Indigenous Autonomy in Chiapas: The Women Are Missing. By Rosa Rojas Presented by Rebecca Hendrickson. Chiapas Central region : Nahuatl and Otomi . Northeast : Huastecos , Totonacas , & Mazatecos . Southeast : Mixtecos & Zapotecos . South :Mayan Southeast : Tlapanecas &
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Central region: Nahuatl
Totonacas, & Mazatecos.
Southeast: Mixtecos &
Southeast: Tlapanecas &
Mazahuas & Matlazincas.
The state has many
different ethnic groups &
The name Chiapas derived from the ancient city of Chiapan, which in Náhuatl means the place where the chia sage grows.
Now after the uprising of the Zapatista Army for National Liberation (EZLN) they publicly gave a name to their decision to govern themselves: autonomy.
On January 1st, 1994, when NAFTA went into effect, EZLN masked members stormed the Municipal Palace and towns of San Cristobal de lasCasas, Las Margaritas, Altamirano and Ocosingo. After destroying civil records and speaking from the balcony of the Town Hall, the EZLN took over a military base of Rancho Nuevo, taking weapons and releasing prisoners from the region’s jails.
military base occupation 2001 (chiapas mexico)
There is also the consciousness of the right to exist and the determination to be taken into account: “we are not equal, we are different; we are tired of the government treating us like garbage.”
In that way, some have asked who were the true authors of the demands (some of which were put forward in May, in a workshop about the regulation of Article 4 of the Constitution in which 50 indigenous women participated) for the right to decide how many children to have and when, “because one suffers a lot when one has a lot of children;” for respect as women; for pay equal to men’s pay for their work; or for punishment for those who mistreat them-including their fathers and husbands. Dona Vincenta also indicated that when the women asked for even a little bit of land to grow vegetables in a plantation which had been occupied, they answered that “there are lots of guys asking for land.”
The mills are being run by the men because the women have no rights: they have to do the cooking and make the food, because the men can’t or don’t want to.
There is a set of practices, behaviors, and attitudes which make autonomy possible and there is a general proposal, but not everyone has agreed to it yet. Within the forces which are making the declaration of autonomy there are lapse and doubts, but on the while people see themselves as part of a region with a prospect of common struggle where they can govern and promote regional development. You can no longer look upon the construction of a road or a coffee processing plant beneficio as a very localized service. You have to look at the whole region.
The indigenous people have rights over all the resources which exist in their territory: the soil, the subsoil, rivers and when he was asked about the fact that some resources belong constitutionally to the Nation, such as oil, Hernadez stated, “Yes, but who is the Nation now?”
Just before Jitotol, at the crossroad called Tijera de Cate’ a sign announces: “Autonomous region/ 120 thousand tzotzil-zoque-chol inhabitants/ officials of the PRI (Institutional Revolutionary Party) not allowed to enter. (One example of sign in article)
"You are in Zapatista rebel territory. Here the people give the orders and the government obeys." Bottom sign: "North Zone. Trafficking in weapons, planting of drugs, drug use, alcoholic beverages and illegal sale of wood are strictly prohibited. No to the destruction of nature”
END OF SHOW☺