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Indirect Object Pronouns. FRENCH 101. Indirect Object Pronouns. When an action is directed ‘ to ’, or ‘at’ a person or object, this person or object becomes an indirect object. Il parle à  sa femme . He speaks to  his wife. Indirect Object Pronouns.

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Indirect object pronouns
Indirect Object Pronouns

  • When an action is directed ‘to’, or ‘at’ a person or object, this person or object becomes an indirect object.

    • Il parle à sa femme.

      He speaks to his wife.

Indirect object pronouns1
Indirect Object Pronouns

  • When the preposition à is followed by le, the two merge to form au. When followed by les the two form aux. This is called a contraction.

    • Jacques ressemble au maire.

      Jacques looks like the mayor.

    • Il faut parler aux enfants.

      One must speak to the children

Indirect object pronouns2
Indirect Object Pronouns

  • The indirect object pronouns are:

    • Il meparle.

    • Elle teparle.

    • Je luiparle.

    • Ellesnousparlent.

    • Il vousparle.

    • Je leurparle.

    • He speaks to me.

    • She speaks to you.

    • I speak to him/her.

    • She speaks to us.

    • He speaks to you. (plural)

    • I speak to them.

Indirect object pronouns3
Indirect Object Pronouns

  • Examples:

    • Vous répondez à la question.

      You respond to the question.

    • Vous y répondez.

      You respond to it.

    • Vous répondez à l'enseignant.

      You respond to the teacher (male ).

    • Vous lui répondez.

      You respond to him/her.

-Lui and leur are used if the indirect object is a person. They can identify “to whom” or “for whom” the action is being done.

-Y should be used if the indirect object is a noun referring to a place, idea, or thing.

Indirect object pronouns4
Indirect Object Pronouns

  • Examples:

    • Je veux des bonbons.

      Iwant candy.

    • J'enveux.

      I want some.

    • Je suisfrançaise et j'ensuisfière.

      I am French and I am proud of it.

En is a pronoun that can replace any phrase of the form“de/des/du + a thing”.

Extra note
Extra Note

  • When the preposition de is followed by le, the two merge to form du. When followed by les, the two form des.

  • Example:

    • Je suis l'homme le plus fort du monde (m.).

      I'm the strongest man in the world.

Extra note1
Extra Note

  • We saw an example above of y replacingthe phrase “à la question”. Y can actually replace most (this doesn’t really work with “avec”, for example)prepositional phrases other than thosethat begin with de.

  • Example:

    • Il y est.

      He is there. 

  • y here could be replacing  a place. i.e: dans la maison, en France, sur la table etc.