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Zechariah. Post-exilic = “after” – “the Babylonian deportation”. Post-exilic = “after” – “the Babylonian deportation”. 722 – Assyrian deportation of the N. Tribes 605-586 – Babylonian deportation of Judah. 539 BC?. 539 BC.

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post exilic after the babylonian deportation1

Post-exilic = “after” – “the Babylonian deportation”

722 – Assyrian deportation of the N. Tribes

605-586 – Babylonian deportation of Judah

539 bc1

539 BC

Cyrus the Persian overthrew Babylon, and permitted the exiled Jews to return to the land

3 series of exiles returning1
3 Series of exiles returning
  • Zerubbabel 538 BC
  • Ezra 458 BC
3 series of exiles returning2
3 Series of exiles returning
  • Zerubbabel 538 BC
  • Ezra 458 BC
  • Nehemiah 445 BC
first series of events 538 bc
First Series of Events – 538 BC
  • Zerubbabel brings back about 50,000 people
first series of events 538 bc1
First Series of Events – 538 BC
  • Zerubbabel brings back about 50,000 people
  • 2nd Temple begins construction (536 BC) – 70 years after the first wave of captivity
first series of events 538 bc2
First Series of Events – 538 BC
  • Zerubbabel brings back about 50,000 people
  • 2nd Temple begins construction (536 BC) – 70 years after the first wave of captivity
  • Resistance brought it to a halt
first series of events 538 bc3
First Series of Events – 538 BC
  • Zerubbabel brings back about 50,000 people
  • 2nd Temple begins construction (536 BC) – 70 years after the first wave of captivity
  • Resistance brought it to a halt
  • Haggai the prophet comes to stir the people to finish (520), and they do (516)
first series of events 538 bc4
First Series of Events – 538 BC
  • Haggai the prophet comes to stir the people to finish (520), and they do (516)
  • Esther in Persia (483-473), indicating a significant population still in the exile lands
second and third series of events 458 445 bc
Second and Third Series of Events 458 & 445 BC
  • Ezra leads the next return to the land, about 7000-8000 (Ez. 7-10) (458)
  • Nehemiah leads the third return to the land, to repair the walls of Jerusalem (445)
  • Ezra preaches, the people adopt a covenant
  • Nehemiah leaves and returns (424)
the cleansing of israel
The Cleansing of Israel
  • The Cleansing of the people of their sin and impurity
the cleansing of israel1
The Cleansing of Israel
  • The Cleansing of the people of their sin and impurity
  • The Cleansing of the land from false religion
the cleansing of israel2
The Cleansing of Israel
  • The Cleansing of the people of their sin and impurity
  • The Cleansing of the land from false religion
    • No toleration for false prophets and idolatry
the cleansing of israel3
The Cleansing of Israel
  • The Cleansing of the people of their sin and impurity
  • The Cleansing of the land from false religion
    • No toleration for false prophets and idolatry
    • No place for such an occupation
the cleansing of israel4
The Cleansing of Israel
  • The Cleansing of the people of their sin and impurity
  • The Cleansing of the land from false religion
    • No toleration for false prophets and idolatry
    • No place for such an occupation
      • Clandestine false prophets
the cleansing of israel5
The Cleansing of Israel
  • The Cleansing of the people of their sin and impurity
  • The Cleansing of the land from false religion
    • No toleration for false prophets and idolatry
    • No place for such an occupation
      • Clandestine false prophets
      • In denial false prophets
the cleansing of israel6
The Cleansing of Israel
  • The Cleansing of the people of their sin and impurity
  • The Cleansing of the land from false religion
    • No toleration for false prophets and idolatry
    • No place for such an occupation
      • Clandestine false prophets
      • In denial false prophets
  • The Cleansing of the remnant of Israel for salvation
the cleansing of israel7
The Cleansing of Israel
  • The Cleansing of the people of their sin and impurity
  • The Cleansing of the land from false religion
    • No toleration for false prophets and idolatry
    • No place for such an occupation
      • Clandestine false prophets
      • In denial false prophets
  • The Cleansing of the remnant of Israel for salvation
    • Piercing the Shepherd
the cleansing of israel8
The Cleansing of Israel
  • The Cleansing of the people of their sin and impurity
  • The Cleansing of the land from false religion
    • No toleration for false prophets and idolatry
    • No place for such an occupation
      • Clandestine false prophets
      • In denial false prophets
  • The Cleansing of the remnant of Israel for salvation
    • Piercing the Shepherd
    • Thinning the flock
the cleansing of israel9
The Cleansing of Israel
  • The Cleansing of the people of their sin and impurity
  • The Cleansing of the land from false religion
    • No toleration for false prophets and idolatry
    • No place for such an occupation
      • Clandestine false prophets
      • In denial false prophets
  • The Cleansing of the remnant of Israel for salvation
    • Piercing the Shepherd
    • Thinning the flock
    • Refining the remnant
slide34

