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Causes of the American Revolution 1763 - 1775. Pontiac’s War - 1763. After 1760 – English settlers moved west Lord Jeffrey Amherst sent to frontier Amherst raised the price of trade goods Amherst allowed settlers to build farms and forts on Indian land. Pontiac’s War - 1763.

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pontiac s war 1763
Pontiac’s War - 1763
  • After 1760 – English settlers moved west
  • Lord Jeffrey Amherst sent to frontier
  • Amherst raised the price of trade goods
  • Amherst allowed settlers to build farms and forts on Indian land
pontiac s war 17635
Pontiac’s War - 1763
  • Ottawa Chief Pontiac emerged as a leader
  • Pontiac attacked Ft.Detroit
  • Indians captured most British forts in Ohio Country
  • British and colonial troops regained most of them
pontiac s war 17636
Pontiac’s War - 1763
  • Treaty of Paris ended French power in North America
  • Native Americans couldn’t count on French support
  • Pontiac’s War ended
england in debt
England in Debt
  • William Pitt’s policies to win the French and Indian War in North America left England in debt.
  • King George III and Parliament felt colonists should be paying more of the costs
  • Mercantilism – colonies exist for the good of the Mother Country
england in debt10
England in Debt
  • Mercantilism – colonies produce raw materials for the Mother country and buy her manufactured goods
  • Navigation Acts – Law passed by Parliament in the 1660’s and 1670’s to put Mercantilism into practice
  • Salutary Neglect – Navigation Acts not enforced so colonists would have the money to buy British goods
proclamation of 1763 proclamation line
Proclamation of 1763 – Proclamation Line
  • Drew a line down the middle of the Appalachian Mountains
proclamation of 1763
Proclamation of 1763
  • No white settlement west of the line
  • Fur Traders must get a license
  • 10,000 British troops stationed in the colonies to patrol the frontier
sugar act and stamp act
Sugar Act and Stamp Act
  • Parliament – Law making body in England
  • Sugar Act – Regulate Trade
  • Stamp Act – Raise Revenue
  • Regulate Trade vs. Raise Revenue
  • “No Taxation Without Representation”
sugar act 1764
Sugar Act - 1764
  • George Grenville – Prime Minister
  • Regulate Trade
  • Lower tax on sugar and molasses
  • Collect the tax
  • Stop smuggling
stamp act 1765
Stamp Act - 1765
  • Raise Revenue
  • Tax stamp required on legal documents – wills, marriage papers, newspapers, almanacs, playing cards and dice
stamp act crisis 1765 1766
Stamp Act Crisis 1765 - 1766
  • “No Taxation Without Representation”
  • Methods of Protest
  • Peaceful – Stamp Act Congress – New York City – 9 colonies – petition
  • Violent – Sons of Liberty
  • Economic - Boycott
stamp act crisis
Stamp Act Crisis
  • Stamp Act repealed in 1766
  • Parliament passes the Declaratory Act
townshend acts 1767
Townshend Acts - 1767
  • Charles Townshend – Prime Minister
  • Taxes on paint, paper, lead, glass and tea
  • Writs of Assistance – blanket search warrants
methods of protest
Methods of Protest
  • Peaceful – petition
  • Violent – Sons of Liberty and Daughters of Liberty
  • Economic – Non – importation agreements
boston massacre 177030
Boston Massacre - 1770
  • Townshend Duties repealed except for a tax on tea
  • British troops removed from Boston
  • Committees of Correspondence organized by Sam Adams
boston tea party 1773
Boston Tea Party - 1773
  • Tea Act – British East India Company
  • Sons of Liberty dump tea into Boston Harbor
intolerable acts coersive acts 1774
Intolerable Acts ( Coersive Acts)1774
  • Boston Port Bill – Boston Harbor closed until the tea is paid for
intolerable coersive acts 1774
Intolerable ( Coersive ) Acts - 1774
  • Massachusetts Government Act –
  • Massachusetts Assembly dissolved
  • Boston under martial law
  • Thomas Gage – military governor
intolerable coersive acts 177439
Intolerable ( Coersive ) Acts - 1774
  • Quartering Acts
  • 1765 – troops quartered in public buildings and public greens
  • 1774 – troops quartered in people’s homes
intolerable coersive acts 177440
Intolerable ( Coersive ) Acts - 1774
  • Quebec Act
  • Established the boundaries of the Quebec Colony
  • Allowed the Catholic religion in Quebec
  • No elected assembly
first continental congress 1774
First Continental Congress - 1774
  • Albany Congress – 1754 - 7 of 13 colonies
  • Stamp Act Congress – 1765 – New York City - 9 of 13 colonies
  • First Continental Congress – 1774 – Philadelphia – 12 of 13 colonies
first continental congress
First Continental Congress
  • Voted to cut off colonial trade with England unless Intolerable Acts abolished
  • Advise colonies to begin training citizens for war
  • Wanted to define American rights, place limits on Parliament’s power and agree on tactics to resist aggressive acts of the English government
  • Set up a Colonial Association to enforce an embargo against England