S ílabas , Acentos, y Diptongos - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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S ílabas , Acentos, y Diptongos

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  1. Sílabas, Acentos, y Diptongos (Syllables, Accents, and Dipthongs)

  2. In Spanish, you divide words into syllables after a vowel sound or between most double consonants. Listen to and say these words: cla-se sá-ba-do mú-si-ca Ma-ris-cos Fres-co En-cien-do Par-que Can-tan-te Syllables

  3. Sílabas cont… • However, you do not separate most combinations of a consonant followed by an “L” or “R”. • Do-ble • Re-fres-cos • In-gre-dien-tes • Vi-na-gre

  4. Strong Vowels • The strong vowels in Spanish are “A”, “E”, and “O”. When two strong vowels appear together, each is pronounced individually forming two syllables. • Pa-e-lla • Tra-e-mos • Fe-o • To-a-lla • Hé-ro-e

  5. Weak vowels or Sticky vowels • The vowels “I” and “U” are weak vowels or sometimes called “sticky vowels”. When there is a two vowel combination and one of the letters is a sticky vowel, then the two vowels stick together and form one syllable sound.

  6. Sticky Vowels “I” • ai or ia - farmacia • ei or ie - seis • oi or io - violín • ui or iu THESE ARE CALLED DIPTHONGS

  7. Sticky Vowels “U” • au or ua –auto agua • eu or ue –eugenia, que • iu or ui- • ou or uo • THESE ARE ALSO CALLED DIPTHONGS

  8. Accents The pronunciation of a word in Spanish is determined by the last letter of the word

  9. Regla #1 • If a word ends in a vowel, the letter “s” or the letter “n”, then the strong syllable is on the 2nd to the last syllable. • La piscina • El centro • Estudioso • gracioso

  10. Regla #2 • If a word ends in any other consonant (besides s and n) then the stressed syllable is the last syllable. • Comunidad • Profesor • Papel • reloj • festival

  11. When do you have to write the accent? When the pronunciation of the word is contrary to rule #1 or rule #2, you have to write in the accent mark. Rule #1 Rule #2 Plátano lápiz Patín fútbol Cómodo césped

  12. Payaso Ciudad Abrigo Zapato Camisa Papel Amigo primavera Articulo Detras Aqui Almacen Articulo Magnifico Leccion Publico Limite Listen to the word and tell me if you need to write in an a

  13. Payaso Ciudad Abrigo Zapato Camisa Papel Amigo primavera Artículo Detrás Aquí Almacén Artículo Magnífico Público Límite Answers

  14. Dipthongs and Accents When you want to divide a dipthong (or unstick a sticky vowel, then write an accent over the weak vowel of the dipthong. panería Alegría leíste

  15. Another purpose for Accents • Accents are also used to distinguish words si, sí el, él mas, más mi, mí se, sé