INMARSAT MARINE COMMUNICATIONS

SEAFARERS TRUST INMARSAT WITH THEIR LIVES

INMMARSAT satellites instantly and reliably connect rescue centres with sea faring vessels in distress around the world. The availability of world’s most reliable & flexible system for commercial & safety communication is the ultimate bonus.

marine communications
MARINE COMMUNICATIONS

CREW CALLING:

Voice & E-mail services to reach out home & family.

FLEET TRACKING:

Vessel operators can use INMARSAT terminals equipped with integrated GPS functionality for automatic tracking & vessel position reporting.

marine communications33
MARINE COMMUNICATIONS

VESSEL MANAGEMENT:

Modern commercial vessels

multi-million dollar floating assets; require operation & effective management through

efficient Maintenance.

marine communications34
MARINE COMMUNICATIONS

TELEMEDICINE:Seriously- ill persons can get access to Doctor on land for diagnosis/expert analysis

SECURITY & SAFETY: Ships fitted with INMARSAT terminal can access security information such as piracy alerts to access to covert security alarms against piracy.

marine communications35
MARINE COMMUNICATIONS
  • NAVIGATION:

Weather reports & chart updates are delivered via INMARSAT to vessels regularly.

global maritime distress safety system gmdss
GLOBAL MARITIME DISTRESS & SAFETY SYSTEM (GMDSS)
  • International system to ensure alerting of rescue authorities in the event of a marine distress
  • Cargo ships of 300 gross tons & upwards and passenger ships on international voyages must be shipped with GMDSS standard equipment.

SEA ZONES / AREAS

  • Area A1: within VHF range; Carry VHF & INMARSAT
  • Area A2: Beyond A1 but within MF range; Carry VHF, MF & INMARSAT
  • Area A3: Beyond A1 & A2 but within coverage of geo-stationary maritime communication satellites (roughly 82 deg North & 82 deg South);Carry INMARSAT, VHF & MF
  • Area A4: Remaining Sea Areas; Carry HF, MF & VHF
inmarsat s role in gmdss
INMARSAT’S ROLE IN GMDSS

INMARSAT – A, B, C & F-77:

Initiated at the press of a dedicated button on Ship Earth Station (SES). Distress alert is the routed through LES to an associated RCC ashore.

INMARSAT – E :An L-Band EPIRB transmission between INMARSAT-E & RCC takes less than 2-Minutes.

inmarsat fleet services
INMARSAT FLEET SERVICES

FLEET F-77: Complies to latest distress & safety requirements of International Maritime organization (IMO) resolution for voice pre-emption & prioritization within the Global Maritime Distress & Safety System (GMDSS) for providing Voice, Fax, Mobile ISDN (128 Kbps-data transfer & remote diagnosis) & Mobile Packet Data Service (MPDS).

APPLICATION: Data Transfer, Internet, LAN & Private network access, E-mail, Fax, Instant messaging, SMS, Voice, Crew Calling, Encryption, Video-conferencing, Store-and-forward video, Remote monitoring, chart & weather updates, Tele-Medicine & GMDSS.

inmarsat fleet services39
INMARSAT FLEET SERVICES

Fleet- F-33:

Offers Global telephone, MPDS and enhanced 9.6 Kbps Data & Fax services with INMARSAT Spot-Beam.

FLEET- 55: Uses medium-size antenna, need not to meet IMO regulations & thus do not include GMDSS.

APPLICATION: Data Transfer, Internet, LAN & Private Network Access, E-mail, Fax, Instant messaging, SMS, Voice, Crew Calling, Encryption, Video conferencing , Store-and-forward Video, Remote monitoring, Chart & weather update & Telemedicine.

inmarsat aeronautical solutions
INMARSAT AERONAUTICAL SOLUTIONS

STAY IN CONTACT IN THE AIR WITH INMARSAT

INMARSAT advanced voice & data solutions for passenger, cabin & flight-deck crew and air-borne command & control are specifically designed for private, business & government aviation.

