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prosinec 2013 VY_32_INOVACE_AGJ_140304. OPAVA. Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je Mgr. Soňa Quisová. Střední škola hotelnictví a služeb a Vyšší odborná škola, Opava, příspěvková organizace.

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opava

prosinec 2013 VY_32_INOVACE_AGJ_140304

OPAVA

Autorem materiálu a všech jeho částí, není-li uvedeno jinak, je Mgr. Soňa Quisová.

Střední škola hotelnictví a služeb a Vyšší odborná škola, Opava, příspěvková organizace.

Materiál byl vytvořen v rámci projektu OP VK 1.5 – EU peníze středním školám,

registrační číslo CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0879.

opava basic facts
Opava – basic facts
  • Opava is a statutory town
  • has about 60 thousand inhabitants
  • lies on the Opava river about 260 m above sea level
  • it has a few suburbs (Kateřinky, Jaktař, Kylešovice) and urban parts (Komárov, Malé Hoštice, etc.)
  • nicknames: White Opava, Opava of Petr Bezruč

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opava history
Opava – history
  • the first written evidence about the existence of the settlement comes from 1195
  • it was given the town rights by Přemysl Otakar I in 1224
  • Opava became the seatof the Royal Mintin the 13th century
  • it became a princedomat the beginning of the 14th century
  • Opava was occupiedby Swedish troops during the Thirty Years´ War

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the coat of arms of Opava

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Opava became the residence of regional authorities for Silesia in the 18th century

  • it was a district townof Silesia from 1782 to 1928
  • Opava became a partof Germanyafter the Munich agreement
  • the town was liberatedin April 1945 by the Red Army, most of the town was destroyed in fights

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old postcards of Opava

opava historical sights
Opava – historical sights

The town hall – Hláska

  • in the Upper Square
  • built in 1618
  • with a watch tower – opento public – nice viewsof the surrounding and Opava
  • the tower was originally wooden but destroyed by a gale
  • it used to house the museum and the archives
  • a theatre on the first floor
  • the seat of town authoritiesnow

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the silesian museum
The Silesian Museum
  • founded in 1814
  • the oldest in the Czech Republic and Central Europe
  • collections of animals, plants, minerals, coins, prehistory, etc.

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the silesian t heatre
The Silesian Theatre
  • in the Upper square
  • the construction began in May 1804, opened a year later
  • burnt down in 1909
  • reconstructed many times
  • the reconstructionsof the interiors from 2010 to 2011
  • we can see dramas, operas, musicals and ballet there

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the palaces
The palaces

the Blűcher Palace – built in the Baroque style on the site of a noble house

  • situated in Masarykova street, the Department of Nature Study of the Silesian Museum now

the Sobek Palace – built in the Baroque style with a painted portrait of Black Madona witha baby

  • situated in Masarykova street
  • the seat of a forest company now

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the churches
The churches

The Church of Virgin Mary Assumption

  • a very significant Gothic sight built of bricks
  • in the centre of town
  • built in the 14th century on a site of a Romanesque church
  • withtwo towers – one not finished, the other with a Baroque cupola
  • declared a National cultural sight
  • the interior was decoratedin the Baroque style

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The Church of the Holy Spirit with the Minorite Monastery

  • in Masarykova street
  • originally built in the Gothic style
  • reconstructed into the Baroque style later
  • the monastery is partly used by the Church
  • the other part togetherwith the garden is usedby public for concertsof classical music, conferences, social events, etc.

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The Church of St Adalbert

  • built in the 17th century

on a site of a small Gothic church

  • in the Baroque style,with two chapels on both sides
  • burnt down (1945), the altar and frescos destroyed
  • houses the archives
  • there is a Marian columnin front of the church

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The Church of St Wenceslas

with a former monastery

  • there is a chapel with frescos from the 14th century
  • the monastic buildings housethe House of Arts and the Basic Art school

The Church of the Holy Cross

  • called the Swedish chapel (used by Swedish soldiers during the Thirty Years´ War)
  • an octagonal shape
  • built of bricks in the Gothic style

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parks
Parks
  • there are a lot of parks in Opava
  • the oldest and largest is the Municipal Park – founded at the end of the 18th century
  • a firing range used to be there
  • a place for relaxation, sports activities (cycling, roller-blading), playgrounds anda nearby outdoor swimming pool from 1930

Dvořák´s Park

  • trees as old as 120 years
  • an alley lined with lindens, chestnuts, maple and ash trees
  • a statue of Petr Bezruč

Petr Bezruč Memorial

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the statue of New Opava

Svoboda´s Park

•the main point is the fountainwith the statue of New Opava

  • includes a hundred-year-old alley of maple trees
  • a very favourite place is the so-called Bird´s hill with a music pavilion
  • there were aviaries with birds
  • we can see bronze sculptures of birds there now

