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Dustin Nadeau, Donatas Sumyla, David Deprey and Jaime Rodriguez Bus 411, May 2006. Nike 2003. Nike 2003. Case-Study Overview. Internal: History, Nike overview, Key Facts, Our Brands and Stock Information Nike Actual & Proposed Vision and Mission Economic Performance

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case study overview
Case-Study Overview

Internal:

History, Nike overview, Key Facts, Our Brands and Stock Information

Nike Actual & Proposed Vision and Mission

Economic Performance

Evolution of Financial Ratios

Strengths and weaknesses

Analysis: IFE

External:

Industry overview and comparison of financial ratios

Manufacturing

Opportunities and threats

Analysis: EFE

Competitors

Market Share

Analysis: CPM

Analysis

SWOT Matrix

SPACE

BCG

IE matrix

Grand Strategy Matrix

QSPM

Possible strategies: Matrix Analysis

Decisions

Why our decision?

Strategic implementation

Actions

Evaluation Procedure

Current Update

history
History

1962: Phillip Knight, a Stanford University business graduate and former member of the track team, arranges to import athletic shoes from Japan and sell them in the U.S.. Knight created Blue Ribbon Sports as a cover name for his small-scale shoe-selling operations

1964: William Bowerman becomes a partner by matching Knight's investment of $500.

1965: Hires a full time employee, and annual sales reach $2,000.

1966: Blue Ribbon Sports, also known as BRS, rents its first retail space; employees can now stop selling shoes from their cars.

1969: It now has several stores and 20 employees; sales are close to $300,000.

1971: Nike, capitalizing on the Greek goddess of victory. The first Nike product sold with the new symbol is a soccer shoe.

1970 – 1975: Steve Prefontaine was turned to the University of Oregon by Bill Bowerman and wore Nike products.

history4
History

1976: The popularity of jogging increases revenue to $14 million.

1978: The company changes its name to Nike.

1980: Nike goes public, offering 2 million shares of stock.

1990: Nike files suit against competitors for copying the patented designs of its shoes, and also engaged in a dispute with the U.S. Customs Service over import duties on its Air Jordan basketball shoes.

1997: Feb., Stocks reaches a high of $76 per share.

1998: Sept., Stocks tumbles to $31 per share.

2000: The National Football League declines to renew its exclusive apparel licensing arrangement with Nike.

2001: Nike opens its first Nike Goddess store, a unit targeting women, in Newport Beach, CA.

2003: Nike purchases Converse Inc. for $ 305 million.

origin of the name and the swoosh
Origin of the Name and the Swoosh

Nike is the Ancient Greek goddess of victory

“It is one of the most recognized symbols in the world – The Swoosh. Simple. Fluid. Fast.”

(Quote from Nike’s website)

nike overview
Nike Overview

Nike’s principal business activity is the design, development and worldwide marketing of high quality footwear, apparel, equipment, and accessory product

Distributed in over 160 countries around the world: (Asia, Australia, Canada, Europe, Latin America, and the United States)

Nike is the largest seller of athletic footwear and athletic apparel in the world.

Fiscal year ended May 2003: Revenues of $10,697 million (increase of 8.1% against 2002)

Employees: 26,000 worldwide.

650,000 in Nike contracted factories around the globe.

Facilities: in Oregon, Tennessee, North Carolina and The Netherlands.

Also operates leased facilities for:

* 14 Niketowns,

* Over 200 Nike Factory Stores,

* 12 NikeWomen stores

* Over 100 sales and administrative offices.

key facts 2003
Key facts (2003)

Headquarters: Beaverton, OR

Index Membership: S&P 500 S&P 1500 Super Comp

Sector: Consumer Goods

Industry: Textile - Apparel Footwear & Accessories

Other Brands: Cole Haan, Converse, Hurley, Bauer Hockey, Starter Apparel

Market Cap: 21.738 billion

Ticker Symbol: NKE

Ranked 173 in the Annual ranking of America's largest corporations (Fortune 500 magazine)

slide10
Cole Haan, based in Maine, sells dress and casual footwear and accessories for men and women under the brand names of Cole Haan, g Series, and Bragano.
slide11
Nike Bauer Hockey, based in New Hampshire, manufactures and distributes hockey ice skates, apparel and equipment, as well as equipment for in-line skating, and street and roller hockey.
slide12
Hurley International, based in California, designs and distributes a line of action sports apparel for surfing, skateboarding and snowboarding, and youth lifestyle apparel and footwear.
slide13
Converse, based in Massachusetts, designs and distributes athletic and casual footwear, apparel, and accessories.
nike stock nke information
Nike Stock (NKE) Information

Stock Symbol: NKE.

