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Vocabulary and commas. Test on Friday Vocab. Usage Misplaced Modifiers Commas ALWG. 1 Perplexed: Completely baffled, very puzzled 2. Anguish: Severe mental or physical pain or suffering 3. Verandah: a broad open porch 4. Predicament: situation from which a person who cannot escape

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vocabulary and commas

Vocabulary and commas

Test on Friday

Vocab.

Usage

Misplaced Modifiers

Commas

ALWG

slide2

1 Perplexed: Completely baffled, very puzzled

2. Anguish: Severe mental or physical pain or suffering

3. Verandah: a broad open porch

4. Predicament: situation from which a person who cannot escape

5. Leeway: The amount of freedom to move or act that is available.

slide3

6 Skepticism: doubt, as the truth to something

7. Repatriate: a person who has been returned to his country of origin, or whose citizenship has been restored.

8. Envision: to imagine as a future possibility

9 . Compelled: forced or driven to do something

10 Reconcile to cause a person to accept or be resigned to something not desired

slide4

11 Dilapidated: reduced to or fallen into partial decay; a state of disrepair or ruin in bad condition

  • 12 Auspices: patronage, support and or sponsorship
  • 13. Somber : Gloomy dark
  • 14 Rehabilitate: to restore to good health
essential clauses defines the antecedent no commas
Essential clauses defines the antecedent NO COMMAS
  • The novelist Jane Austen wrote many books. (which novelist?)
  • The poetYeats is still studied today. (Which poet?)
  • My cat Snowball likes to sleep on the couch. (owner has four cats…which one?)
restrictive or essential clause
Restrictive or essential Clause
  • Presents information that restricts or limits the meaning of another word:
  • People who live in glass houses shouldn’t throw stones.
  • The phrase “who live in glass houses” restricts the kind of people I am talking about. (NO COMMAS)
non essential clauses commas
Non-Essential clauses: COMMAS

Are parenthetic.

They don’t limit or define. They add something.

The dog, who had one leg, wobbled slowly down the sidewalk.

appositive
Appositive
  • A word[s] which follow a noun to describe it in another name:

If the appositive is just additional information (i.e., you could remove it from the sentence without any loss of meaning), then it should be offset from the remainder of the sentence (usually with commas).

appositive follows noun and describes it in another name
Appositive (follows noun and describes it in another name)
  • My friend Mo invited me to his party.
  • (no commas)

The speaker has many friends, which friend is he talking about? Thus no commas. Mo is essential to the meaning of the sentence.

practice
Practice
  • Shakespeare’s play Romeo and Juliet deals with the theme of revenge.
  • (essential or non-essential?)
  • Shakespeare’s play Romeo and Juliet….
  • Essential because Shakespeare wrote more than one play. Romeo and Juliet needs to be treated as an essential clause because it is restricting which play the writer is talking about.
rule 1 use a comma between two independent clauses
Rule 1 USE a comma between two independent clauses
  • John wanted to go to the concert, and he decided to save money up for the ticket.
don t use commas between an independent clause and dependent clause
Don’t use commas between an Independent clause and dependent clause
  • John wanted to go to the concert and decided to save up money for a ticket.
comma pre test
Comma pre test
  • ://www2.ivcc.edu/eng1002/practice_comma_quiz.htm