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Křížkovský Park

  • named after a choirmaster, composer and conductor Pavel Křížkovský
  • we can see his bust below the stairs leading to the Bird´s hill

Smetana´s Park

  • with a bust of Bedřich Smetana
  • leading to the Silesian Museum

an information boardcalled Get to know the trees in Opava parks

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other important buildings and places of interest
Other important buildings and places of interest

Beethoven´s House

Petr Bezruč library

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Municipalsavings bank

Communal house

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the transport
The transport
  • there are two railway stations
  • we can also travel by trolleybuses and buses round the town
  • in the past there were trams running in the town

the trolleybus from 1992

the newly reconstructedbuilding of the railwaystation got the award The most beautiful railway station of the Czech Republic in 2012

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shopping
Shopping

the building of the former department store called Breda built in 1920s by an architect Bauer(it has 7 floors); at that time it was the biggest department store in the Czech Republic

  • there are a lot of super and hypermarketsin the suburbs
  • there are not many shops in the centre– most of them were closed or movedinto the newly opened shopping centre called Breda & Weinstein

obr. 22

schools and universities
Schools and universities
  • there are a lot of primary schools, two grammar schools and many secondary schools
  • there is also a university established in 1991 which offers various fields of study
  • it has 5 colleges, students can choose from bachelor's or master's degrees

the main building

of theuniversity

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sports possibilities
Sports possibilities
  • ice-hockey stadium
  • football stadium
  • athletic stadium
  • two swimming pools– an indoor and outdoor one
  • volleyball, basketball, tennis, squash orbadminton courts
  • skate park
  • people can do roller-blading and joggingin the Municipal Park
  • one can also go cycling or running along the river
  • nature lovers can go horse-riding
culture and entertainment
Culture and entertainment
  • there are some festivals people can visit e.g. Bezručova Opava– focusing on fine art, literature, film and music
  • Opava Cantat – the competition festivalof choirs
  • DalšíBřehy
  • fans of films and drama can go to the theatre and cinema
  • many galleries
  • concerts are heldin the Multifunctional Hall in the Municipal park
  • concerts of classical music take place in churches or the Minorite monastery
famous people
Famous people
  • J.G.Mendel – a genetics founder, studied at Opava grammar school here
  • Joy Adams – awriter and painter born in Opava, famous for her love for Africa (especially for wild cats)
  • Petr Bezruč – a Silesian poet, wrote the collection of poems called Silesian songs
  • Boris Rösner (an actor), born in Opava
  • Bohdan Sláma (a film director), born in Opava
  • sportsmen, such as Libor Kozák, David Moravec
  • and many others
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POUŽITÁ LITERATURA