Advantages of INMARSAT

  • Radar surveillance of remote airspace possible
  • Not limited to line-of-sight range (VHF radio)
  • ATC over oceans & wilderness regions
inmarsat aeronautical solutions41
INMARSAT AERONAUTICAL SOLUTIONS

Flight Deck Solutions

  • Efficient ATC
  • Airline Information Systems
  • Distress Communications
inmarsat aeronautical solutions42
INMARSAT AERONAUTICAL SOLUTIONS

Command & Control Solutions

  • Secure
  • Same Antenna
inmarsat aero services
INMARSAT AERO SERVICES
  • SWIFT-64: based on GAN technology, offers Mobile ISDN, MPDS connectivity at a data rate of 64 Kbps for voice, fax & data
  • AERO-H: Original INMARSAT voice & data service system, supports multi-channel voice, fax & data up to 9.6 Kbps in global (hemi-spherical)
  • AERO-H+: Evolution of Aero-H; uses high-power spot beams.
  • AERO-I: smaller & cheaper terminal uses spot beam bringing multi-channel voice, fax & data up to 4.8 Kbps
  • AERO-L: low-speed (600 bps) real-time data for airtime ATC, operation & administration.
  • AERO-Mini-M: Single-channel voice, fax & data up to 2.4 Kbps for small corporate aircraft & general aviation
  • AERO-C: INMARSAT-C, low data rate system allows non-safety related text or data messages on a a store-and-forward basis for general aviation & military aircraft; transmitted packet-by-packet, reassembled & delivered in non-real-time.
safety communications cns atm strategy
SAFETY COMMUNICATIONSCNS/ATM Strategy

Controller-Pilot Data Link

  • Automatic Dependent Surveillance (ADS)
  • Controller/Pilot Data Link Communications (CPDLC)

Satellite Navigation

  • Services currently provided by US GPS & Russian Glonass Military Systems and future addition will be Europe’s Civil System, Galileo.
  • The Ground Earth Stations monitor the GPS signals & send the resulting information to one or more Master Control Stations. The differential GPS information modulated into a GPS-like signal and up-linked to the navigation transponders, which broadcast them to aviation users.

Air Traffic Organization:

  • CNS/ATM : ICAO, US Federal Aviation
  • Administration : UK National Air Traffic
  • Services : EUROCONTROL, Nav. Canada, Air Services Australia
enabling technologies
ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES
  • Data Acceleration

Swift-64 can offer up to FOUR simultaneous 64 Kbps channels and can be “bonded” to produce 256 Kbps which can be boosted to more than 0.5 Mbps by data acceleration technologies.

  • Voice Multiplexing

V100 multiplexer from Vocality International UK allows up to EIGHT simultaneous phone conversations on Swift- 64 Mobile ISDN (64 Kbps). It uses data compression & dynamic bandwidth allocation to slice single Swift-64 channel into multiple voice channels.

calling with inmarsat
CALLING WITH INMARSAT
  • Calling from an INMARSAT Terminal:

Stage-1 – Set up communication ch. between your terminal & LESO in your location

Stage-2 – Establish a communication ch. from LESO via the international telephone network …….. Then, Dial 00 + country code + subscriber no.

  • Calling to an INMARSAT Terminals:(Phone, Fax or Telex)

Dial International dialling code + INMARSAT satellite code + INMARSAT mobile no.

REGIONSATELLITE CODE FOR

PHONE/FAXTELEX

AOR-E 871 581

POR 871 582

IOR 873 583

AOR-W 874 584

TELEX:

Stage 1 – Set up communication channel

Stage 2 – Establish a communication ch.from the LESO via the international telex network

e mail service
E-MAIL SERVICE

Internet Message Service (IMS) allows a max. of 1024 characters to be sent. Messages are addressed to a IMN (INMARSAT Mobile Number- an unique 9-digit number which identifies each port of the terminal).

SETUP FOR SENDING MAIL

User Name : …………

IMS Centre(Code) : ………….

OUT BOX MESSAGE DETAILS

To : tcil@tcil-india.com

Subject : HAVE A NICE DAY

SENDING DETAILS

IMS Centre : ……………..

SENDING MESSAGE

Calling IMS Centre at: …

IMN number of the IMS service must have been entered in to the terminal to allow communication - Mail)

Sending E-mail to an INMARSAT:Only e-mail address is needed, exception being INMARSAT-C (required to register with INMARSAT service provider of the region).