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INDUSTRY INFORMATION DEFINITON: INDUSTRY A group of productive or profit-making enterprises or organizations that have a similar technological structure of production and that produce or supply technically substitutable goods, services, or sources of income. (poultry…, the automobile… retail…)

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slide1

INDUSTRY INFORMATION

  • DEFINITON: INDUSTRY
    • A group of productive or profit-making enterprises or organizations that have a similar technological structure of production and that produce or supply technically substitutable goods, services, or sources of income. (poultry…, the automobile… retail…)
  • *OL = Indu,endo – within; struus – structure

INLS 227 Spring 2005

industry
INDUSTRY
  • Government creates Industry Sectors
  • Government creates SIC/NAICS codes
  • Industries fall in between the sectors and codes and are made up of:
  • companies with product or service in common
  • SIC, NAICS numbers ( which companies assign)
  • Each financial service has own list of industries: Mergent, Value Line, S&P, D&B, LexisNexis
slide3

Industry Sectors“Information”

“Broadcasting Industry”

51511Radio broadcasting

51512

Television broadcasting

NAICS or SIC’s

Companies

slide5

PRACTICE…

  • Find what you think is your Industry Sector http://www.census.gov/epcd/ec02/guide.html
  • Open window to Economic Census thru www.census.gov
    • Go to NAICS listing and find one or two 2002 NAIC’s codes for your industry.
    • Find corresponding SIC number.
    • Have there been changes in your particular NAICS codes from 1997 to 2002?
what do you do with industry information
What do you do with Industry Information?
  • Can’t buy stock in Industry
  • Can’t start an Industry
  • Can’t buy products from an Industry
what can you do with industry information
What can you do with Industry Information?
  • Analyze economy – an indicator of development
  • Analyze key operating ratios between, within industries
  • Compare company ratios to industry ratio for norms and benchmarks
  • Target sales
  • Use for business to business marketing
  • Monitor business activity
  • Discover market share
slide8

ratioOne value divided by another. The result is representative of the value of one quantity in terms of the other.Financial ratiosor indexes are used to evaluate a firm's or an industry's financial condition. Often they are used to judge the investment suitability of a particular company. One firm's ratios can be compared to its own past performance and/or to the performance of the industry as a whole. Financial ratios are calculated from the figures given in the firm's annual financial statement.

slide9

FINANCIAL RATIOS

price/earnings ratio, quick ratio, loan-value ratio, advertising sales ratio, asset/equity ratio, bid-to-cover ratio, book-to-bill ratio, cash ratio, cash asset ratio, common stock ratio, conversion ratio, coverage ratio, current ratio, debt ratio, debt/equity ratio, exercise ratio, expense ratio, fixed-charge coverage ratio, forward P/E, trailing P/E, PEG ratio, income replacement ratio, members' short sale ratio, mint ratio, net capital ratio, odd lot buy/sell ratio, operating ratio, payout ratio, price to book ratio, price to cash flow ratio, price to sales ratio, put/call ratio, short interest ratio, theta, turnover, constant ratio plan, high-ratio mortgage, multiple, relative volatility, variable ratio write, exclusion ratio

ratios
Ratios
  • Operating and Financial ratios
  • Investment – analyze for buying into stocks, etc
  • Small Business – analyze company or industry
  • Industry Operating Ratios -gov
    • Income Norms
  • Performance Indicators
    • Norms
    • Benchmarks
questions about industry
Questions about Industry
  • Basic
    • Size of industry, $ volume, key companies in the industry
    • What are the SIC or NAICS codes (These help classify and describe industry)

Sources:

Statistical Abstract of the United States

Standard Industrial Classification Manual (SIC)

North American Industrial Classification System Manual (NAICS)

Market Share Reporter (print) TableBase database

practice exercise statistical abstract of the united states
Practice ExerciseStatistical Abstract of the United States
  • Using “Business Enterprise”
    • (one chart) What are the business receipts for your industry sector? Net Income? Estimated number of tax returns?
    • Find number of establishments by NAICS, using closest classification #.
    • Based on the SIC sectors, how does your industry stack up for women, black and Asian & Pacific-Islander ownership?
  • Using Individual Chapters
    • Find one really interesting statistic about your industry
  • Using Labor chapter, for your industry:
    • What are the employment projections for 2008?
questions about industry13
Questions about Industry
  • Current and future state of industry
      • News
      • Trends and forecasts
      • Market Share – Who are the dominant players? Why? What size of the market do they own or influence?
      • What are the key financials that dominate the industry?
      • Trade issues
industry search strategy
Industry Search Strategy
  • Determine Subject Headings / Keywords/Industry Terminology
    • Consult Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, glossaries, journal articles

