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Digital Text and Libraries Michael Popham Ranganathan’s laws of library science Books are for use Every reader his book Every book its reader Save the time of the reader A library is a growing organism (Ranganathan, 1931) Libraries and digital texts …as purchasers of digital texts

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ranganathan s laws of library science
Ranganathan’s laws of library science
  • Books are for use
  • Every reader his book
  • Every book its reader
  • Save the time of the reader
  • A library is a growing organism

(Ranganathan, 1931)

DOI Meeting, Oxford, June 2006

libraries and digital texts
Libraries and digital texts
  • …as purchasers of digital texts
    • from publishers, aggregator services
  • …as producers of digital texts
    • digitized from analogue originals, analogue surrogates
  • …as custodians of digital texts
    • purchased and licensed material
    • institutional repositories, digital assets created in-house
    • acquired e-MSS and personal digital collections

DOI Meeting, Oxford, June 2006

libraries and digital texts the challenges
Libraries and digital texts – the challenges
  • …as purchasers of digital texts
    • we have to work with what we’re sold/what’s available
  • …as producers of digital texts
    • we have to work with what we’ve got
  • …as custodians of digital texts
    • we have to work with what we’re given

DOI Meeting, Oxford, June 2006

thomas bodley s vision
Thomas Bodley’s Vision
  • Bodleian founded 1602
  • Universal library
  • Bodley’s “Republic of Letters”
  • Legal deposit privilege since 1610
  • 60% of Bodleian readers not members of Oxford University

DOI Meeting, Oxford, June 2006

bodleian library
Bodleian Library
  • 400 staff
  • Budget of £14m (€20.5m)
  • Stock 8 million items
  • 45,000 registered users
  • 120 Miles (192km) of shelving
  • 123,000 monograph items and 194,000 serial items added each year

DOI Meeting, Oxford, June 2006

oxford university library services
Oxford University Library Services
  • > 660 staff (600 fte)
  • 40 libraries, including the Bodleian
  • Budget > £25m (€37m)
  • Total bookstock:11 million items
  • 156 miles (250km) of shelving, including repository space

DOI Meeting, Oxford, June 2006

the digital library at oxford
The “Digital Library” at Oxford

1960sMachine-readable texts for scholarly purposes

1976 Oxford Text Archive founded

1980s Networked databases and CD-ROMs

1990s Libraries on the web, e-journals etc.

2001 Oxford Digital Library (ODL)

2005ELISO (Electronic Library & Information Service)Google/Oxford partnership

DOI Meeting, Oxford, June 2006

oxford google project what to digitize
Oxford-Google Project: what to digitize?
  • Direct discussions with Google since 2003
  • Win/win situation for both parties
  • Extensive collection of out-of-copyright (and mostly out-of-print) material identified
    • Oxford differs from other partners in this aspect of our agreement
    • Decision made to begin with the 19th century material
    • Looking at approximately 1+ million items

DOI Meeting, Oxford, June 2006

overview of workflow
Overview of workflow

Selection

N

Fast-track

Y

QA

Suitable for digitization?

Digitize

Slow-track

Y

N

Generate deliverables

Store outputs

Update Google.print index

Reshelve

DOI Meeting, Oxford, June 2006

Update OULS OPAC

outputs and outcomes
Outputs and outcomes
  • Large raw colour images from digitization process
  • Per volume, OULS receives:
    • JPEG2000 (probably), and TIFFs
    • Uncorrected OCR
  • Audit of production process
  • There are quality control processes at Google & Oxford
  • Deliverable images (to be hosted by Google in the first instance) linked to OPAC records
  • Ongoing software/hardware developments to improve the process

DOI Meeting, Oxford, June 2006

challenges that lie ahead
Challenges that lie ahead…
  • Building the local infrastructure to manage and deliver the Oxford Digital Copy of the data
  • Investigating ways to exploit the data, e.g.:
    • Correcting OCR files, adding additional markup
    • (Re-)structuring the data – moving beyond a simple search and page-turning presentation
    • Completing/extending volumes and collections
    • Automatic collation, authorship attribution, stylistic analysis.….and many, many more(?!)
  • Raising the barrier of what is possible, and end-users’ expectations about what we can deliver

DOI Meeting, Oxford, June 2006

feel the fear
Feel the Fear….
  • ©opyright and IPR
  • Threat to (Scholarly) e-Publishers
  • Proliferating plagiarism
  • Encouraging poor research
  • Scope creep, scalability, data deluge
  • Preservation and access

DOI Meeting, Oxford, June 2006

useful links
Useful links
  • http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/google/
  • http://books.google.com/googlebooks/library.html

DOI Meeting, Oxford, June 2006