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FARM SAVED SEED IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC. Ing. Vojtech Duk át 2008. TOPICS. Legislation (Act. No. 408/2000 Coll., on the protection of plant variety rights System for collection of information and remunerations for use of Farm saved seed (F S S) Variety owner ’s cooperative (DVO)

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topics
TOPICS
  • Legislation (Act. No. 408/2000 Coll., on the protection of plant variety rights
  • System for collection of information and remunerations for use of Farm saved seed (FSS)
  • Variety owner’s cooperative (DVO)
  • Strenghts and weaknesses of the Czech FSS system
  • Statistics
legislation
LEGISLATION
  • Rights to the plant varieties in the Czech Republic were initially governed by Act No. 408/ 2000 Coll., on protection of plant variety rights.
  • The Act is based on the Council Directive No. 2100 / 94 On the variety rights in the EEC.
  • The Act is specified:
    • the conditions and requirements for conferring the rights to the varieties
    • proceedings concerning the protective rights, their scope
    • imposing the penalties for violation of or failure to obey the duties set out by the same Act.
  • The Act conferred an exclusive right on the holders of the breeders rights to the protected variety to exploit the propagating material of such variety in the following ways - production, propagation, processing, sale etc.
legislation4
LEGISLATION

Basic principles of use FSS from the legislation:

  • The farmer is authorised without the prior consent of the breeders right holder to utilize the legally protected variety of his own harvest
  • This reproductiv material may be used exclusively for his own need
  • Such propagating material should come from certified material
  • The farmer is not limited in quantity with the scope of utilization of FSS and the number of repeated reproduction with only exception potato, where is allowed only one generation from growing the certified propagating material
legislation5
LEGISLATION
  • Plant Species List, where FSS is allowed
  • Cereals: Oat, Barley, Rye, Triticale, Wheat (common, durum, spelt)
  • Fodder plants: Yellow lupine, Lucerne, Field pea, Alexandrian a Persian clover, Field bean,Common vetch
  • Potato
  • Oil and fibre plants: Swede rape, Turnip rape, Linseed ( except flax)
legislation6
LEGISLATION
  • Upon request of the breeder, the farmers are obliged to give the information:
  • scope of application od FSS (name of variety, ha)
  • scope of application certified seed for variety concerned
  • registration number, adress
  • by whom was FSS processed (registration number, adress)
  • The farmer is obliged to pay for the utilization of the protectedvariety at 50% of the usual price of the certified propagating material within 6 month of the effective date of such obligation
legislation7
LEGISLATION
  • The obligation to pay the remuneration does not apply to small farmers (farmer who grows plants on arable land with an area not exceeding 22 hectares
  • Upon the request the breeder is obliged to inform the farmer about the price of licence of certified seed
  • The breeders are entitled to require information from the state authoritiesconcerning the production, processing or utilization of FSS
  • The processor is obliged to inform the breeder, upon their request, about the quantities of FSS supplied to the processing (plant species, variety, quantity and for whom the procesing was carried out)
  • The processsor who is to process the seeds of protected varietes must inform the state authority – Central Institute for Supervising and Testing in Agriculture about such activity in advance. The List of Processors is published on an annual basis in the Journal
legislation8
LEGISLATION

Upon written request of the breeder, the farmers and the processors are obliged supply a document which confirms the information disclosed by the latter concerning FSS

The act governess the cases where the farmer and the processor commits an administrative tort. The administrative tort may be penalized by the administrative action up to an amount of CZK 500 000. The Act vest the power to the administrative action to the state authority Central Institute for Supervising and Testing in Agriculture

fss system in the czech republic
FSS system in the Czech Republic

Twice a year, all the farmers who grow plants on arable land with an area above 22 hectares are sent a questionnaire to indicate all the information concerning the utilization of Farm saved seed:

- as of 31. 12. in the year of winter crops

- as of 15. 07. in the year of spring crops

The questionnaire also includes:

- list of protected varietiesfor wich the cooperative is authorised to colect the remunerations

- price list

- copy of autorization granted by the breeders

fss system in the czech republic11
FSS system in the Czech Republic
  • The Cooperative draws up a list of varieties on the basis of the written authorisation granted yearly by the breeders.
  • The amount of remuneration is determined per one hectare of area under crops

The farmers may return the filled in questionnaire to the DVO by:

        • mail or
        • e – mail or
        • fax or
        • phone in the case of annouce the non – utilization of Farm saved seed in the report period

If FSS are used, the farmer should remit the calculated remuneration to the DVO bank account.

