Fire Service Pre – Incident Planning. “ Before We Respond”. Peter Vlahos, Lieutenant Bloomfield Twp. Fire Department (MI). Objective.
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“Before We Respond”
Peter Vlahos, Lieutenant
Bloomfield Twp. Fire Department (MI)
To gain a basic understanding of the importance and purpose of pre-incident planning and how to conduct a thorough pre-incident inspection of a given target hazard in his/her community.
Pre-incident Plan- A systematic method of gathering and recording facts for the purpose of problem identification / analysis and information retrieval.
Reasons for Pre-incident planning:
3. Identify Fire Department Limitations
4. Access to right information at right time
5. Aids in speed of decision making
6. Reduces guesswork based on lack of or poor information.
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 1620 - Recommended Practice for Pre-Incident Planning:
Recommended practice which addresses the protection, construction, and operational features of specific occupancies to develop pre-incident plans for use by responders to manage fires and other emergencies using available resources. Pre-incident planning involves evaluating the protection systems, building construction, contents, and operating procedures that can impact emergency operations.
Types of Pre-incident plans:
2. Floor plan – detailed interior diagram, including:
3. Plot plan – drawing that displays an outline of target buildings and surrounding area:
1. Make appointment – state purpose as information gathering 2. Approaching Building a. Exposures b. hydrant / water locations c. road access to site 3. Exterior Inspection a. construction / dimensions b. fire escape / stairway c. Fire department connection (FDC) d. Means of egress / ingress e. Obstructions
4. Interview owner / manager/ occupant(s) a. Explain purpose of visit b. Nature of occupancy/contact information/hours c. Number / location of people d. Contents e. Handicapped 5. Roof inspection a. Building layout b. Construction c. Exposure problems from roof vantage point d. Firewall location and condition e. Methods of ventilation
6. Interior Inspection a. Each floor - sketch of all pertinent findings - Utilities, EXITS, fire department equipment access b. Attic Area – note construction c. Life Hazard 1. Types of fire loads 2. Hazardous Materials 3. Storage Locations d. Extinguishing and alarm systems
7. Conclusion a. Review all information- research any information that may be unfamiliar. b. Estimate and discuss potential fire problem(s) c. Determine strategies and tactics d. Review all information with all employees and shifts e. Organize information into a usable form f. Update and maintain files g. Keep information available for use at emergencies 1. Pre-Incident Plan Book 2. On Board computers 3. Dispatch Centers
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH FIREFIGHTER FATALITY REPORTS(NIOSH) (click on each NIOSH Recommendation for pdf report)
2/21/06 Alabama- Two Firefighters killed when struck by wall collapseNIOSH Recommendation#2 of 4 “Conduct pre-incident planning and inspections of building within their jurisdiction to facilitate development of safe fire ground strategies and tactics.” (F2006-07)
8/27/06 New York- Two Firefighters killed in commercial building floor collapse NIOSH Recommendation#1 of 2 “Consider the possibility of substandard structures when building information is not available from pre-incident plan.” (F2006-27)
12/30/06 Texas Firefighter killed by awning in commercial fireNIOSH Recommendation#3 of 10 “Conduct pre-incident planning and inspections of building within their jurisdiction to facilitate development of safe fire ground strategies and tactics.” (F2007-01)
PENDING Firefighter fatality reports (NIOSH)
3/7/2008 Salisbury, N.C.- Two Firefighters killed in Millwork fire: http://www.wsoctv.com/news/15525002/detail.html
7/6/2008 Teague, TX- Fire Chief killed from wall collapse:
8/18/2008 New York, NY-Two Firefighters killed in commercial building fire: http://www.cnn.com/2007/US/08/18/nyc.fire/index.html
6/18/2008 Charleston, S.C.,Nine Firefighters killed in furniture store fire:http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/06/19/national/main2947210.shtml
Bradford Rodney “Brad” Baity Engineer 19
Louis Mark Mulkey Captain 15
Melvin Edward Champaign Firefighter 16
Theodore Michael Benke / Captain 16
James “Earl” Allen Drayton / Firefighter 19
Brandon Kenyon Thompson Firefighter 5
Mark Wesley Kelsey / Captain 5
Michael Jonathon Alan French Engineer 5
William H. “Billy” Hutchinson, III Captain 19