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Learning Japanese The Hard Way and The Easy Way Komei Harada http://www.komeiharada.com/Japanese Learn Japanese culture Read manga comics Watch Japanese animé Read Japanese game manuals Speak reasonably well Visit Japan and get by Talk to Japanese friends Do business with the Japanese

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learning japanese the hard way and the easy way

Learning JapaneseThe Hard Way and The Easy Way

Komei Harada

http://www.komeiharada.com/Japanese

why learn japanese
Learn Japanese culture

Read manga comics

Watch Japanese animé

Read Japanese game manuals

Speak reasonably well

Visit Japan and get by

Talk to Japanese friends

Do business with the Japanese

Speak a few phrases and be friendly

Why learn Japanese?
japanese characters
Phonetic characters

Hiragana (46 chars)For original Japanese words.Created by simplifying kanjis.こんにちは (good day)かわ (river)

Katakana (46 chars)For foreign words/namesCreated by taking parts of kanjis.カメラ cameraララ・クロフト Lara Croft

Japanese Characters
japanese characters4
Phonetic characters

Hiragana (46 chars)For original Japanese words.Created by simplifying kanjis.こんにちは (good day)かわ (river)

Katakana (46 chars)For foreign words/names.Created by taking parts of kanjis.カメラ cameraララ・クロフト Lara Croft

Roma-ji (Roman characters)Kon-nichiwa (good day) Kawa (river)

Japanese Characters
japanese characters7
Kanji – Chinese Characters

Imported from China a few thousand years ago.

There may be ~ 50,000

6,000 in the computer character codes alone

Students learn 1,000 by 6th grade

Each character typically has 2 or more readingsひ “hi” as in Hitachiにち “nichi” as in Nippon

Japanese Characters

日sun

japanese characters8
Kanji – Chinese Characters

Imported from China a few thousand years ago.

There may be ~ 50,000

6,000 in the computer character codes alone

Students learn 1,000 by 6th grade

Each character typically has 2 or more readingsひ “hi” as in Hitachiにち “nichi” as in Nippon

Japanese Characters

日sun

japanese characters9
Kanji – Chinese Characters

Imported from China a few thousand years ago.

There may be ~ 50,000

6,000 in the computer character codes alone

Students learn 1,000 by 6th grade

Each character typically has 2 or more readingsひ “hi” as in Hitachiにち “nichi” as in Nippon

Japanese Characters

日sun

japanese characters10
Kanji – Chinese Characters

Imported from China a few thousand years ago.

There may be ~ 50,000

6,000 in the computer character codes alone

Students learn 1,000 by 6th grade

Each character typically has 2 or more readingsひ “hi” as in Hitachiにち “nichi” as in Nippon

“No way I’m gonna learn those! Show me an easy way!”

Japanese Characters

日sun

the hard way and the easy way
The Hard Way –and– The Easy Way
  • Learn to pronounce Roma-ji !
  • All consonants are like in English – No funny “ll” and “ch” like in Spanish/Italian/French
  • Only 5 vowels: A, E, I, O, U – Get them right!
the hard way and the easy way12
“bonsai”The Hard Way –and– The Easy Way
  • Learn to pronounce Roma-ji !
  • All consonants are like in English – No funny “ll” and “ch” like in Spanish/Italian/French
  • Only 5 vowels: A, E, I, O, U – Get them right!
the hard way and the easy way13
“bonsai”The Hard Way –and– The Easy Way
  • Learn to pronounce Roma-ji !
  • All consonants are like in English – No funny “ll” and “ch” like in Spanish/Italian/French
  • Only 5 vowels: A, E, I, O, U – Get them right!
the hard way and the easy way14
“banzai”The Hard Way –and– The Easy Way
  • Learn to pronounce Roma-ji !
  • All consonants are like in English – No funny “ll” and “ch” like in Spanish/Italian/French
  • Only 5 vowels: A, E, I, O, U – Get them right!
the hard way and the easy way15
“banzai”The Hard Way –and– The Easy Way
  • Learn to pronounce Roma-ji !
  • All consonants are like in English – No funny “ll” and “ch” like in Spanish/Italian/French
  • Only 5 vowels: A, E, I, O, U – Get them right!
the hard way and the easy way16
“Date” “sake”The Hard Way –and– The Easy Way
  • Learn to pronounce Roma-ji !
  • All consonants are like in English – No funny “ll” and “ch” like in Spanish/Italian/French
  • Only 5 vowels: A, E, I, O, U – Get them right!
the hard way and the easy way17
“Date” “sake”The Hard Way –and– The Easy Way
  • Learn to pronounce Roma-ji !
  • All consonants are like in English – No funny “ll” and “ch” like in Spanish/Italian/French
  • Only 5 vowels: A, E, I, O, U – Get them right!
the hard way and the easy way18
Karaoke

Honda

Tsunami

Shogun

The Hard Way –and– The Easy Way
  • Learn to pronounce Roma-ji !
  • All consonants are like in English – No funny “ll” and “ch” like in Spanish/Italian/French
  • Only 5 vowels: A, E, I, O, U – Get them right!
the hard way and the easy way19
Forget Roma-ji!

