cognitive and physical development chapter 12 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Cognitive and Physical Development (Chapter 12) PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Cognitive and Physical Development (Chapter 12)

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 11

Cognitive and Physical Development (Chapter 12) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 126 Views
  • Uploaded on

Cognitive and Physical Development (Chapter 12). Second Lecture Outline : Jean Piaget’s stage theory Other models Videotape on preschool cognition (Magna M19). Concrete operational stage. Age 7 until 12; children can manipulate internal representations

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

Cognitive and Physical Development (Chapter 12)


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript
    1. Cognitive and Physical Development (Chapter 12) Second Lecture Outline: Jean Piaget’s stage theory Other models Videotape on preschool cognition (Magna M19)

    2. Concrete operational stage • Age 7 until 12; children can manipulate internal representations • Conservation of liquid quantity experiment: children now pass • Conservation of volume: Flubber or silly-putty • “Concrete” because physical demonstrations are needed

    3. Formal-operational stage • 11 or 12 years of age onward; children can manipulate abstract concepts • Second-order relations: They can understand relationships between relations, e.g., division and multiplication are opposite • Algebra, geometry, ven-diagrams

    4. A moving cannon shoots a cannonball straight in the air. Ignoring air resistance-effects, where does it land? Formal operations can get this right. Concrete operations may get it right, or need it demonstrated. ? ? ?

    5. Problems with Piaget’s theory • Development is really continuous, e.g., reading skill • Failing tasks may be because of complexity of materials • Ages may not be accurate • Adults do not always show formal operations: Tim and the fire alarm • Largely biological

    6. Lev Vygotsky

    7. Vygotsky: Russian psychologist • Environment is critical: children internalize what they see and experience • Zone of proximal development Capacity Ability Ability Effective teaching Effective parenting Mediated learning

    8. ZPD for physical activity

    9. Information processing approaches • There is gradual change in our ability to process information • Attention Short term memory Long term memory • Changes in encoding, e.g., metamemory, strategy use, metacognition • An advantage is that the model is not domain specific • Maturation and environment important

    10. Cognition in later years • Decrease in fluid and increase in crystallized intelligence, e.g., “Lost in Boston” • Overall changes in information processing, but no net deficits • Wisdom: Insight into human development and life • Greater awareness of what you do not know • Neural plasticity after strokes • Degeneration in Alzheimer’s

    11. Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease Gradual onset of symptoms: **memory loss **decline in cognitive abilities, such as thinking, understanding, and decision-making. **not as well known are the behavioral symptoms that accompany the disease. **many families often are not prepared for symptoms such as agitation, aggression, depression, or wandering **increase in symptoms over time