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I An Not a Scientist I am a Number The Beginnings of a New Contract Between Scientist and Publisher Philip E. Bourne University of California San Diego pbourne@ucsd.edu Bourne & Fink 2008 Editorial PLoS Comp. Biol. 4(12) e1000247 My Bias

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i an not a scientist i am a number the beginnings of a new contract between scientist and publisher

I An Not a Scientist I am a NumberThe Beginnings of a New Contract Between Scientist and Publisher

Philip E. Bourne

University of California San Diego

pbourne@ucsd.edu

Bourne & Fink 2008 Editorial

PLoS Comp. Biol. 4(12) e1000247

Allen Press Seminar 2009

my bias
My Bias
  • I am not an expert in scholarly communication I am a “talker”
  • I co-direct a large public biological database
  • I am an EIC of an open access journal
  • I co-founded a video delivery site
  • I am having a lot of fun in this playground, but I could do with more playmates

Allen Press Seminar 2009

agenda
Agenda
  • The Changing Landscape of a Scientist
    • The scientists workflow
    • The scientists to do list
    • The scientists identity crisis
  • The Role of Publishers in this Changing Landscape – a New Contract with Scientists Perhaps?
    • Support for a new workflow
    • Support for user level metrics and authentication
    • Support for new products

Allen Press Seminar 2009

today s academic workflow
Today’s Academic Workflow

Reviews

Feds

Publishers

Societies

Blogs

Community Service/Data

Curation

Research

[Grants]

Journal

Article

Poster

Session

Conference

Paper

the scientists to do list
The Scientists To Do List

Allen Press Seminar 2009

that do list is changing
That Do List is Changing

Allen Press Seminar 2009

at the same time scientists have an identity crisis
At the Same Time Scientists Have an Identity Crisis
  • Strive to be recognized which means:
    • Strive to be identified
    • Strive to be listened to
    • Strive to be read

Allen Press Seminar 2009

citation tracking
Citation Tracking

Taken from www.researcherid.com

Allen Press Seminar 2009

a collaboration network
A Collaboration Network

Feb 13, 2009 Professional Development Series

http://pubnet.gersteinlab.org/

the metrics and emphasis by which we are measured are changing
The Metrics and Emphasis By Which We Are Measured Are Changing
  • Citations
  • Awards
  • Grants
  • Teaching
  • Reviews
  • Other Community Service
  • Software/Data
  • Blog Postings

Allen Press Seminar 2009

the metrics and emphasis by which we are measured are changing12
The Metrics and Emphasis By Which We Are Measured Are Changing
  • Citations
  • Awards
  • Grants
  • Teaching
  • Reviews
  • Other Community Service
  • Software/Data
  • Blog Postings

Allen Press Seminar 2009

what does this have to do with publishers
What Does this Have to Do with Publishers?
  • Publishers will need to better identify and authenticate scientists
  • Publishers will need to support and identify new metrics
  • The contract between publisher and scientist may start to change

Allen Press Seminar 2009

a unique identifier is going to happen
A Unique Identifier is Going to Happen
  • It is DOIs for people
  • Some scientists will resist
  • The winner is not clear yet:
    • OpenID
    • ResearcherID
    • ScopusID
    • CrossReg
ideally the id will be tagged to every piece of scholarly communication

Ideally the ID will be tagged to every piece of scholarly communication

Allen Press Seminar 2009

how this might work for authors
How This Might Work for Authors

Central

authentication server

validates the authors

Scientist

submits a paper

through the JMS

using an existing or

newly requested ID

Publisher uniquely

Identifies the authors

and provides author

related statistics

Allen Press Seminar 2009

how this might work for authors17
How This Might Work for Authors

Represents a new

contract between

author and publisher

Central

authentication server

validates the authors

Scientist

submits a paper

through the JMS

using an existing or

newly requested ID

Publisher uniquely

Identifies the authors

and provides author

related statistics

Allen Press Seminar 2009

authentication service
Authentication Service
  • Provides multi – level access
  • Provides profile information
  • Provides centralized CV service
  • Has too much information?
  • Is subject to attack?
  • Could be abused?

Allen Press Seminar 2009

with a unique and complete identity in cyberspace new metrics might emerge

With a Unique and Complete Identity in Cyberspace New Metrics Might Emerge

Consider one crazy idea..

Allen Press Seminar 2009

what if the value of that knowledge could be weighted according to the authority of the source

What If…the value of that knowledge could be weighted according to the authority of the source

20

first you have to identify the source
First You Have to Identify the Source

http://www.researcherid.com

http://openid.net

What if … the value of that knowledge could be weighted

according to the authority of the source

how do we weight the various knowledge sources
How Do we Weight the Various Knowledge Sources?
  • Peer reviewed literature
  • Reviews (papers, grants, proceedings)
  • Blog postings
  • Database entries

What if … the value of that knowledge could be weighted

according to the authority of the source

how do we weight the various knowledge sources23
How Do we Weight the Various Knowledge Sources?
  • SF = (H Factor + (Grant, Manuscript Reviews/20) + (Annotations,Datasets/5) + (Wiki, Blog Entries/50)  
  • All these values need to be authenticated against the specified scholar – enter tokens

Allen Press Seminar 2009

issues of the scholar factor
Issues of the Scholar Factor
  • Might take off since scientists would want to review etc from an organization providing tokens
  • Some (many scientists will find the idea distasteful)
  • Might get more depositions to public repositories
  • Scientists might support community annotation more if there is a reward
  • The quality of annotation would improve
  • The notion of hubs would be enriched

Allen Press Seminar 2009

tomorrows research contract
Tomorrows Research Contract

The research product will be different

The relationship between scientist and publisher will be different

The publisher could be a warehouse for the workflow of scientific endeavor not just a repository for one type of end product

Allen Press Seminar 2009

25

publishers as a contractor for all aspects of scholarly output
Publishers as a Contractor for All Aspects of Scholarly Output

Data

Scientist

Idea

Product

Experiment

tomorrows research contract evidence
Tomorrows Research Contract: Evidence
  • Publishers hubs:
    • Elsevier portals
    • PLoS collections
  • Data hubs
  • Open Access/open review e.g. Biology Direct
  • NIH Roadmap requires data be accessible
  • New Resources:
    • www.researchgate.net
    • MetaLab (Borya Shakhnovich)
slide28

pbourne@ucsd.edu

Questions?

Allen Press Seminar 2009