title vi and fares march 18 2013 jonathan ocana equal opportunity specialist n.
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Title VI and Fares March 18, 2013 Jonathan Ocana Equal Opportunity Specialist

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Title VI and Fares March 18, 2013 Jonathan Ocana Equal Opportunity Specialist. An Overview. Title VI Applicability Public Outreach Fare Policy Fare Changes. Title VI Applicability. Statute Applies to recipients

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an overview
An Overview
  • Title VI Applicability
  • Public Outreach
  • Fare Policy
  • Fare Changes
title vi applicability
Title VI Applicability
  • Statute
  • Applies to recipients
  • “No person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance”
the basics
The Basics
  • Public Outreach is required of all recipients
  • Fare Policy reserved for transit agencies meeting the threshold
public outreach
Public Outreach

The public participation plan will contain:

  • Proactive Strategies,
  • Procedures, and
  • Desired Outcomes

Suggested Participation Plan strategies and examples

    • Meetings at convenient times and accessible locations
    • Utilizing different meeting sizes and formats
    • Alternative advertising platforms
    • Varying community interaction
the purpose of a fare equity analysis
The Purpose of a Fare Equity Analysis
  • A fare equity analysis is an assessment conducted by a transit provider to determine whether fare changes, either increases or decreases, will result in a disparate impact on Title VI-protected populations
fare equity analysis
Fare Equity Analysis
  • Must be completed by transit providers with 50+ vehicles in peak period in large UZAs
  • Applies to all fare changes
    • Regardless of amount
    • Regardless whether increase or decrease
    • Completed during the planning stage
    • Evaluate effect on Title VI-protected populations and low-income populations
fare equity analysis exceptions
Fare Equity Analysis Exceptions
  • “Spare the air days”
    • Temporary fare reductions that are mitigation measures for other actions
  • Promotional fare reductions. If a promotional or temporary fare reduction lasts longer than six months, then FTA considers the fare reduction permanent and the transit provider must conduct a fare equity analysis
fare changes and special projects
Fare Changes and Special Projects
  • Transit providers that will implement a New Start, Small Start, or other new fixed guideway capital project shall conduct a service and fare equity analysis
  • The analysis must be conducted 6 months prior to beginning revenue operations
fare equity analysis framework
Fare Equity Analysis Framework
  • Evaluate fare impacts on minority and low-income populations separately
  • Using the following framework:
    • Develop Disparate Impact Policy and Disproportionate Burden Policy with Public Participation
    • Analyze data
    • Assess Impacts
    • Modify Proposal if Necessary
    • Finding a Disparate Impact
    • Examining Alternatives
    • Finding a Disproportionate Burden

Transit providers with 50 or more vehicles in fixed route service that are located in large UZAs and that have not conducted passenger surveys in the last five years will have until December 31, 2013, to conduct these surveys.

fare equity changes data analysis
Fare Equity Changes: Data Analysis
  • Analyze information generated from ridership surveys
  • Transit Provider shall:
    • Determine the number and percent of users of each fare media being changed;
    • Review fares before and after the change;
    • Compare the differences for each particular fare media; and
    • Compare the differences for each particular fare media
sample disparate impact policy
Sample Disparate Impact Policy
  • Fares
  • Applied to fare changes consistently, i.e. mathematically consistent throughout the analysis
  • Use the Board approved disparate impact policy until next Title VI program submittal
  • Disparate Impact Policy Example:
    • Statistical significance is deemed a +/-5% difference between the impacts of the fare changes before and after on minority passengers compared to the impacts borne by non-minority passengers.
fare equity submission
Fare Equity Submission
  • Fare Equity analyses will be submitted to FTA as part of a transit provider’s Title VI program
  • Conduct fare equity analysis prior to fare change to determine whether planned changes will have a disparate impact

Direct questions regarding the Title VI Circular 4702.1B to: