FARM SAVED SEED IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC. Ing. Vojtech Duk át 2008. TOPICS. Legislation (Act. No. 408/2000 Coll., on the protection of plant variety rights System for collection of information and remunerations for use of Farm saved seed (F S S) Variety owner ’s cooperative (DVO)
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Ing. Vojtech Dukát
Basic principles of use FSS from the legislation:
Upon written request of the breeder, the farmers and the processors are obliged supply a document which confirms the information disclosed by the latter concerning FSS
The act governess the cases where the farmer and the processor commits an administrative tort. The administrative tort may be penalized by the administrative action up to an amount of CZK 500 000. The Act vest the power to the administrative action to the state authority Central Institute for Supervising and Testing in Agriculture
Twice a year, all the farmers who grow plants on arable land with an area above 22 hectares are sent a questionnaire to indicate all the information concerning the utilization of Farm saved seed:
- as of 31. 12. in the year of winter crops
- as of 15. 07. in the year of spring crops
The questionnaire also includes:
- list of protected varietiesfor wich the cooperative is authorised to colect the remunerations
- price list
- copy of autorization granted by the breeders
The farmers may return the filled in questionnaire to the DVO by:
If FSS are used, the farmer should remit the calculated remuneration to the DVO bank account.
DVO database holds 5 915 farmers
Twice a year DVO distributes among all the processors questionnaire for disclosure of necessary information regarding FSS processing
The information disclosed by the processors is needed for verification the truth of data provided by the farmers
DVO database holds 350 processors
DVO has a system for random inspections of the authenticity of data disclosed by the farmers:
The Cooperative shall inform the breeder’s right holders at regular intervals stipulated in the contract about the amounts of remuneration collected in the relevant period
The Cooperative shall also transmit all remuneration collected to the relevant breeder’s right holder.
The Cooperative charges its members and contractors for such activity based on the amount of remuneration actually collected.
The entire system for collection and registration of information, statistic and invoices is processed electronically
The Variety Owners’ cooperative was established in December 2001 by the holders of the breeding rights - for the plant varietes developed by the Czech companies and by the authorised representatives – for the foreign varieties.
The reason for establishment of the Cooperative was to form a joint organisation which would have collected information and remunerations for the use of Farm saved seed.
The Cooperative is an association of legal and natural person representing the owners and representatives of the plant varieties
The Cooperative’s activity is managed by a five member board.
According to the Cooperative’s memorandum, the board is elected to comprise at least 3 representatives of the breeding companies which are engaged in breeding new varieties.
At present, the Cooperative has four full – time employees, 31 members and four contractors. With certain exceptions, the Cooperative associates all holders of the breeder’s rights or their representatives in the Czech Republic covering the varieties of species where the utilization of Farm saved seed is permitted.
Apart from the issues concerning Farm saved seed, the Variety Owners Cooperative is authorised and appointed to:
- represent and defend the interest of the breeders’ right holders based on the legal protection of plants
- the Cooperative offers its members a service of collecting the licence fees of certified seeds
Address: Družstvo vlastníků odrůd
664 41 Troubsko
Phone: 00420547 227 003
E- mail firstname.lastname@example.org
General information about the Czech agriculture
From that amount:2 581 457 ha of arable land – 73.4 %
The number of the farmers in DVO database – 5 915 :
2 028 legal persons
3 887 natural persons