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Nelson Mandela’s8 LEADERSHIP LESSONS • group one • christine, liyan, marcus, nicole
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela • Born 18 July 1918 • Former president of South Africa (1994 - 1999) • Famous for standing against racism and apartheid in South Africa • Jailed for 28 years on accusation charges of violently overthrowing the government. • Won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.
Lesson 1 • Courage is not the absence of fear, it's inspiring others to move beyond it.
Lesson 1 • When situations go wrong, a leader is to exhibit composure and handle the situation calmly even as he/she feels frantic. • Others who look up to the leader can then follow suit and act rationally to resolve the issue.
Lesson 1 The act of courage by not showing fear and anxiety is not for oneself, but to inspire others to courageously strive on.
Lesson 2 Lead from the front, but don’t leave your base behind.
Lesson 2 • Though a leader must possess a vision for the future and work towards that, he/she must not neglect the support and aid given behind him. • Instead of focusing all of one’s attention on moving forward, one must always assess the situation and check if everything is in order before advancing.
Lesson 3 • Lead from the back, let others believe they are in front. “The chief's job, was not to tell people what to do but to form a consensus. Don't enter the debate too early," - Nelson Mandela
Lesson 3 • A leader gives others a chance to present their views and make them think that they are leading the show, so that they would want to contribute. By presenting his thoughts about everybody’s suggestions and evaluating them, he can steer the group towards the right path. • It isn’t a leader imposing a decision upon others, but a unanimous agreement that has been reached.
Lesson 4 • Know your enemy, learn about his favourite sport.
Lesson 4 • By finding out more about your rival, (i.e. his personality, likes, dislikes, style of working etc) , you are better able to approach them and win them over. • Understanding where others are coming from can help different parties to reach a consensus.
Lesson 5 • Keep your friends close, and your rivals even closer. “Mandela believed that embracing his rivals was a way of controlling them: they were more dangerous on their own than within his circle of influence.”
Lesson 5 • Display your charm and build rapport with people, especially those who you do not like, so that their strengths can be fully utilised. • If a rival is strong, the best option is not to remove him, but to win him over so that you will have an asset on your team.
Lesson 6 • Appearances matter and remember to smile.
Lesson 6 • How you present yourself in private and in public exudes an aura of who you are. • Most importantly, smiling no matter what shows that you are confident and exuberant, hiding any traces of bitterness or anxiety that you might have.
Lesson 7 • Nothing is Black or White
Lesson 7 • Bias or being prejudiced towards a group of people clouds your judgement and views of them. A leader has to place everyone on the same platform before he is able to make a clear rational decision
Lesson 8 • Quitting is leading too.
Lesson 8 • The leader must know when to accept failure with humility and move on to greater things, for failure is definitely inevitable. Learning how to take these past failures in one’s stride and stop holding on stubbornly is the right kind of quitting. • It is only in knowing when to quit which makes you a leader.