  • DVOŘÁČEK, Petr. 101 nejkrásnějších míst České republiky. 2008. vyd. Olomouc: Rubico, 2008. ISBN 978-80-7346-092-1.
  • GEMBLOVÁ, Alena, Eva JANSA, Lenka NAJMANOVÁ, Ivo PAULÍK a Tomáš VYŠOHLÍD. Velká výletní kniha Česká republika. 2006. vyd. Německo: Marco Polo, 2006. ISBN 51-332-0137-0.
  • DAVID, Petr a Vladimír SOUKUP. Velká cestovní kniha: Česká republika. 2008. vyd. Praha: Marco Polo, 2008. ISBN 978-80-86899-32-9.
citace zdroj
CITACE ZDROJŮ
  • obr.1: MOTYUEK. File:Opava-mestske-casti.jpg – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2008. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28].Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Opava-mestske-casti.jpg?uselang=cs
  • obr. 2: LUCPOL. Soubor:Opava COA.png – Wikipedie [online]. 2007. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28].Dostupné z: http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soubor:Opava_COA.png
  • obr. 3: LINDENMAN, Erwin. File:Troppau Kaserne.png – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2010. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28].Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Troppau_Kaserne.png?uselang=cs
  • obr. 4: PICMAN. File:Troppau F.J.Platz.jpg – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2007. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28].Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Troppau_F.J.Platz.jpg?uselang=cs
  • obr. 5: VIŠŇAO. File:Radnice Hláska na Horním náměstí.jpg – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2008. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28]. Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Radnice_Hl%C3%A1ska_na_Horn%C3%ADm_n%C3%A1m%C4%9Bst%C3%AD.jpg?uselang=cs
  • obr. 6: STIX, Jana. Soubor:Historická výstavní budova v roce 2008.jpg – Wikipedie [online]. 2011. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28]. Dostupné z: http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soubor:Historick%C3%A1_v%C3%BDstavn%C3%AD_budova_v_roce_2008.jpg
  • obr. 7: LESTAT. File:Opava - Slezské Divadlo 01.jpg – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2008. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28].Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Opava_-_Slezsk%C3%A9_Divadlo_01.jpg?uselang=cs
  • obr. 8: PRAZAK. File:Opava - katedrála Nanebevzetí Panny Marie.jpg – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2007. vyd.[cit. 2013-12-28]. Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Opava_-_katedr%C3%A1la_Nanebevzet%C3%AD_Panny_Marie.jpg?uselang=cs
  • obr. 9: PRAZAK. Soubor:Opava - Blucherův palác.jpg – Wikipedie [online]. 2007. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28].Dostupné z: http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soubor:Opava_-_Blucher%C5%AFv_pal%C3%A1c.jpg
  • obr. 10: PRAZAK. Soubor:Opava - Sobkův palác.jpg – Wikipedie [online]. 2007. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28].Dostupné z: http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soubor:Opava_-_Sobk%C5%AFv_pal%C3%A1c.jpg
citace zdroj1
CITACE ZDROJŮ
  • obr. 11: OSLM. Soubor:Universitätskirche Troppau.JPG – Wikipedie [online]. 2008. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28].Dostupné z: http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soubor:Universit%C3%A4tskirche_Troppau.JPG
  • obr. 12: PRAZAK. File:Opava - minoritský klášter.jpg – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2007. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28].Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Opava_-_minoritsk%C3%BD_kl%C3%A1%C5%A1ter.jpg?uselang=cs
  • obr. 13: PUDELEK. File:Opava (Troppau) - kostel svatého Vojtěcha.jpg – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2009. vyd.[cit. 2013-12-28]. Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Opava_%28Troppau%29_-_kostel_svat%C3%A9ho_Vojt%C4%9Bcha.jpg?uselang=cs
  • obr. 14: POLÁK, Jan. File:Opava, kostel svatého Václava.jpg – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2013. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28]. Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Opava,_kostel_svat%C3%A9ho_V%C3%A1clava.jpg?uselang=cs
  • obr. 15: POLÁK, Jan. File:Opava, Dvořákovy sady, Bezručův pomník.jpg – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2013. vyd.[cit. 2013-12-28]. Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Opava,_Dvo%C5%99%C3%A1kovy_sady,_Bezru%C4%8D%C5%AFv_pomn%C3%ADk.jpg?uselang=cs
  • obr. 16: MOLS1950. File:Opava, Sady Svobody, socha Nová Opava..JPG – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2011. vyd.[cit. 2013-12-28]. Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Opava,_Sady_Svobody,_socha_Nov%C3%A1_Opava..JPG?uselang=cs
  • obr. 17: POLÁK, Jan. File:Opava, park, informační tabule (2).jpg – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2013. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28]. Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Opava,_park,_informa%C4%8Dn%C3%AD_tabule_%282%29.jpg?uselang=cs
  • obr. 18: POLÁK, Jan. File:Opava, Beethovenův dům.jpg – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2013. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28]. Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Opava,_Beethoven%C5%AFv_d%C5%AFm.jpg?uselang=cs
  • obr: 19: POLÁK, Jan. File:Opava, knihovna.jpg – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2013. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28].Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Opava,_knihovna.jpg?uselang=cs
citace zdroj2
CITACE ZDROJŮ
  • obr. 20: POLÁK, Jan. File:Opava, městská spořitelna.jpg – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2013. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28]. Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Opava,_m%C4%9Bstsk%C3%A1_spo%C5%99itelna.jpg?uselang=cs
  • obr. 21: POLÁK, Jan. File:Opava, Obecní dům (2).jpg – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2013. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28].Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Opava,_Obecn%C3%AD_d%C5%AFm_%282%29.jpg?uselang=cs
  • obr. 22: MOLS1950. File:Nádraží Opava-východ.JPG – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2013. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28].Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:N%C3%A1dra%C5%BE%C3%AD_Opava-v%C3%BDchod.JPG?uselang=cs
  • obr. 23: FELIX. File:Opava, Škoda 9Tr, rok 1992 (2).jpg – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 1992. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28].Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Opava,_%C5%A0koda_9Tr,_rok_1992_%282%29.jpg?uselang=cs
  • obr. 24: LESTAT. File:Opava - Breda 01.jpg – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2011. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28].Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Opava_-_Breda_01.jpg?uselang=cs
  • obr. 25: POLÁK, Jan. File:Opava, Slezská univerzita (2).jpg – Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2013. vyd. [cit. 2013-12-28]. Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Opava,_Slezsk%C3%A1_univerzita_%282%29.jpg?uselang=cs
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