3 Meter 1 ½ Pike Dive Emily Seaver, Anne Zarthar, Andrea Monterisi, Jen Grogan, Kara Noyes, and Chris Conti About Diving Diving was first developed in Europe and became a competitive sport in England in 1905 About Diving
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Emily Seaver, Anne Zarthar, Andrea Monterisi, Jen Grogan, Kara Noyes, and Chris Conti
Diving was first developed in Europe and became a competitive sport in England in 1905
Competitive springboard diving is a form of acrobatics. It’s objective is to project the body upward off the board, complete a series of intricate and gracefully controlled maneuvers before straightening out to enter the water
All dives must have force to propel the diver upward and outward yet have the appearance of being performed with ease and control. A diver must learn to make different muscle groups perform independently with control. Divers strength train for power and control and constantly practice to maintain consistency
Step 1: launch on the spring board
Step 2: airborne forward momentum
Step 3: positioning into proper pike
Step 4: body position during spin
Step 5: recovering proper body position out of pike
Step 6: perpendicular alignment into the water, (entry)
Flexion and Extension of the lower extremity
During both Flexion and Extension; there are primary and secondary muscle groups involved in each action*** all muscles involved in the springboard phase are third class levers, except the gastrocnemius which is a second class lever***
***During Flexion there is little muscle activity due to the role of gravity propelling the diver into the board***
Forward rotation is gained with neck flexion, thoracolumbar flexion, and abdominal flexion
---- (center of mass of diver in pike is higher in the torso because of the change of the externalmoment arm due to gravity)
(The picture above shows the proper position of the body during spin)
The spin has certain main parts when it comes to muscle involvement;
Flexors and extensors, and core stabilizers
*all stages of this motion have ipsi-directional lumbopelvic rhythm, and plantar flexion*
*gravity and the angular velocity is the main contributor to the external moment arms of the diver*
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