Learn hiragana/katakanaWhat’s “kyoto”?きょうと (京都) Kyoto Cityきょうとう (教頭) head teacherきょとう (巨頭) magnate

The Hard Way –and– The Easy Way
  • Learn to pronounce Roma-ji !
names
ジェーソン・ウィーズナー

クリス・チェ(イ)ンバーズ

トロイ・マッシュバーン

スナ・カン(グ)

エリック・タム

ロサウラ・サンドバル

デイブ・ガストリン

ケン・ブローズ

エルギン・デルビソル

マイク・ゴンサレス

マイク・ファッジ

ケーシー・ホルツ

アルナブ・バス

ティプ・プルカヤスタ

Names
tongue twisters
Tongue Twisters

この釘は引き抜きにくい釘だ。

Kono kugi wa hiki nuki nikui kugi da.

This nail is a nail that is hard to pull out.

東京特許許可局長今日急遽休暇許可拒否

Tokyo tokkyo kyoka kyokuchou kyou kyuukyo kyuuka kyoka kyohi

Tokyo Patent Office Director today suddenly denies vacation approval.

Try your language at

http://www.uebersetzung.at/twister/ja.htm

greetings
おはようございます

こんにちは

こんばんは

ではまた

Greetings
  • “Ohayou gozaimasu”Good morning
  • “Kon-nichiwa”Good day
  • “Konbanwa”Good evening
  • “Dewa mata”(see you) again(“Sayounara” is “Good-bye”)
talk to the japanese the easy way
Talk to the Japanese The Easy Way
  • Learn to say the Japanese greetings well.
  • Use the polite form; Be safe
  • Then you can switch to speaking English! – Just speak very, very slowly
  • Japanese people may know English grammar better than you 
  • “Ohayou gozaimasu”Good morning
  • “Kon-nichiwa”Good day
  • “Konbanwa”Good evening
  • “Dewa mata”(see you) again(“Sayounara” is “Good-bye”)
more phrases
ありがとうございます

どういたしまして

はい

いいえ

More Phrases
  • “Arigatou gozaimasu”Thank you
  • “Dou itashimashite”It’s nothing (You’re welcome)
  • “Hai”Yes
  • “Iie”No
traveling in japan
Explore the rural side

Fewer people speak English

Fewer signs in English

See traditional lifestyle

Try your Japanese skills!

Traveling in Japan
  • Stay in the Tokyo or Kyoto area –
    • signs are in English
    • many people speak English
    • Writing down (English) often helps
tonal accent
English - stress accentE.g., desert (barren); desert (to leave)increase (noun); increase (verb)

Japanese – tonal accentはし hashi (bridge)はし hashi (chopstick)

Tonal Accent
  • (Unlike Chinese)Most words have a few syllables or more
  • Wrong accents rarely cause confusion
  • Pay more attention to your vowels instead!A, E, I, O, U
similarity to other languages
Similarity to Other Languages

Grammar

これ-が クリスタル-が 4月-に 引っ越す 新しい ビル-です。

This Crystal April in move (to) new building is.

Korean:

이 (빌딩)은 크리스탈이 4월에 이사갈 새 빌딩입니다.

Turkish:

bu bina Crystal’in Nisan ayinda icine gececegi bina

“Ural-Altaic language family” is what linguists call them 

babelfish round trip game
Babelfish Round-trip Game

http://babelfish.altavista.com

Incandescent is getting a pretty bad name in today's going-green society, but GE wants to salvage the tech with innovation before it's scrapped for the ages in laws that ban its use at home and abroad.

→白熱今日の行緑の社会のかなり悪名を得ている、しかしのそして外国の使用を家禁止する法律の年齢のために捨てられる前にGE は革新との技術を救助したいと思う。

→ Society of incandescence present line green ill repute is obtained rather, but and before being thrown away because of age of the law which use of the foreign country the house is prohibited as for GE we would like to rescue the technology of reformation.

http://www.excite.co.jp/world/korean/

similarity to other languages29
Similarity to Other Languages

Chinese is to Japanese as French(Latin) is to English

  • Many words look the same
  • Difficult words have the same meaning

自动化 (Ch)= 自動化 (Jp) “automation” = “automation” zì dòng huàjidouka (Fr) (Eng)

  • Pronunciation can be different
  • Daily vocabulary is different新聞 (Ch) ≠新聞 (Jp) journal (Fr) ≠ journal (Eng) “news” “newspaper” “newspaper” “diary”(新 = new, 聞 = hear)汽車 (Ch) ≠汽車 (Jp)“car” “train”(汽 = steam, 車 = car/wheel)
similarity to other languages30
Similarity to Other Languages

Simplified

(Mainland China)