Went public in December 1980 and is traded on the New York Stock Exchange.

Price:

Dec 31st, 2003: $68.46

May 1st, 2006: $82.21

Shares Outstanding (July 2003): 263.7 mill

vision statement
Vision Statement

“To bring inspiration and innovation to every athlete* in the world”

(* “If you have a body, you

are an athlete”

Bill Bowerman, co-founder)

proposed vision statement
Proposed Vision Statement

Continue to bring inspiration  to present and future  athletes, while maintaining the company's standard of quality for its products.

mission statement
Mission Statement

Nike is the "largest seller of athletic footwear and athletic apparel in the world. Performance and reliability of shoes, apparel, and equipment, new product development, price, product identity through marketing and promotion, and customer support and service are important aspects of competition in the athletic footwear, apparel, and equipment industry.  We believe we are competitive in all of these areas." The company aims to " lead in corporate citizenship through proactive programs that reflect caring for the world family of Nike, our teammates, our consumers, and those who provide services to Nike."

proposed mission statement
Proposed Mission Statement

To continue to offer quality products with increasing growth in the industry and expanding globally. Our mission has always been to provide a competitive edge by developing the most technological products. Keeping in mind fair labor practices in all our suppliers’ factories, while maintaining a competitive advantage, with the shareholders interests, and company profits in mind. We also believe our employees are one of our most important assets. To increase the responsibility towards the environment by evaluating the impact of day to day operation and attempts to change operations that have a negative impact.

internal strengths and weaknesses
Internal strengths and weaknesses

STRENGTHS:

Strong brand recognition

Internet sales

Growing international presence

Superior research and development department

Strong financial returns

Strong sense of culture in the working environment

Great celebrity spokespersons

Automatic replenishment system

Successful experience being competitive

Nike doesn’t own any factories

Successful marketing campaigns

WEAKNESSES:

Lack of stores catering to the active females

Poor employment practices at their international manufacturing sites giving a bad reputation

Heavy dependency on footwear sales

Issues with Footlocker

industry overview
Industry Overview

Athletic footwear manufactures captured nearly one-third of the total footwear market in the early 1970s.

Over a span of more than 25 years, American consumers spent $300 billion on 7.5 billion pairs of athletic shoes.

Reebok international Ltd. and Adidas became $ 3.5 Billion companies, while Nike Inc. became the first ever $ 9.5 Billion company.

By 1996 the number of establishments had dropped to about 52, with 12 factories closing since 1995.

China's imports increase by 6 percent to 1.26 billion pairs in 2003 .

Brazil's share increased 2.3 percent to 83.5 million pairs in 2003.

Vietnam's share jumped 91.9 percent to 23.5 million pairs in 2003.

The US markets continue to be dominated by imports from countries with low-cost labor.

From 1997 to 2001, the value of industry shipments declined from $ 219.6 million to $106.5 million.

U.S. shoe manufacturing plants declined by 775 between 1967 and 2001, the number of new plants opening dwindled to nearly zero.

external opportunities and threats
External Opportunities and Threats
  • OPPORTUNITIES:
  • Customer use of company’s products change from athletic purpose to a fashion item
  • Development of international trade (GAAT and NAFTA)
  • Generation Y children (born between 1979 and 1994) will reach 60 million
  • General demand for clothing/footwear for leisure activities continues to increase
  • Growing e-commerce’s positive effect since one of company’s competitive advantages is Internet sales
  • Women demand for athletic footwear and clothing is increasing significantly
  • THREATS:
  • Competitors which copy company's business model (high value branded product manufactured at a low cost)
  • Reebok's strong presence with 204 factory direct stores
  • Adidas-Salomon AG, top European competitor
  • The impact of foreign currency fluctuation and interest rates, and political instability
  • Labor and political unrest in the suppliers countries
  • Cost orientated customers vs company’s higher-end market.
space matrix
SPACE Matrix