Luther: “Here, in this chapter, I give up. For I am not sure what the prophet is talking about”

slide35

Luther: “Here, in this chapter, I give up. For I am not sure what the prophet is talking about”

H.C. Leupold: “Our verse do not, therefore, apply to any one situation. They do not describe a siege, capture and captivity which actually occurred. By means of a figure they describe a situation which obtains continually through New Testament times. God’s people shall continually be antagonized and suffer bitter adversity at the hands of their foes and shall in consequence be brought low; but there shall always be an imperishable remnant, and that not so extremely small.”

slide36

He continues the same subject, that God’s power would be then conspicuous in putting enemies to flight. He indeed illustrates here his discourse by figurative expressions, as though he wished to bring the Jews to see the scene itself; for the object of the personification is no other but that the faithful might set God before them as it were in a visible form; and thus he confirms their faith, as indeed it was necessary;

slide37

for as we are dull and entangled in earthly thoughts, our minds can hardly rise up to heaven, though the Lord with a clear voice invites us to himself. The Prophet then,

in order to aid our weakness, adds a vivid representation, as though God stood before their eyes.

Stand, he says, shall his feet on the mount of Olives. He does not here promise a miracle, such as even the ignorant might conceive to be literal;

slide38

nor does he do this in what follows, when he says, The mount shall be rent, and half of it shall thorn to the east and half to the west. This has never happened, that mount has never been rent: but as the Prophet could not, under those grievous trials, which might have overwhelmed the minds of the godly a hundred times, have extolled the power of God as much as the exigency of the case required without employing a highly figurative language, he therefore accommodates himself, as I have said, to the capacity of our flesh.

slide39

The import of the whole is, — that God’s power would be so remarkable in the deliverance of his Church, as though God manifested himself in a visible form and reviewed the battle from the top of the mountain, and gave orders how everything was to be done.

John Calvin – Zechariah Commentary

jerusalem s final conflict1
Jerusalem’s Final Conflict
  • Anti-Christ’s Seige
jerusalem s final conflict2
Jerusalem’s Final Conflict
  • Anti-Christ’s Seige
  • The Conquest Described
jerusalem s final conflict3
Jerusalem’s Final Conflict
  • Anti-Christ’s Seige
  • The Conquest Described
  • The Return of the Lord
jerusalem s final conflict4
Jerusalem’s Final Conflict
  • Anti-Christ’s Seige
  • The Conquest Described
  • The Return of the Lord
    • A Cosmic Split – Eschatological Sign
jerusalem s final conflict5
Jerusalem’s Final Conflict
  • Anti-Christ’s Seige
  • The Conquest Described
  • The Return of the Lord
    • A Cosmic Split – Eschatological Sign
    • A Miraculous Rescue – Eschatological Salvation
jerusalem s final conflict6
Jerusalem’s Final Conflict
  • Anti-Christ’s Seige
  • The Conquest Described
  • The Return of the Lord
    • A Cosmic Split – Eschatological Sign
    • A Miraculous Rescue – Eschatological Salvation
    • A Gathering for War – Eschatological Shock and Awe
jerusalem s final conflict7
Jerusalem’s Final Conflict
  • Jews and Israel will be a sovereign nation centered from Jerusalem one day in the future
  • The nations of the world will gather against the Jews and Jerusalem, at the inspiration of Antichrist
  • They will experience a short lived conquest of Jerusalem
  • At the apex of their seizure of the city, the LORD appears to fight them in an epic war
  • Mount of Olives will be the touch-down place of His return with the armies of heaven
  • The mountain will split into two, for the rescue of the remnant
  • The battle will be a one-sided bloodshed of all the armies of the nations