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National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of UKRAINE Educational and Research Institute of Plant, ecology and biotechnology Department of ecology and sustainable development. MASTERS WORK on the topic “ Analysis of ecological safety of the aquatic ecosystem of the Trubizh river ".

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Presentation Transcript
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National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of UKRAINEEducational and Research Institute of Plant, ecology and biotechnology

Department of ecology and sustainable development

MASTERS WORKon the topic“Analysis of ecological safety of the aquatic ecosystem of the Trubizhriver "

Prepared by master of 2 year education

Inna G. Kutova

Scientific headmaster: Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate professor Marina M. Ladyka

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The object of our research is the current state of aquatic ecosystem of the Trubizh river.

Subject - indicators of water quality, higher aquatic plants, river runoff.

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The aim of this work was to assess the environmental safety of aquatic ecosystems of the Trubizh river.

To achieve this aim were putted next tasks:

- Make a literary search about the current state of Trubizh river;

- Make an expeditionary research on the ecological state of watercourse complex of Trubizh river;

- To analyze the change in Trubizhriver flow;

- To assess water quality and its suitability being used for fish farming, drinking purposes, cultural and domestic purposes;

- To analyze the dynamics of overgrowth of Trubizhwatercourse by higher aquatic plants.

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Methods

  • Analyze the information about flow of the Trubizh river;
  • Identify indicators of water quality;
  • To analyze the dynamics of overgrowing by aquatic plants.
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Environmental assessment of water quality in the Trubizhriver by indicators of water pollution index (WPI).

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State of watercourseof Trubizhriver/Google Earth (2002 )

State of watercourseof Trubizhriver (2010)

State of watercourseof Trubizh river (2011)

State of watercourseof Trubizh river (2013)

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CONCLUSIONS

1. During the observation period from 1946 to 1962 economic activity does not signally affected on the river flow. But It is noted that there is a drastic change after 1962, it was year than fully became functional Trubizh drainage-maliorative system. It gives us opportunity to assert that intense human pressure on the basin significant effects on the river runoff.

2. AssessmentofsurfacewaterqualityoftheTrubizhriverby indicatorsofhydrochemicalwaterpollutionindexshowsthatingeneralthewatersoftheriverwas assignedthethirdclassof quality, whichincludeswatersthatareunderconsiderableanthropogenicinfluence,levelof which isclosetothelimitofstabilityofecosystems.

3. Over the 10-year study (2002-2013 years) on an experimental plot with total area of 1435 m2 (square km) (station Zavorichi village MokretsBrovarskyi district. Kiev region). Overgrown of watercourse of Trubizh river by higher aquatic plants occurred on 43.7%, indicating an intensification of the processes of eutrophication.

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PRESENCE OF PUBLICATIONS

  • Ладика М.М., Корх О.В., Кутова І.Г., Сучасний стан та екологічне управління меліорованими землями сільськогосподарського призначення ВП НУБіП України «Агрономічна дослідна станція» // Охорона довкілля та проблеми збалансованого природокористування: матеріали міжнародної конференції, 10-11 травня 2011 р. – Кам’янець Подільський: Мошинський, 2011. - С. 315-317.
  • Кутова І. Г., Оцінка еколого-меліоративного стану р. Остер / Кутова І. Г., Максін В.І., Ладика М.М. // Матеріали І Всеукраїнської науково-практичної конференції молодих вчених “Екологія – філософія існування людства”, 11 квітня 2012 р., Київ. – К.: Видавничий центр НУБіП України. – С.43
  • Кутова І. Г., Оцінка якості поверхневих вод басейну р. Трубіж / Максін В. І., Ладика М.М., Кутова І. Г. //Державна студентська наукова конференція «Екологічні проблеми України та шляхи їх вирішення: Тези доповіді – Біла Церква 2012. – с.41
  • Кутова І. Г., Особливості формування якості води в р. Трубіж / Кутова І. Г., Ладика М. М. //Збірник матеріалів XIV Всеукраїнської наукової конференції молодих вчених «Актуальні проблеми природничих та гуманітарних наук у дослідженнях молодих вчених», 19-20 квітня 2012 р., Черкаси. – Черкаси: Брама-Україна, 2012 – с. 283-284.
  • Ладика М.М., Максін В.І., Кутова І.Г., Бордусь А.О. Екологічний стан середніх річок Лісостепу України (на прикладі річок Трубіж і Остер) // CборникнаучныхтрудовSWorld (наукометрична база РИНЦ) (у друці).