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MODERNIZING LABOUR INSPECTION IN BRAZIL Junia Maria Barreto Director of Occupational Safety and Health Department Minist

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MODERNIZING LABOUR INSPECTION IN BRAZIL Junia Maria Barreto Director of Occupational Safety and Health Department Ministry of Labor and Employment Brazil. Area (Km 2 ) : 8.547.403,5 Population: 191.854.933 Economically active: 99,5 million

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slide1

MODERNIZING LABOUR INSPECTION IN BRAZIL

  • Junia Maria Barreto
  • Director of Occupational Safety and Health Department
  • Ministry of Labor and Employment
  • Brazil
slide2
Area (Km2) : 8.547.403,5
  • Population: 191.854.933
  • Economically active: 99,5 million
  • 2997 inspectors in a federal system – 1/3 of them specialists or with training in occupational health or safety engineering
  • 27 regional units + 115 subregional units
  • 40 million employees in more than 7 million worksites
slide3
Inspectors in regional and subregional units (two areas: “general” and OSH)
    • technically subordinated to the central organ
    • access to the career is exclusively through national examination
    • federal public servants
    • free access to all workplaces
    • check the compliance with legal provisions about labor protection and occupational safety and health regulations
    • analyses work-related accidents
    • power to impose interdictions or debarments and to impose fines
    • can have access to all documents related to the compliance of the labor law
slide4

Labor Inspection programmes includes:

    • Worker Protection Network
    • Slave Work
    • Child Labor
    • Health and Safety at Work – inspection and regulation actions
  • In 2007, 653 090 work-related accidents with 2 804 deaths
    • 159 741 occupational diseases
    • 8 504 workers with permanent disability in consequence of the accidentes/diseases
  • OSH area (2008): 150 000 inspections performed with 5 000 interdictions or debarments, 40 000 fines imposed, 2 000 accidents analised

Apesar de ser possível adicionar vídeos dentro da própria apresentação, recomenda-se que a adição de vídeos seja feita através de links para os respectivos arquivos.

slide5

First Regulation of Labour Inspection: 1965

    • Remuneration x productivity
    • Salary + Bonus related to the number and size of workplaces inspected (12 000 “points”)
  • Division in general inspectors and OSH inspectors (all of them specialists in occupational health or safety engineering)
  • No planning of the inspection activities, except after 1998, only in the OSH area (inspection projects with focus in economical activities with more work-related accidents)
  • Obrigado por sua atenção.
slide6

2004: Law n. 10910 – re-structures Labour Inspector’s career

    • New inspectors in OSH area - no more only for specialists
    • Goals of productivity with financial impacts related to:
      • Reduction of the informality rates
      • Maximization of the collection rates the Mandatory Fund for Unemployment Benefit (FGTS) and fight against tax evasion
      • Reduction of work-related risks
    • Inspectors of both areas must contribute to at least two of these objectives
  • Obrigado por sua atenção.
slide7

Benefits

    • Development of new strategies and inspection methods with focus in economical sectors, clusters and productive chains
    • Annual plannig focused in problems selected in consultation with workers representatives
    • More efficiency
  • Difficulties
    • Measurement of inspector’s production do not considered the size of the enterprise and important safety and health issues
    • Challenge of effectiveness
  • Obrigado por sua atenção.
slide9

Law nº 11.890, 2008

    • Changes the type of the remuneration of all federal inspectors
    • No relationship between productivity and salaries
    • Challenge: construct a new and better management system for Labor Inspection
slide10

2009

    • New work methodology definition
    • Emphasis on quality in search of better and sustainable results and greater efficiency and effectiveness
  • Guidelines for labor inspection
    • to plan the work together
    • to work in teams
    • to develop inspection projects
    • to change experiences
    • to dialogue with social partners
slide11

Inspection projects

    • National and regional diagnosis
    • Focus on priorities
      • National
      • Regional
    • Plans for 4 years, with annual reviews
    • Definition of objectives, goals and indicators
    • “Mixed” teams
    • Development of tools to help and harmonize inspection procedures
    • Evaluation: global, for each project, for each inspector