Anatomy of the Sensorineural Mechanism
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Anatomy of the Sensorineural Mechanism. The Bony Labyrinth. (from Zemlin, 1998). Three main subdivisions of the labyrinth cochlea semicircular canals (vestibular system) vestibule (vestibular system, mainly). Bony labyrinth : Hard, bony outer shell. (from Minifie, Hixon, & Williams, 1973).

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Anatomy

The Bony Labyrinth

(from Zemlin, 1998)

  • Three main subdivisions of the labyrinth

  • cochlea

  • semicircular canals (vestibular system)

  • vestibule (vestibular system, mainly)


Anatomy

Bony labyrinth: Hard, bony outer shell.

(from Minifie, Hixon, & Williams, 1973)

Membranous labyrinth: Fully contained inside the bony labyrinth; like a convoluted-shaped water balloon stuff inside the bony labyrinth.


Anatomy

Another view of the membranous labyrinth

(from Perkins & Kent, 1986)


Anatomy

Again with the membranous labyrinth, this time all by itself; i.e., with the entire bony labyrinth stripped away.

(from Deutsch & Richards, 1979)


Anatomy

Schematic and partially unrolled view of the middle ear and labyrinth showing the scala vestibuli, the scala media (also cochlear duct), and the scala tympani, along with the cochlear fluids (endolymph & perilymph).

(adapted from Zemlin, 1998)


Anatomy

Cuts through an unrolled and a rolled cochlea labyrinth showing the

(from Deutsch & Richards, 1979)


Anatomy

Cut through an unrolled cochlea labyrinth showing the

(from Deutsch & Richards, 1979)


Anatomy

Detail of a single cut through the cochlea showing the labyrinth showing the Organ of Corti,8th N fibers entering through a tunnel in the spiral lamina (the habenula perforata), the spiral ligament, and the stria vascularis.

(from Deutsch & Richards, 1979)


Anatomy

Notice the labyrinth showing the stria vascularis (also area vascularis) – the only good picture I have of this. The s.v. secretes endolymph.

Notice also the spiral ligament, which attaches the b.m. to the bony wall of the cochlea, and the limbus(or limbus spiralis), a fibrous covering of the spiral lamina.

(from Zemlin, Fig. 6-48)

modiolus spiral ligament


Anatomy

Detail of the Organ of Corti labyrinth showing the

(from Stevens,1951)

Any cut through the cochlea will show 1 inner hair cell (IHC) and 3 (sometimes 4) outer hair cells (OHCs). This unit – 1 IHC and 3-4 OHCs is referred to as a hair cell channel. There are about 3000 channels in the human cochlea. (That number will become important later when we discuss cochlear implants.)


Anatomy

Electron micrograph of a hair bundle as seen from above. Note: (1) cilia are arranged according to height, (2) cilia are arranged in a very distinctive pattern, variously described as a ‘W’ or sometimes a ‘V’ shape.

modiolus

spiral ligament


Anatomy

IHCs Note: (1) cilia are arranged according to height, (2) cilia are arranged in a very distinctive pattern, variously described as a ‘W’ or sometimes a ‘V’ shape.

OHCs

spiral ligament

modiolus


Anatomy

The cochlear and vestibular braches of the 8 Note: (1) cilia are arranged according to height, (2) cilia are arranged in a very distinctive pattern, variously described as a ‘W’ or sometimes a ‘V’ shape.th cranial nerve

(from Deutsch & Richards, 1979)