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FAO Biosecurity Toolkit STDF Workshop on SPS Capacity Evaluation Tools 31 st March 2008, Geneva Roadmap Introduction What is Biosecurity? Guide to Assess Biosecurity Capacity How the guide is being used by FAO Benefits of applying the guide in Bhutan Introduction

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fao biosecurity toolkit

FAO Biosecurity Toolkit

STDF Workshop on SPS Capacity Evaluation Tools

31st March 2008, Geneva

  • Introduction
  • What is Biosecurity?
  • Guide to Assess Biosecurity Capacity
  • How the guide is being used by FAO
  • Benefits of applying the guide in Bhutan

Biosecurity is emerging as one of the most

pressing issues of global importance

  • Globalization
  • Increased movement of people, agricultural and food products across borders
  • Emergence and spread of transboundary diseases
  • New agricultural production and processing technologies
  • Greater attention to biodiversity, sustainable agriculture and environment
  • Growing membership of World Trade Organization
  • Increased public awareness about sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) issues
  • Move to enhance coordination among national bodies (SPS measures)
  • Some countries adopted an integrated approach to biosecurity (New Zealand, Belize, Norway, Canada, Finland)
  • Most countries still managing biosecurity along traditional sector-oriented lines

– lack of strategic focus, inefficient use of scarce resources and less optimal result

  • FAO developed Biosecurity Toolkit - guidance and tools to assist developing countries in adopting more coherent and holistic approach to biosecurity
fao biosecurity toolkit5
FAO Biosecurity Toolkit
  • Practical guidance and support to develop and implement national biosecurity framework
  • Framework to identify cross-cutting biosecurity capacity needs to address gaps inherent in a purely sectoral approach
  • Presents benefits of a harmonized and integrated approach to biosecurity

Part 1: Biosecurity Principles and Components

Part 2: Guide to Assess Biosecurity Capacity

Part 3: Overview and Framework Manual for Biosecurity Risk Analysis

what is biosecurity
What is biosecurity?

A strategic and integrated approach that encompasses policy and regulatory framework for analyzing and managing relevant risks to human, animal and plant life and health, and associated risks to the environment

biosecurity a new concept
Biosecurity – a new concept?


  • National programmes are already in place to prevent, control and manage sectoral risks to life and health (food safety, animal health, plant health, protection of environment, etc.)


  • A cross-cutting and strategic approach that takes advantage of linkages and synergies across sectors is new
changing approaches to biosecurity
Changing approaches to biosecurity



  • Limited attention to interdisciplinary and cross-cutting issues
  • Contradictions, duplication and gaps in policies, laws, etc.
  • Lack of strategic focus
  • Inefficient use of available resources
  • Sectors collaborate towards common goals
  • Harmonization of policies, laws and regulations
  • Joint priority-setting, resource allocation, monitoring, etc.
  • Improved ability to achieve mandates


  • Convergence of human, animal and plant and environmental health issues
  • Existence of hazards/diseases with potential to move across sectors
  • Breakdown in security at one point in the chain can have consequences for the rest of the food chain
guide to assess biosecurity capacity
Guide to Assess Biosecurity Capacity

Step-by-step guidance to:

  • assess cross-cutting biosecurity capacity needs
  • pinpoint areas for improvement
  • identify means to achieve future goals
  • formulate biosecurity strategies and capacity building action plans
biosecurity capacity
Biosecurity capacity

… the ability of relevant organizations to perform functions effectively, efficiently and sustainably in order to:

  • protect human, animal and plant life and health
  • protect associated aspects of the environment and contribute to its sustainable use
what does biosecurity capacity encompass
What does biosecurity capacity encompass?
  • Policies
  • Legislation – laws and regulations
  • Organizational arrangements
  • Communication and information exchange
  • Sector organizations with capability to deliver core biosecurity functions (e.g. inspection, diagnostic services, quarantine, etc.)
how does the guide work
How does the Guide work?
  • Promotes an interdisciplinary and participatory approach
  • Focuses on cross-sectoral functions
  • Complements sector assessment tools
  • Offers a process rather than a solution
  • Presents country examples and reviews various options to strengthen capacity
  • Provides practical tips and suggestions to support use
process 7 steps
Process - 7 steps

Step 1: Obtain high level support

Step 2: Agree on purpose, scope, process

Step 3: Profile biosecurity context

Step 4: Assess existing biosecurity capacity

Step 5: Develop a shared vision of desired future biosecurity

Step 6: Identify capacity needs

Step 7: Generate options to address them

getting started
Getting started

Step 1: Obtain high-level support

- Biosecurity cuts across different agencies

- Need to convince policy and decision-makers

- Essential to establish biosecurity as a national

priority and ensure cross-sectoral collaboration and participation

Step 2: Agree on the purpose, scope and process

- Ensure transparency about why the assessment is being carried out and reduce the likelihood of misunderstandings

- Make best use of available resources (human, financial, time)

situation analysis
Situation analysis

Step 3: Profile the biosecurity context at the country level

  • Examine the context for biosecurity at the national level
  • Biosecurity issues, general needs, prevailing challenges and opportunities
  • Influenced by geography, environment, climate, economy system, trade, borders, etc
  • Context shape biosecurity goals, programmes and activities
situation analysis17
Situation analysis

Step 4: Assess existing biosecurity capacity

  • Examine current situation of biosecurity capacity and performance –identify strengths and weakness
  • Ensure capacity building activities are tailored to country conditions
  • Provide broad framework focus on:

- overall biosecurity system (policy, legal, regulatory, organizational arrangements)

- Delivery and performance of core functions

- Linkages and interdependencies across sector

developing shared vision of the desired future
Developing shared vision of the desired future

Step 5: Describe the desired future situation of biosecurity

  • Developing vision and goals
  • What outcomes are expected of the biosecurity system?
  • How should biosecurity outcomes be enhanced in the future?
  • What would the biosecurity system achieve as a whole if it worked effectively and maximized potential cross-sectoral gains?
identifying capacity needs and options to address them

what is needed?

