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Psychology of Criminal Behavior. Dr. Lainey Richardson Licensed Psychologist Clinical Director Metro RYDC/ Gwinnett RYDC. Introduction to Criminal Behavior. The Conformity Perspective The Strain Theory The Nonconformist Perspective Social Control Theory The Learning Perspective

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psychology of criminal behavior

Psychology of Criminal Behavior

Dr. Lainey Richardson

Licensed Psychologist

Clinical Director

Metro RYDC/ Gwinnett RYDC

introduction to criminal behavior
Introduction to Criminal Behavior
  • The Conformity Perspective
    • The Strain Theory
  • The Nonconformist Perspective
    • Social Control Theory
  • The Learning Perspective
    • Social Learning Theory
    • Differential Association Theory
perspectives in criminology
Perspectives in Criminology
  • Sociology Criminology
    • Situational/environmental factors
    • Unequal power balance
  • Psychological Criminology
    • Forensic psychology
    • Developmental approach
      • Cognitions; dispositions; traits
perspectives in criminology1
Perspectives in Criminology
  • Psychiatric Criminology
    • Biochemical & Neurological Approach
  • Psychoanalytic Tradition
    • Explains behavior in terms of motives and drives
developmental risk factors
Developmental Risk Factors
  • Social Risk Factors
    • Poverty
    • Peer rejection and Antisocial peers
    • How early does it start?
  • Parental & Family Risk Factors
    • Single-Parent Households
    • Parental styles and practices
developmental risk factors1
Developmental Risk Factors
  • Psychological Risk Factors
    • Cognitive and language deficiencies
    • IQ and ethnicity
    • ADHD
    • Conduct Disorder
  • Gender Differences
developmental risk factors2
Developmental Risk Factors
  • Developmental Theories of Delinquency
  • Moffitt’s Developmental Theory
    • Life-course-persistent (LCP) offenders
    • Adolescent-limited (AL) offenders
  • Coercion Developmental Theory
origins of criminal behavior biological factors
Origins of Criminal Behavior: Biological Factors
  • Genetics and Antisocial Behavior
    • Twin Studies
    • Twin Studies and criminal behavior: recent research
    • Adoption Studies
biological factors
Biological Factors
  • Environmental Risk Factors
    • Birth complications
    • Nicotine, alcohol & drug exposure
    • Brain development
    • Neuropsychological factors
biological factors1
Biological Factors
  • Eysenck’s Theory of Personality & Crime
    • Extraversion
      • Reticular Activating System
    • Neuroticism
      • Limbic System
biological factors2
Biological Factors
  • Crime & Conditionability
    • Classical Conditioning
    • Operant Conditioning
    • Social learning
learning situational factors
Learning & Situational Factors
  • Behaviorism
    • John B. Watson
      • Based on Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning
    • B.F. Skinner
      • Operant Conditioning
      • Reinforcement
        • Positive
        • Negative
        • Positive Punishment
        • Negative Punishment
learning situational factors1
Learning & Situational Factors
  • Operant Learning and Crime
  • Social Learning Theory
    • Expectancy Theory: Julian Rotter
    • Imitation: Albert Bandura
learning situational factors2
Learning & Situational Factors
  • Frustration-Induced Criminality
    • Socialized & Individual Offender: Berkowitz
  • Situational Instigators and Regulators of Criminal Behavior
    • In the wrong place at the wrong time?
    • Fundamental Attribution error
      • Them vs. us?
learning situational factors3
Learning & Situational Factors
  • Authority as an Instigator to Criminal Behavior
    • Crimes of Obedience
      • Stanley Milgram’s “shock” research
    • Deindividuation
      • Philip Zimbardo: Car/Prison experiments
    • Moral Disengagement
      • Albert Bandura
human aggression and violence
Human Aggression and Violence
  • Definition:
    • Hostile and Instrumental Aggression
    • Interpretation by the victim
  • Theoretical Perspectives on Aggression:
    • Psychodynamic/Psychoanalytic View
human aggression and violence1
Human Aggression and Violence
  • Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis
    • John Dollard
    • Leonard Berkowitz
      • Weapons effect
  • Displaced Aggression theory
    • The “trickle down” theory
human aggression and violence2
Human Aggression and Violence
  • Social Learning Factors in Aggression & Violence
    • Bandura: Modeling or observational learning
      • Reinforcement of aggressive behavior?
      • Types of models?
  • Cognitive Models of Aggression
    • Cognitive Scripts Model
    • Hostile Attribution Bias
    • Aggressive Behavior: simple & easy to use!
      • Do you want a hug or a fight?
human aggression and violence3
Human Aggression and Violence
  • Zillman: Fight or flight = arousal
    • Moderate arousal + social skills = verbal
    • Moderate arousal + poor social skills= aggression
    • High arousal, even + social skills can still = aggression.
    • Perceptions/cognitions determine fight or flight
  • Gender differences in Aggression:
    • Physical versus verbal aggression
human aggression and violence4
Human Aggression and Violence
    • Covert vs. Overt aggression
    • Big boys don’t cry
    • Mean girls
  • Effects of Media Violence:
    • Television
    • Video Games
  • Contagion Effect