Example:

    • You are asked to find information about the automobile industry and upcoming regulatory issues which might impact the industry

Try finding words…

example
Example
  • “automobile industry”= automotive, automobiles, motor vehicles, cars, sport utility vehicles, trucks,
  • “regulatory issues” = regulation, legal, laws
  • “impact” = effect, influence

2. Combine with boolean operators:

(automobile industry OR automobiles OR motor vehicles OR cars) and (regulation OR legal OR laws)

practice
Practice…
  • Wall Street Journal

Find one article that discusses latest news in your industry - list citation

  • ABI/IFORM

Using the “Classification Codes” (advanced search) find an article about planning & strategy or some labor issue for your industry. List subject descriptors

  • Business & Company Resource Center

Find your industry’s “Overview.” Notice, rankings and associations…

  • TableBase

Find a market share table with companies listed….

industry search strategy17
Industry Search Strategy

3. Match Questions to Sources

  • Looking for trade information (automobiles, issues, products)
    • Business Source Elite contains more trade journals than ABI-INFORM so maybe start here. But ABI/INFORM lets you narrow to trade journals.
  • Looking for new technologies
    • Trade associationsprovide industries with valuable information about new trends affecting them
  • Looking for regulatory issues in government sources
    • Code of Federal Regulations
    • Federal Register
    • State Regulations
    • News Sources – WSJ, Business Newspapers (Triangle Business Journal)
industry search strategy18
Industry Search Strategy
  • Looking for Industry Overviews
    • Standard & Poor’s Net Advantage
    • Value Line Investment Services
    • Business Source Elite, ABI/INFORM
    • Encyclopedia of American Industries
    • Encyclopedia of Emerging Industries
    • U.S. Industry and Trade Outlook (coming online some day)
industry search strategy19
Industry Search Strategy
  • Looking for News Sources
    • LexisNexis Academic – business news
    • Wall Street Journal
    • Wall Street Transcript
    • Global News Bank
    • News and Observer or local paper
    • Reuters
    • Factiva
industry search strategy20
Industry Search Strategy
  • Looking for Industry Financial and Operating Ratios
    • Industry Norms and Key Business Ratios
    • RMA Annual Statement Studies
    • Statements of Income (SOI) – Corporation Tax Records
    • Trade Associations(especially in retail and wholesale)
    • Within trade and other journal articles
    • Market Research Reports
    • US Gov – US Census, Econ Census, Dept of Commerce
industry search strategy21
Industry Search Strategy

INDUSTRY DATA – production, trade, value of shipments, business activity

Look at the Economic Census --Grouped by Business Activity:

18 CORE INDUSTRY SECTORS

Each has 3 subtitle reports:

1. geographical by state by industry

2. detailed industry by NAICS (SIC) – national totals

3. subject series-specific topics (CIR, Mdse Lines,

Commodity Line Sales, Travel Habits)

Industry Quick Reports, Product Quick Reports and Geography Quick Reports

Zip Code Statistics

industry search strategy22
Industry Search Strategy

INDUSTRY DATA

  • Bureau of Economic Analysis national data by industry
  • Economic Census
  • County Business Patterns economic activity by county level
  • Bureau of Labor Statistics
  • International Trade Administration
  • STAT-USA
practice23
Practice…
  • STAT-USA
    • Using your industry and your country, find a report in GLOBUS/NTDB. If you can’t find both, try one.
  • BEA www.bea.doc.gov
    • Find GDP for your industry
    • Using your birth state, find GSP for your industry.
industry search strategy24
Industry Search Strategy
  • Looking for industry/market reports. overviews
    • Commercial marketing reports - some free
      • Business.com
      • Yahoo! Finance
    • Fee Based marketing research
      • Frost and Sullivan
      • Mintel
      • Datamonitor
industry search strategy25
Industry Search Strategy
  • Looking for trends

Industry can change so quickly. One event can affect industry and economy: Airline Industry and 9/11…

    • S&P Industry Surveys print and Net Advantage
    • S&P Outlook – print and Net Advantage
    • S&P Monthly Investment Review - print and Net Advantage
    • D&B Industry Norms and Key Business Ratios - print
    • US Industry and Trade Outlook - print
    • Value Line Industry Overview
    • News Sources including journals and magazines
    • Association Reports