chronic diseases program of medical relief society n.
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Chronic Diseases Program of Medical Relief Society. PMRS (UPMRC). Heritage A grassroots, community- based, non-profit Palestinian health organization Founded in 1979 Our health programs emphasize prevention, education, community participation, and the empowerment of people. PMRS (UPMRC).

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pmrs upmrc


  • A grassroots, community- based, non-profit Palestinian health organization
  • Founded in 1979
  • Our health programs emphasize prevention, education, community participation, and the empowerment of people
pmrs upmrc1


  • PMRS seeks to improve the overall physical, mental, and social wellbeing of all Palestinians
  • Focuses on the needs of the poor in villages, refugee camps, and in the urban areas.
  • Focuses on the needs of women, children, elderly, disabled, and others marginalized groups
  • Looks to provide the quality of care in 400 Palestinian communities
pmrs upmrc2


  • PMRS follows the principles and practice of Primary Health Care in the provision of preventive, curative, and promotive health services

Map of UPMRC activities in the

West Bank and Gaza Strip

the need for this program
The Need for this Program
  • Epidemiologic and demographic transition
    • Rapid aging
    • Progressive urbanization
    • Socioeconomic transformation
  • Changes in nutritional patterns:
    • Less proportion of complex carbohydrates
    • More sugar
    • More animal fat
  • Obesity becomes more prevalent
  • Less physical activity
  • Increased cigarette consumption
why chronic diseases
Why chronic diseases?
  • The disease burden has moved towards chronic diseases as a result of the epidemiological transition
  • The leading causes of mortality, the leading causes of morbidity (including disability), and impose an enormous financial and societal burden on the country
  • Chronic diseases account for one-third of the years of potential life lost before age 65.
  • They are preventable.
ncds of interest
NCDs of Interest..
  • Heart
  • HTN
  • Diabetes
  • CVD
  • Cancer (Breast)
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Obesity ?!
targeted diseases
Targeted Diseases
  • High prevalence
  • An increasing morbidity and mortality burden
  • An increasing economic, social, and psychological burden
  • Early detection improves prognosis
  • Public awareness is crucial for prevention
  • Comprehensive management is generally absent
how high is the risk
How High is the Risk ?
  • After the age of 35 years:
    • 1 out of six may develop diabetes
    • 1 out of 3 may develop hypertension
    • 1 out of 2 have dyslipidemia
    • 2 out of 3 are overweight
    • 2 out of 5 are obese
    • 1 male out of 3 is a smoker
  • Developing a model that focuses on prevention methodology
  • Alleviating some pressure on curative treatment
  • Early detection of diseases and proper management
  • Preventing disability and loss of labor power
  • Using of data collected to advocate reformation of health care policies
  • Reaching the marginaliyed people


Prevention, Early Detection


Health Promotion

Proper Management


Data Collection,




Mobile Clinic

  • More than 11,000 people screened fpr NCDs
  • 68% were women
  • 7800 women were screened for breast abnormalities
  • All of them know how to do self breast examination
diagnostic procedures
Diagnostic Procedures
  • Patient’s and family history
  • Blood pressure
  • Weight and height
  • Dr’s examination
  • Upon need:
    • ECG
    • Echocardiography
    • Treadmill
    • Holter
  • Counseling
integration with phc clinics
Integration with PHC clinics
  • An important goal for a successful program
  • Started with 6 villages in Ramallah area, and will continue to cover all clinics
  • The aim is to reach a common vision towards the management of NCD
preliminary results from different locations been screened by the mobile clinic 2003
Preliminary results (%) from different locations been screened by the mobile clinic (2003)
data collection research
Data Collection& Research
  • First national data base on chronic diseases and their risk factors
  • Data are used to evaluate the burden of diseases and the quality of medical care
  • Information gathered is used in lobbying and advocacy to raise the problem of NCD
  • Call for reformation of health policy
health promotion
Health Promotion
  • Different methods used:
    • Health education booklets (diabetes, HTN, Heart disease, smoking, breast cancer…)
    • Posters and flyers
    • TV and radio spots
    • Group and individual counseling
    • Radio and TV programs
comprehensive management
Comprehensive Management
  • Management of NCDs is of a holistic approach:
    • Assessment of risk factors
    • Early detection of the disease
    • Diagnostic procedures
    • Life style modification
    • Pharmaceutical intervention
    • Follow up of the patients
    • Referrals
  • A well trained team in NCDs
  • Team building of health professionals to deal with NCDs
  • Training of Teams including representatives of health providers: UPMRC, MOH, UNRWA, UHWC, and private doctors
  • The aim is to transfer the model to other sites.
lobbying and advocacy
Lobbying and Advocacy
  • Cooperation and consultations with other health providers
  • Using the media to raise the burden of NCDs
  • Using the media to call for national efforts to provide quality of care
  • Meetings with representatives of local communities, youth clubs, and people of different activities to alert the issue on NCDs.
building a model
Building a model
  • The comprehensive approach in management
  • Capacity building
  • Transfer of knowledge and experience
  • Connect the center with the periphery
  • Rational use of technology
  • Emphasizing the importance of prevention in combating NCDs
a different approach
A Different Approach
  • A comprehensive approach in the management of diseases:
      • Prevention
        • Life style modification
        • Health promotion
      • Early detection
      • Proper treatment
  • Train and support management at PHC level
  • Establish a good referral system