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The EU Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD). Current Scottish progress on implementation Gavin Peart. EPBD – Background. An EU Directive is a set of rules imposed on Member States by the European Parliament It applies to all Member States We can’t avoid implementation in Scotland

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the eu energy performance of buildings directive epbd
The EU Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD)

Current Scottish progress on implementation

Gavin Peart

epbd background
EPBD – Background
  • An EU Directive is a set of rules imposed on Member States by the European Parliament
  • It applies to all Member States
  • We can’t avoid implementation in Scotland
  • The ‘top line’ of this Directive is to ‘promote improvement in energy performance’
epbd set in context
EPBD – Set in context
  • Review of the Scottish Building Standards System – The Building (Scotland) Act 2003
  • Review of Section 6: Energy
  • Housing Act (Single Survey)
  • Scottish Housing Quality Standard (SHQS)
epbd and new scottish system
EPBD and new Scottish System

Review of building standards system:

  • Started before EPBD negotiations
  • Implementation timescale
  • New system essential to EPBD implementation
  • New system started on 1 May 2005
epbd and review of energy stds
EPBD and review of Energy Stds
  • Current functional standards & guidance = level transposition
  • Drivers for the review
  • Consultation on proposed Energy Standards is now underway
epbd and housing act
EPBD and Housing Act
  • Energy certification in consultation
  • ‘Single survey’
epbd and shqs
  • Commitments for 2015
epbd who does what
EPBD – Who does what
  • SBSA – lead for Scotland
  • ODPM BR Division – lead for E & W (assisted by DEFRA)
  • DFP BR Unit – lead for NI
  • ODPM BR Division - negotiate for UK
aims of epbd
Aims of EPBD

Reduce energy use in buildings


  • Meet EU’s Kyoto Protocol commitments

and at same time:

  • Perceptibly increase user comfort

but without requiring:

  • huge additional expenditure


  • Buildings that are not cooled or heated
how will epbd do this
How will EPBD do this?

Member States must:

  • Adopt a methodology
  • Set minimum standards for new build
  • Give consideration to LZC technologies
  • Use minimum standards for renovations
  • Require energy performance certificates
  • Require advice/inspection of boilers & air-con

They are needed for:

  • Setting standards (SAP and SBEM)
  • Generation of energy performance certificates

The types of building:

  • Domestic (SAP)
  • Non-domestic (SBEM)

Directive compliant? - Yes

setting standards
Setting standards
  • No level of energy performance specified for MSs to achieve
  • Review standards at least every 5 years
  • Exempt buildings
  • Reverse engineering

Directive compliant? - Yes

new buildings
New buildings

New build must meet minimum standards:

  • Building regulations & guidance
  • The building standards system

New buildings (1000m2) must take LZC

energy generating technologies, etc. into

account where feasible

  • Output of research on SBSA website

Directive compliant? - Yes

existing buildings
Existing buildings

The EPBD allows 2 options on tackling

renovations in (1000m2) buildings:

  • The renovated systems will need to

meet standards, or

  • The renovated building as a whole

will need to meet standards

First option adopted

Directive compliant? - Yes

next stages
Next stages
  • Notify Europe
  • Consultation
energy performance certificate
Energy performance certificate

The purpose of an EPC is to provide

information to owners, tenants and visitors

Building (Scotland) Act 2003 powers:

  • Require owners to obtain them through enforcement notices
  • Require display in buildings
  • Penalties for non-compliance
  • Register?
epc timetable
EPC Timetable
  • Construction
  • Sale
  • Rental
  • Large public buildings
energy performance certificate1
Energy performance certificate

The EPBD requires an EPC:

  • Construction, sale, rental and displayed at all times in (1000m2) public buildings
  • Consultation
  • Guidance
  • Drafting secondary legislation
  • Certification work
energy performance certificate2
Energy performance certificate

Methodologies – not all finalised – but will


  • SAP
  • SBEM
  • SERT?
  • DSM?

Appearance of EPC not finalised – but

will include:

  • Numeric indicator of performance (CO2)
  • Heating type
  • Energy used
  • A-G banding
  • Benchmarks
  • Cost-effective recommendations
inspection of boilers
Inspection of boilers

Two options:

  • Inspection and offer advice – but independent manner of inspections; or
  • Offer advice (with possibly some inspections) – but there are reporting requirements

Second option proposed – SBSA are working

with EST as a partner organisation

inspection of boilers1
Inspection of boilers

Partner organisation

  • Technical advice to users already drafted
  • Send out advice – target audience
  • Use BSR as resource (+ other avenues)
  • Feedback
inspection of air conditioning
Inspection of air-conditioning

Only one option:

  • Inspection and advice done in an independent manner
  • We set a functional standard and use continuing requirement powers in Building (Scotland) Act 2003
  • Inspection work
summary of implementation
Summary of implementation
  • Have notified Europe about Art. 3,4,5 & 6 and the derogations
  • Public consultation April/May 2006 (12weeks)
  • Submit timetable for derogation of EPCs and boiler/air-con system inspections (Summer 2006)
  • Summer 2006 start boiler advice
summary of implementation1
Summary of implementation
  • Once non-domestic methodology available, commence roll-out of EPCs for public buildings
  • Spring 2007, implement changes to energy standards in Scottish Regs and EPCs for construction
  • 2008?, align with Single Survey and EPCs at sale
  • Jan 2009, EPCs at rental
  • 2007/2008 phased air-con system inspections
key articles
Key Articles

Art 3 Adoption of a methodology

Art 4 Setting energy performance reqmts

Art 5 New buildings (min stds & LZC sys)

Art 6 Existing buildings (renovations)

Art 7 Energy performance certificates

Art 8 Inspection of boilers

Art 9 Inspection of air-conditioning

Art 10 Independent experts