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Why did European countries participate in imperialism and a race for colonies? PowerPoint Presentation
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Why did European countries participate in imperialism and a race for colonies?

Why did European countries participate in imperialism and a race for colonies?

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Why did European countries participate in imperialism and a race for colonies?

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  1. Why did European countries participate in imperialism and a race for colonies?

  2. Economic- Resources • Economic- Raw Materials • Social- Christianizing • Political- gain an advantage over rivals • Political- Benefit the country with markets to trade

  3. What were some responses of colonized peoples to European imperialism?

  4. Some Africans fought back against the Europeans: MajiMaji Rebellions, Ethiopians Some Africans worked slower and ran away. Some Africans tried diplomacy to no avail

  5. How did imperialist European powers claim control over most of Africa by the end of the 1800s?

  6. Technology!!! • Weapons- examples……. • Transportation…….. • Communication……

  7. How did European contact with Africa increase in the late 1800s

  8. Colonization • The Europeans began annexing areas of Africa to become their colonies and taking control of the resources.

  9. How did King Leopold II set off a scramble for colonies in Africa?

  10. Jealousy • Leopold claimed Congo for his own. Other European countries saw this and scrambled to grab colonies where they could.

  11. How did Ethiopians resist imperialism?

  12. Geography • The Europeans were able to resist the imperialism because they were surrounded by mountains, which enabled them to remain independent.

  13. How did the Qing respond to Britain’s diplomatic mission?

  14. Opium Wars and Rebellions • When the Chinese refused to let Britain sell opium in China the British went to war and made the Chinese sign the TREATY OF NANJING and other countries followed suit and made them sign UNEQUAL TREATIES. • The TAIPING REBELLION and the BOXER REBELLION were examples of uprisings against the Europeans • China was divided up into SPHERES OF INFLUENCES

  15. What are the reasons for the Open Door Policy in China?

  16. Greed!!! • The OPEN DOOR POLICY happened because the US wanted to trade with China and there were no available SPHERES OF INFLUENCES.

  17. How did nationalism and democracy influence national revolutions?

  18. Latin American countries were encouraged by the Enlightenment ideas of equality and democratic ideals. • They were spurred on by the French and American Revolutions.

  19. How did Germany and Japan become and industrial giant?

  20. Germany had been very industrialized, but fragmented. OTTO VON BISMARCK is the man who united Germany and created the modern German nation. • Japan changed out of fear when Commodore Matthew Perry showed up with gun ships. The Japanese wanted to avoid imperialism, so they studied European countries and selectively borrowed ideas and technology to become intensively industrialized.

  21. How and why did World War I begin?

  22. MANIA • MILITARISM • ALLIANCE SYSTEM • NATIONALISM • IMPERIALISTIC RIVALRIES • ASSASSINATION OF ARCHDUKE FRANZ FERDINAND

  23. What were the major events of the war?

  24. Technological advance • Trench warfare • Chemical weapons • America entry into the war • Social changes/role of women

  25. Identify and compare political boundaries before and after WW I.

  26. Describe the results from fighting on the western and eastern fronts.

  27. TRENCH WARFARE • Not mobile • Many people dying

  28. What impact did the Zimmerman note and unrestricted submarine warfare have on the United States entering the war?

  29. What were the outcomes and global effects of World War I?

  30. Fourteen Points • League of Nations • Retaliatory provisions

  31. What were the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?

  32. Germany lost- punished by treaty of Versailles- forced to accept blame for the war- Had to pay reparations!! • Austria-Hungary- divided • France- given back Alsace and Lorraine

  33. Russian Revolution!

  34. Why was Bloody Sunday a turning point for the Russians?

  35. Bloody Sunday was the day Russian troops fired on unarmed Russian protestors. • This showed the governments willingness to stop rebellion at any cost.

  36. Why did Russia erupt in revolution while fighting in World War I?

  37. Average Russians had little invested in the war • Starvation • High Unemployment • No rights and freedoms

  38. How did communism rise in Russia • ?

  39. Petrograd Soviet • Unemployed starving, over crowded cities • V.I. Lenin

  40. How did Lenin’s policies change economic and social life in Russia?

  41. Totalitarians

  42. What were Stalin’s goals for the U.S.S.R., and how did he achieve them?

  43. Increase industrial output and modernize agriculture • 5 year plans • Forced collectivization

  44. How did these regimes affect the world after World War I?

  45. Spread of Fascism • Total control of their countries

  46. How did postwar disillusionment contribute to Mussolini’s rise?

  47. Italy was dissed at the Treaty of Versailles • High unemployment

  48. How did the Fascist party transform Italy’s government and economy?