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cid civil-military forum 2013: protection of civilians. Dr Anna Powles Centre for Defence and Security Studies, Massey University. Soft and hard protection measures . At the international level, the UNSC has a broad range of soft and hard protection measures

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cid civil military forum 2013 protection of civilians

cid civil-military forum 2013: protection of civilians

Dr Anna Powles

Centre for Defence and Security Studies, Massey University

soft and hard protection measures
Soft and hard protection measures
  • At the international level, the UNSC has a broad range of soft and hard protection measures
  • Soft=mediation missions undertaken by Special Envoys of the SG to help resolve crises and de-escalate violence (eg. LakhdarBrahimi as Special Envoy to Syria); UNSC resolutions; diplomatic measure; fact-finding missions to assess and draw attention; observers; asylum policies and refuge for civilians fleeing violence
  • Hard= sanctions, arms embargoes, ad hoc tribunals and referrals to the ICC, UN-led peacekeeping missions, and the authorisation of force; the creation of protected zones; no fly zones; demilitarised zones
at the national or local level
At the national or local level

Hard Protection

Soft Protection

Civil or Community Engagement; CIMIC activities; governance/humanitarian/peacebuilding activities

Humanitarian actors – humanitarian action – governed by impartiality and neutrality

How to coordinate activities – how CIMIC can better engage – also better understand protection – doctrine questions

  • Hard protection comes first – peacekeeping forces increasingly authorised to use force; disarmament of combatants;
  • The actors: peacekeeping force, military and police
  • Public security gap – Airport IDP camps shot
core challenges to protection
core challenges to protection
  • 1. The Mandate Gap
  • 2. The Public-Security Gap
  • 3. The Humanitarian Vacuum
  • 4. The Militarisation of Humanitarian Space
  • 5. The Politicisation of Protection
  • 6. Dynamics of Conflict: Civilians versus Combatants; Urban conflict; Urban displacement
lessons learned
Lessons learned

1. Clear Protection Mandate and Coherent Operational Guidelines

2. A Whole-of Government, Inter-Agency Approach to Protection

3. The Localisation of Protection

4. The Best Protection is Prevention

5. Sustainable Protection