DVO database holds 5 915 farmers

fss system in the czech republic12
FSS system in the Czech Republic
  • The state authorities are not involved in the collection of information and remuneration for utilization of FSS
  • DVO has only taken legal actions again the farmers, who did not accept to or fail to pay remunerations
  • neither breeders right holders nor DVO have not any agreement regarding FSS with the farmers organizations
fss system in the czech republic13
FSS system in the Czech Republic

Twice a year DVO distributes among all the processors questionnaire for disclosure of necessary information regarding FSS processing

The information disclosed by the processors is needed for verification the truth of data provided by the farmers

DVO database holds 350 processors

fss system in the czech republic14
FSS system in the Czech Republic

DVO has a system for random inspections of the authenticity of data disclosed by the farmers:

  • verification by the mail -250 farmers mainly natural persons
  • verification directly in the farms – 300 farmer mainly legal persons – big farms
fss system in the czech republic15
FSS system in the Czech Republic

The Cooperative shall inform the breeder’s right holders at regular intervals stipulated in the contract about the amounts of remuneration collected in the relevant period

The Cooperative shall also transmit all remuneration collected to the relevant breeder’s right holder.

The Cooperative charges its members and contractors for such activity based on the amount of remuneration actually collected.

The entire system for collection and registration of information, statistic and invoices is processed electronically

variety owner s cooperative
Variety Owner’s Cooperative

The Variety Owners’ cooperative was established in December 2001 by the holders of the breeding rights - for the plant varietes developed by the Czech companies and by the authorised representatives – for the foreign varieties.

The reason for establishment of the Cooperative was to form a joint organisation which would have collected information and remunerations for the use of Farm saved seed.

The Cooperative is an association of legal and natural person representing the owners and representatives of the plant varieties

The Cooperative’s activity is managed by a five member board.

variety owner s cooperative17
Variety Owner’s Cooperative

According to the Cooperative’s memorandum, the board is elected to comprise at least 3 representatives of the breeding companies which are engaged in breeding new varieties.

At present, the Cooperative has four full – time employees, 31 members and four contractors. With certain exceptions, the Cooperative associates all holders of the breeder’s rights or their representatives in the Czech Republic covering the varieties of species where the utilization of Farm saved seed is permitted.

variety owner s cooperative18
Variety Owner’s Cooperative

Apart from the issues concerning Farm saved seed, the Variety Owners Cooperative is authorised and appointed to:

- represent and defend the interest of the breeders’ right holders based on the legal protection of plants

- the Cooperative offers its members a service of collecting the licence fees of certified seeds

Address: Družstvo vlastníků odrůd

Jihlavská 3202

664 41 Troubsko

Czech Republic

Phone: 00420547 227 003

E- mail dukat@druvod.cz

www.druvod.cz

strenghts and weaknesses of the czech fss system
Strenghts and weaknesses of the Czech FSS system
  • STRENGHTS
  • Almost all owners of plant breeders rights or their representatives are the members of DVO
  • Direct contact between the breeders and farmers
  • Mutual understanding in the role of breeding and necessity of remuneration
  • Good national legislation
  • Good cooperation with official authority Central Institute for Supervisiting and Testing in Agriculture
  • WEAKNESSES
  • Incomplete database of the farmers
  • Complet lack of understanding from Ministry of Agriculture in the case of database
  • Very high mail expenses
slide20

STATISTICS

General information about the Czech agriculture

From that amount:2 581 457 ha of arable land – 73.4 %

The number of the farmers in DVO database – 5 915 :

2 028 legal persons

3 887 natural persons