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Why Study Money, Banking, and Financial Markets?. Chapter 1 By: Madam Maira Zaib. www.IMSciences.net. Why Study Money, Banking, and Financial Markets. To examine the role of money in the economy To examine how financial institutions such as banks and insurance companies work

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why study money banking and financial markets

Why Study Money, Banking, and Financial Markets?

Chapter 1

By: Madam Maira Zaib

www.IMSciences.net

why study money banking and financial markets2
Why Study Money, Banking, andFinancial Markets
  • To examine the role of money in

the economy

  • To examine how financial institutions

such as banks and insurance

companies work

  • To examine how financial markets

such as bond, stock and foreign

exchange markets work

financial system introduction
Financial System; Introduction

Financial Systemis the group of individuals, intermediaries and institutions that can potentially interact or participate in transactions that involve real or financial assets.

  • The financial assets are instruments that facilitate transactions in real assets or constitute the subject of a transaction between market participants.
  • The financial markets facilitate the trading of financial assets between market participants and
  • The financial intermediaries facilitate the financial transactions of market participants.
financial system participants
Financial system participants

The Financial System provides the environment in which the individual investors and companies operate.

Financial system participants:

– Individuals.

– Companies.

– Financial institutions, private and public organizations.

– Governments.

financial intermediaries
Financial Intermediaries
  • Financial Intermediaries (FI) are companies that act as mediators between surplus and deficit economic agents.
  • Financial Intermediaries:

– Deposit takers.

      • Banks

– Non-deposit takers

      • Contractual Saving Institutions
      • Investment Intermediaries
financial markets
Financial Markets

Financial markets (FMs) are organized and highly regulated mechanisms that facilitate the transactions between investors and companies or other market participants that act as investors or intermediaries.

  • Direct & Indirect Markets
  • Primary & Secondary Markets
  • Money & Capital Markets
financial markets8
Financial Markets
  • Markets in which funds are transferred from people who have an excess of available funds to people who have a shortage of funds
the bond market and interest rates
The Bond Market and Interest Rates
  • A security (financial instrument) is a

claim on the issuer’s future income

or assets

  • A bond is a debt security that promises

to make payments periodically for a

specified period of time

  • An interest rate is the cost of borrowing

or the price paid for the rental of fund

the stock market
The Stock Market
  • Common stock represents a share of ownership in a corporation
  • A share of stock is a claim on the earnings and assets of the corporation
the foreign exchange market
The Foreign Exchange Market

• The foreign exchange market is where

funds are converted from one currency

into another

• The foreign exchange rate is the

price of one currency in terms of

another currency

• The foreign exchange market

determines the foreign exchange rate

banking and financial institutions
Banking and Financial Institutions

• Financial Intermediaries—institutions that borrow funds from people who have saved and make loans to other people

• Banks—institutions that accept deposits and make loans

• Other Financial Institutions—insurance companies, finance companies, pension funds, mutual funds and investment banks

• Financial Innovation—in particular, the advent of the information age and e-finance