  • 学生xué sheng (student)
  • 权威quán wēi (authority)
  • Traditional
  • Hong Kong / Taiwan
  • 學生
  • 權威
  • Japanese
  • 学生がくせい gakusei
  • 権威けんい ken’i
  • Korean
  • 학생
  • 권위
similarity to other languages32
Italian

Spaghetti

Broccoli

Espresso

Staccato

Ghetto

Japanese

スパゲッティ

ブロッコリー

エスプレッソ

スタッカート

ゲットー

Similarity to Other Languages
similarity to other languages33
Italian

Spaghetti

Broccoli

Espresso

Staccato

Ghetto

5 vowels – A, E, I, O, U

Double consonants

Japanese

スパゲッティ

ブロッコリー

エスプレッソ

スタッカート

ゲットー

アイウエオ

Similarity to Other Languages
trivia top 10 japanese family names
Trivia : Top 10 Japanese Family Names
  • 佐藤Satou (Sato); 佐assist(ance); 藤wisteria
  • 鈴木Suzuki; 鈴bell; 木tree
  • 高橋 Takahashi; 高high; 橋bridge
  • 田中Tanaka; 田rice field; 中middle, inside
  • 渡辺Watanabe; 渡to cross; 辺side
  • 伊藤Itou (Ito); 伊this; 藤wisteria
  • 山本Yamamoto; 山mountain; 本book, origin
  • 中村Nakamura; 中middle, inside; 村village
  • 小林Kobayashi; 小small; 林woods
  • 加藤Katou (Kato); 加to add; 藤wisteria
dictionaries offline
Dictionaries - Offline
  • EPWING format (mini CD’s) readers (portable devices)
  • DDWin / EBView (PC)
  • Electronic dictionariesFrom Casio, Seiko Instruments (SII), etc.
dictionaries online
Dictionaries - Online
  • SPACE ALChttp://www.alc.co.jp/
  • Goohttp://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/
  • Excitehttp://www.excite.co.jp/dictionary/
ime input method editor
IME: Input Method Editor
  • Enter foreign languages
    • Japanese, Chinese, Russian, Arabic, … pretty much all major non-English languages
  • Easily installable on Windows from Control Panel > Regional and Language Options (Requires the installation CD-ROM- copied on my PC)
most common first names
Boy (1980)

1.大輔 Daisuke

2.誠 Makoto

3.直樹 Naoki

4.哲也 Tetsuya

5.剛 Takeshi

6.学 Manabu

7.大介 Daisuke

8.亮 Ryou

9.健一 Ken’ichi

10.聡 Satoshi

Most Common First Names
  • Girl (1980)
  • 1.絵美 Emi
  • 2.裕子 Yuko
  • 3.久美子 Kumiko
  • 4.恵 Megumi
  • 5.智子 Tomoko
  • 6.愛 Ai
  • 7.香織 Kaori
  • 8.恵美 Emi
  • 9.理恵 Rie
  • 10.陽子 Youko
  • Boy (2006)
  • 1.陸 Riku
  • 2.大翔 Hiroto
  • 3.大輝 Daiki
  • 3.蓮 Ren
  • 5.翼 Tsubasa
  • 6.悠斗 Yuuto
  • 7.翔太 Shouta
  • 8.海斗 Kaito
  • 8.空 Sora
  • 8.優太 Yuuta
  • 8.陽斗 Youto
  • Girl (2006)
  • 1.陽菜 Hina
  • 2.美羽 Miu
  • 3.美咲 Misaki
  • 4.さくら Sakura
  • 5.愛 Ai
  • 5.葵 Aoi
  • 5.七海 Nanami
  • 8.真央 Mao
  • 9.優衣 Yui

http://www.meijiyasuda.co.jp/profile/etc/ranking/year_men/

local stores
Local Stores

Japanese Telephone Guide!

  • Nijiya –Mountain View, San Mateo
  • Mitsuwa – San Jose
  • Kinokuniya Bookstore – Next to Mitsuwa
  • Gombei (cash only)
  • Kanpai
  • Dashi Sushi
  • Miyake
  • Sushi-ya
trivia chopstick rules
Trivia: Chopstick Rules
  • Do not rest chopsticks by sticking them point-first into your food, especially rice.
  • Do not pass food with your chopsticks directly to somebody else's chopsticks.
  • Do not move around plates or bowls with chopsticks.
  • Do not spear food with your chopsticks.
  • Do not hover your chopsticks around while deciding on which food to pick.
  • Do not touch one dish and immediately move on to another.
  • Do not lick your chopstick or hold them in your mouth
  • Do not lay them on the edge of your bowl or plateRules slightly differ in China, Korea and Viet-namhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chopsticks
links
Links
  • CIA – The World Fact Book – Japanhttp://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ja.html
  • Wikipedia – Japanese languagehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_language
  • News websiteshttp://www.nikkei.co.jp/http://www.asahi.com/http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/http://www.mainichi.co.jp/http://www.japantimes.co.jp/