* Y axis: - Financial Strength: +4

- Environmental Stability: - 1 => Y coordinate: +3 STRATEGY: AGRESSIVE

* X axis: - Competitive Advantage: - 2 => X coordinate: +3

- Industry Strength: + 5

business structure
Business Structure

Operating Segments:

Footwear

Apparel

Equipment

Operating Regions:

US

Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA)

Asia Pacific

Americas

bcg matrix
BCG Matrix

Question marks

Stars

Dogs

Cash-Cow

the grand strategy matrix
The Grand Strategy Matrix

Potential Strategies:

- Market Development

- Market Penetration

- Product Development

- Backward Integration

- Forward Integration

- Concentric Diversification

decisions
Decisions

Primary: Focus on finding the most promising customers (kids and women) and introduce more products or improve current ones to satisfy potential increase in demand

Alternative:

Keep expanding into current and future foreign markets by being aggressive and the worldwide leader of the footwear industry

Accelerate funding for numerous marketing campaigns in order to get to specific markets or customer groups

Focus on improving working conditions and human rights at international manufacturer centers and at the same time increasing their productivity

Implement product diversification with company’s newest technologies so resulting increased earnings could be reinvested into R&D plans

why this strategy
Why this strategy?

U.S. Women: Prefer fashion, not footwear, they prefer clothing, we must create a shopping style based in athletic shopping.

U.S. Kids: E-commerce, influenced by innovation and design, not only comfort or sports

We need to consolidate US sales compared to international sales and international competitors

Difficult to expand towards other sports or population segments

implementation
Implementation

Actions:

Women:

Open 25 specific stores specialized only for women

Increase R&D expenses by 7% in women products

Increase Marketing expenses by 10%, designing a specific campaign for women using female endorsements

Create a new logo for women market which would be associated with fashion trends and introduce new products

Kids:

Increase R&D expenses by 7% in kids products

Increase Marketing expenses by 10%, designing a specific campaign for kids

Introduce more soccer and basketball products targeting potential youth market

Research in international market to find out what are the new trends related with women and kids products (Long-term)

evaluations
Evaluations

Nike annual financial reports

Sales and profits reports (on-line and off-line) based on Women stores and Kids products

Frequent management meetings between VP Global Brand Management (US), VP Global Footwear, VP Global Apparel, and VP Subsidiaries and New Business Development

Evaluation reports

update 2004 2006
Update: 2004-2006

2004: Nike introduces “Swift” technology.

Nike Swift increases track times by up to 1.13%.

Football (soccer) wear becomes #1 in Europe.

Nike SHOX footwear introduced in other footwear types and continues to boom.

2005: Profits recover, growing nearly 30% to reach $1.2 billion on unprecedented revenue of $ 13.7 billion.

Nike has 8 NikeWomen stores in key cities in the U.S..

Nike Pro Apparel introduced into NFL and MLB.

Greatly expands SHOX running footwear

August: Main competitors have joined with the recent announced acquisition of Reebok by Adidas

2006: Nike Pro Apparel expands into NBA.

Nike uses Rihanna to help infiltrate the women’s market.

Nike expands women’s product line and website.

Introduced “Nike Consider” to be more environmental conscious.

Introduced new footwear and apparel line “Pre” dedicated to Steve Prefontaine

references
References

http://finance.yahoo.com

Nike Annual Reports (2003 & 2005)

Annual ranking of America's largest corporations, Magazine: Fortune 500 (2005): cnn.money.com

www.nikebiz.com (Investor Relations)

www.bigcharts.com

www.businessweek.com

Strategic Management Concepts and Cases; Fred R. David, 10th Ed.

thank you
Thank you!

Questions?

Comments?