Ch. 14 The House Divided . 1846-1861. John Brown . Father of 20 children, a drifter of sorts that has a rough life. Anti slavery advocate, killed 5 pro-slavery men in Kansas May 24, 1856.
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Wilmot Proviso- David Wilmot plan for free labor and no slavery in the west., BUT he called for it to be “white free land not for negros” This brought to light that Northerner’s were against blacks not just slavery.
John C. Calhoun was for slave states in the west to keep the numbers equal to Free states. The battle raged on.
Lewis Cass Popular sovereignty plan, territories would vote on slave or free. The question became at what point in their statehood.
Taylor wants to add California and New Mexico as free states.
Henry Clay wants to add California free but let slaves stay in other areas until decided, but strengthen the fugitive slave law.
John Calhoun states by adding California you kill the equality and the south will secede.
Daniel Webster called for a compromise.
Omnibus Bill- was the compromise, but it was voted down.
Compromise of 1850- California free state, New Mexico and Utah territories decide by vote, Texas gets 10 mil for Boundary with New Mexico, Slave trade ended in DC. Millard Filmore approves. He is president since Taylor died.