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LAKE MARIOUT MONITORING PROGRAM General manual for monitoring team July 2008
Content • Background • Legislation Framework • Authorities and Responsibility • Unit Structure & Organization • Lake Quality • Monitoring Plan
Legislation National Law • Law 48 of year 1982 regulates the protection of all fresh and non-fresh surface waters and reservoirs • Law No. 4, passed in 1994, is the main Environmental Law in Egypt concerning the environment and its executive regulation number 1741 of year 2005 • Law 124 of the year 1983 regulates Fishing, aquatic life, and fish farms • Decree 329 for the year 1985 to allocate aquaculture in Mariout Lake • Law 102 of year 1983 regulates Natural protectorates in Egypt
Legislation EU Guidelines • 2000/60/EC Directive establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy (Water Framework Directive), and it’s amended by directive 2008/32/EC • Council Directive 86/280/EEC of 12 June 1986 on limit values and quality objectives for discharges of certain dangerous substances included in List I of the Annex to Directive 76/464/EEC; Complement to 76/464/EEC.
Conventions • Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean (Barcelona, 1995 Convention on Biological Diversity. Rio de Janeiro, 1992 (ratified in 1994). • Protocol Concerning Mediterranean Specially Protected Areas. Geneva, 1983 (ratified in 1986). • Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Land-based Sources (Paris, 1974). • International Convention on the Protection of Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971).
Governmental authorities • Ministry of Irrigation • Egyptian Environmental affairs agency EEAA- Alexandria RBO • Alexandria Governorate • Ministry of housing (New Urban Communities authority) • Sanitary company • Ministry of Health and population (MOHP) • Ministry of Agriculture-The General Authority for Fish Resources Development (GAFRD) • Ministry of Interior
Monitoring Parameters 6 times /year NH3, SO4,Po4, chlorinated Based pesticides Do, COD, BOD , Phytoplankton (total biomass) Salinity(Na,Ca,Mg ,K,Mn,Fe) Water & sediment Once/year Benthic marcofauna (total biomass) Aquaticflora (composition/species, Abundance/ density Specific biomass) 12 times/year THM(water column, sediment , fish) PCB, DDT, VOC, O&G, PAH, NO2,NO3,Cl,Temp.,PH, Nutrients, turbidity, salinity conductivity Chlorophyll-a , Every 2 year Macro Invertebrates (species, abundance) Two times /year Phytoplankton (specific biomass) Every 3 year Visual onshore & Offshore lake borders Fish(species ,abundance, density , contamination HM)