border life the clash between wildlife conservation and rural poverty l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Border Life: The Clash between Wildlife Conservation and Rural Poverty PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Border Life: The Clash between Wildlife Conservation and Rural Poverty

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 16

Border Life: The Clash between Wildlife Conservation and Rural Poverty - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 352 Views
  • Uploaded on

Border Life: The Clash between Wildlife Conservation and Rural Poverty Presentation for the Transboundary Protected Area Research Initiative May 12, 2004 Abbie Harris Wildlife and poverty in Tanzania

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Border Life: The Clash between Wildlife Conservation and Rural Poverty' - adamdaniel


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
border life the clash between wildlife conservation and rural poverty

Border Life: The Clash between Wildlife Conservation and Rural Poverty

Presentation for the Transboundary Protected Area Research Initiative

May 12, 2004

Abbie Harris

wildlife and poverty in tanzania
Wildlife and poverty in Tanzania
  • Tanzania holds diverse flora and fauna and has one of the greatest concentrations of large mammals in the world (Department of Wildlife 1996).
  • About 25 percent of the land in Tanzania is protected area (Neumann 1998).
  • Tanzania has a GNP of $170 per capita (US dollars) which places the country within the lowest ten GNP’s in the world (World Bank Group 2003).
rural poverty
Rural Poverty

Chambers describes five disadvantages that create a integrated web of poverty:

  • Material Poorness
  • Physical Weakness
  • Isolation
  • Vulnerability
  • Powerlessness
private wildlife conservation
Private Wildlife Conservation
  • Rising trend in African wildlife conservation
  • Economic means:

photographic tourism

hunting tourism

international donors

private wealth

wildlife cropping

live capture sales

  • Difficulty for private conservation in Tanzania
miti mirefu
Miti Mirefu
  • Agricultural livelihoods
  • Intertropical Convergence Zone creates unpredictable bimodal rainfall
  • Presence of wildlife
  • Rapid population growth in the area
  • Not established as a village
ndarakwai ranch
Ndarakwai Ranch
  • 10,000 acres of privately leased land area, began in 1995
  • Owner established a private anti poaching staff and limited human use in the area
  • Revenue from luxury camping, film companies, and scientific researchers
  • Increase in wildlife since the introduction of the ranch
primary research question
Primary Research Question

How does living next to Ndarakwai Ranch affect the individual households of Miti Mirefu?

methods
Methods
  • Conducted interviews
    • 72 agricultural farmers
    • Ndarakwai Ranch owner
    • Ndarakwai Ranch manager
    • Local ecologist
  • Participant Observation
  • Secondary Literature
advantages of living next to ndarakwai
Advantages of Living next to Ndarakwai
  • Short and long term employment
  • Transportation to hospital and market
  • Occasional donations
mutual coexistence
Mutual Coexistence?
  • Relationship with Ranch is specific to household
  • More disadvantages than advantages for majority of households
  • Technical changes: fence building, crop compensation, changing of crop production
  • Socio-political changes: economic partnership between community and Ranch, establishment of Wildlife Management Area
future research
Future Research
  • Examining crop damage through scientific observation in addition to interviews
  • Scrutinizing the existing civil society and research the means to strengthen the community
  • Looking at the potential for Wildlife Management Areas to create a better relationship
references
References

Chambers, R. (1983). Rural development: Putting the last first. Essex,

England: Longman House.

Department of Wildlife. (1996). Policy for Wildlife Conservation. Dar Es

Salaam: Tanzania: Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism.

Neumann, R. (1998). Imposing Wilderness. Berkeley: University of California Press.

World Bank Group. (2003). Gross National Product. Washington DC: The World Bank Group. Retrieved October 3, 2003 from http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/psd/compete.nsf/7349593d593389e88 525648f00641829?OpenView&Start=117