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Funding Preschool in San Diego County
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  1. Funding Preschool in San Diego County Susan Muenchow Karen Manship September 25, 2007 Funded by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation

  2. AIR’s statewide estimate of per child operating costs • To upgrade existing State Preschool slot: $1,650-$3,250 • To upgrade existing Head Start slot: $1,400-$3,200 • Full cost of a new slot: $5,300-$6,900 (Range depends primarily on whether beginning or average teacher salaries are used.) • For comparison: Current K-12 per pupil expenditure in CA: $7,521

  3. First 5 California PFA Demonstration Grant criteria • Minimum of 3 hours/day of services for school year • Staff-child ratio of 3:24 or 2:20 • Master teacher with BA & 24 ECE units within 5 years & ECE credential within 10 years • Assistant teacher with AA degree • Compensation for BA level teacher comparable to that of public school teachers • Full-time teachers teach two 3-hour sessions

  4. San Diego P FA Demonstration Project Tier 3 Quality Assumptions • Adult : child ratios of 1:10 • Maximum group size of 20 • Score of at least 5.5 on ECERS • Score of at least 4 on ELLCO • Lead teacher holds Bachelor’s degree and has at least one year of experience in preschool classroom • Staff Development requirements

  5. Preschool in San Diego County:Next steps? Some Scenarios • Supporting all demonstration project • slots • Supporting all 4-year-olds in API 1-3 • school attendance areas • Supporting all 4-year-olds countywide • Tier 2 quality • Tier 3 quality • Average elementary teacher salaries

  6. Estimated Annual Operating Costs (in millions) * Assumes a 70% participation rate ** Does not include start-up funds for new programs

  7. Leveraging Revenue

  8. Impact of First 5 Funds • Through January 2007, First 5 San Diego and First 5 California have enhanced 492 existing preschool slots and supported 117 other new slots through the Power of Preschool demonstration grants in San Diego County.

  9. San Diego County AB172 Awards

  10. What if San Diego is allocated three times as much in AB172 funds next year? $33.6 million $23.5 million $7.0 million $18.3 million $7.4 million $8.0 million

  11. What if San Diego is allocated three times as much in AB172 funds next year? $115.6 million $81.2 million $55.9 million $90.2 million $7.4 million $18.0 million

  12. Use of Title I for preschool • Title I funds are flexible • May be used for early education, from birth through kindergarten • Chicago Parent-Child Centers funded by Title I

  13. School districts in San Diego allocating Title I dollars to preschool

  14. Title I funds for preschool • What if all school districts in San Diego county allocated 10.3% of their Title I allocation to preschool? • $11 million countywide • $1.4 million in demonstration project communities • These funds could support additional quality upgrades or improved access

  15. Using AB172 and Title I Funds: Preschool in API 1-3 neighborhoods TOTAL $97.6 million $44.9 million $11.0 million $7.4 million $18.0 million

  16. Countywide? • Estimated total cost at 70% participation: $168 million • Phase-in suggested over ten years, as outlined in 2004 recommendations • Possible sources of revenue: • AB172 ($7.4 million) • Title I ($11.0 million) • First 5? • Sliding scale/parent investment fees • School bonds • Other options Coming next...

  17. Questions? Susan Muenchow- smuenchow@air.org Karen Manship- kmanship@air.org