The Present

The Future

Identifying capacity needs and options to address them

Step 6: Identify capacity needed to reach desired future

Step 7: Generate options to address identified needs

  • Several options available (far-reaching to more conventional, incremental change)
  • Different options suit different countries
  • Some options can be pursued simultaneously
  • Deciding on most appropriate options leads to capacity building strategy and action plan
examples of options
Examples of options

Biosecurity policy framework

  • Harmonize sector policies
  • Formulate new biosecurity policy
  • Adopt a regional approach to policy formulation

Legal framework for biosecurity

  • Harmonize existing sector legislation
  • Draft a new biosecurity law
examples of options cont
Examples of options (cont.)

Institutional framework

  • Improve coordination between agencies involved
  • Identify lead agency for biosecurity
  • Create a new biosecurity agency

Delivery of core functions

  • Involve third parties in delivery of services
  • Apply cost-recovery model
  • Used shared infrastructure
  • Develop shared training programmes, etc.
how the guide is being used fao
How the Guide is being used -FAO
  • Assess biosecurity capacity needs under the FAO/Norway Cooperation Programme
  • Facilitate national stakeholder workshops on an integrated biosecurity approach
  • As a resource for training
  • Support project formulation (FAO, STDF)
how the guide is being used fao23
How the Guide is being used -FAO
  • Biosecurity need assessment has been carried out in Nepal, Bhutan, Panama and Haiti
  • STDF funded project in Nepal - focus on HRD
  • Develop National Action Plan, Biosecurity Policy and country situation report for Bhutan
training of trainers workshops on biosecurity
Training of Trainers workshops on Biosecurity

Rome, Italy

22-25 January 2008

21 Participants from 14 countries

Bangkok, Thailand

28-30 May 2007

31 Participants from 16 countries

Accra, Ghana

30 May - 1 June 2007

27 Participants from15 countries

Santiago, Chile

9-11 May 2007

22 Participants from 10 countries

feedback tot workshops
Feedback -ToT Workshops
  • Integrated approach to biosecurity is relatively new but important
  • There is overlapping and duplication in roles and responsibilities among biosecurity sectors
  • Need to create awareness on the concept in order to enhance coordination and collaboration
  • The toolkit is comprehensive, systematic, relevant and very practical
  • Need for carrying out assessment of biosecurity using the guide
  • Seek assistance from FAO to carry out biosecurity capacity assessment.
application of the toolkit in bhutan
Application of the Toolkit in Bhutan
  • Bhutan has adopted integrated approach to Biosecurity with establishment of Bhutan Agriculture and Food Regulatory Authority (BAFRA) in 2000
  • Designated BAFRA as regulatory authority for food safety, animal and plant health including biosafety
benefits of integrated approach
Benefits of Integrated Approach
  • Strong organizational structure

- all core biosecurity measures administered under single agency - fast and effective means of information exchange, synergies for effective administration and improved coordination of cross-sectoral issues

  • Balanced policy & decision making processes - through the Management Board of BAFRA,
  • Effective utilization of resources amongst various divisions within BAFRA (quarantine, inspection, internal quarantine, food safety assessment and border controls)
  • One-stop shop for processing all permits and certificate
benefits of fao biosecurity guide
Benefits of FAO Biosecurity Guide
  • No assessment of biosecurity capacity was carried out since BAFRA was established
  • Created awareness on importance of adopting integrated approach to biosecurity - National Stakeholders Workshop held in April 2007
  • Application of FAO Biosecurity Toolkit proved very practical and useful
  • A systematic and objective assessment of the Biosecurity capacity needs was done – lead agency as well as stakeholder agencies
  • Develop biosecurity capacity building action plan
  • Developed Biosecurity Policy
developing an action plan
Developing an Action Plan


  • Interviews with concerned stakeholders
  • National stakeholders workshop held in April 2007
  • Drafted on basis of gaps between current situation and vision of improved biosecurity capacity
  • Focuses on needs that cut across the various biosecurity sectors and at different levels
  • Many of these needs concern BAFRA as the regulatory authority for food safety, animal and plant health, and biosafety
developing a biosecurity policy
Developing a Biosecurity Policy


- Changing political scenario – introduction of Parliamentary Democracy

- formalize the integrated approach to biosecurity

- formalize already existing legal and institutional arrangements – lead agency model with BAFRA as the competent authority

- develop shared vision and desired future biosecurity system

developing a biosecurity policy31
Developing a Biosecurity Policy


National Stakeholder Consultative Workshop on Development of National Biosecurity Policy

  • 43 representatives (public, private sectors and BAFRA)
  • Presented to the Management Board for endorsement and submitted for govt. approval
benefits of applying the guide
Benefits of Applying the Guide
  • Greater awareness among stakeholders on integrated approach to biosecurity
  • Developed Biosecurity Policy for Bhutan

- Political and high-level support for biosecurity activities

- framework for improved collaboration among sector agencies

- formalize already existing legal and institutional arrangements

  • Developed National Action Plan

- Clearly identified future goals, needs/gaps and priorities

- greater opportunity to compete for govt. budget allocation

  • Country situation report

- basis for project proposal to be presented to prospective donors