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Municipal Planning & Regulatory Tools: examples from southern Finger Lakes counties. Proactive Approaches to Managing Impacts of Marcellus Shale Development Conference, 2011 Darby Kiley, Planner, Tompkins County | Meghan Thoreau, Planner, STC.

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municipal planning regulatory tools examples from southern finger lakes counties
Municipal Planning & Regulatory Tools: examples from southern Finger Lakes counties

Proactive Approaches to Managing Impacts of Marcellus Shale Development Conference,2011

Darby Kiley, Planner, Tompkins County | Meghan Thoreau, Planner, STC

Photo: http://www.carbontax.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/Marcellus.jpg

July 2011

our priorities
Ourpriorities
  • Assist municipalities as they prepare for the advancing natural gas industry
  • Coordinate projects & information concerning Marcellus Shale natural gas exploration
  • Provide ongoing support for the county task forces and municipalities

Photo: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_hT_nZl636QU/TTIMXWXX-zI/AAAAAAAAAQ4/FarW7mVU4kA/s1600/priorities-sign1.jpg

July 2011

natural gas task forces
Natural GasTask Forces
  • Community level
  • Many different organization styles
  • Help plan and prepare for gas development
  • Gather and share information
  • Work in different political climates
  • Regional task forces: http://cce.cornell.edu/EnergyClimateChange/NaturalGasDev/Pages/CommunityTaskForces.aspx

http://extension.psu.edu/naturalgas/service-directory/county-natural-gas-task-forces

  • In the news, What’s the ‘task’ of Marcellus Shale task force? (21 June 2011)

http://www.chronicle-express.com/news/x898078031/What-s-the-task-of-Marcellus-Shale-task-force

http://extension.psu.edu/naturalgas/news/2011/02/clinton-county-natural-gas-task-force-hosts-meet-and-greet

Photo: http://us.cdn4.123rf.com/168nwm/kentoh/kentoh0903/kentoh090300290/4558526-workers-human-resources-task-force-on-white.jpg

July 2011

planning tools for energy development

PlanningTOOLSfor Energy Development

Photo: http://www.weinsuremalpractice.com/images/Tools.jpg

July 2011

1 preparing your organization
1. Preparing your organization
  • Integrate NGTF with government
  • Assign municipal staff roles and consider new responsibilities

Photo:http://www.brighthub.com/office/project-management/articles/73916.aspx

July 2011

2 baseline profiles
2. Baseline profiles
  • Identify historical and current data
  • Track and project gas activity
  • Map, track, and project impacts
  • Resources:

http://gis.bakerhughesdirect.com/RigCounts/

http://www.dec.ny.gov/cfmx/extapps/GasOil/search/wells/index.cfm

http://www.fractracker.org

http://www.bradfordcountypa.org/Natural-Gas.asp?specifTab=2

http://www.otsego2000.org/documents/forwebsiteMiddlefieldLandUseAnalysis-Greenplan.pdf

Photo: http://shalescoop.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/permits-pa.png

July 2011

3 planning documents
3. Planning documents
  • Identify the: CEAs, future economic development areas, sensitive tourism destinations, underutilized commercial industrial properties, school districts/ bus routes
  • Adopt/ update comp plan
  • Identify vacant/ occupied housing stock
  • Identify major stakeholders (including gas industry reps.)
  • Identify local government costs & services

Photo: http://www.innovensys.com/files/innovensys/imagecache/half/Quality-Planning-Documents-B&W.jpg

July 2011

planning resources
Planning resources

New York State Energy Plan

http://www.nysenergyplan.com/stateenergyplan.html

Garfield County Comprehensive Plan 2030

www.garfieldcomprehensiveplan2030.com

Zoning & the Comprehensive Plan

www.dos.state.ny.us/lg/publications/Zoning_and_the_Comprehensive_Plan.pdf

Centre Township Comprehensive Plan 2010, Phase 2

http://www.co.centre.pa.us/planning/compplan/

Centre County Inventory of Underutilized Commercial/ Industrial Properties

http://www.co.centre.pa.us/planning/ccngtf/uss_2011-03.pdf

Photo: http://www.innovensys.com/files/innovensys/imagecache/half/Quality-Planning-Documents-B&W.jpg

July 2011

planning resources9
Planning resources

Site Development Plan Review Law

http://www.dos.state.ny.us/lg/publications/Site_Development_Plan_Review.pdf

Local Government Technical Series

http://www.dos.state.ny.us/lg/publications.html

Critical Environmental Areas (CEAs)

http://www.dec.ny.gov/permits/6184.html

Model Critical Environmental Overlay Zone

http://stcplanning.org/usr/Program_Areas/Energy/Naturalgas_Resources/model_CEA_Overlay_zoning.pdf

Zoning language to prohibit or allow gas extraction in specified districts

http://www.dec.ny.gov/permits/6184.html

http://www.cedclaw.org/?page_id=598

http://www.innovensys.com/files/innovensys/imagecache/half/Quality-Planning-Documents-B&W.jpg

July 2011

planning resources10
Planning resources

Educational Resources

Cornell Cooperative Extension: natural gas development

http://cce.cornell.edu/EnergyClimateChange/NaturalGasDev/Pages/default.aspx

Penn State University: natural gas

http://extension.psu.edu/naturalgas

Green Choices: how to benefit the climate and your community

http://www.greenchoices.cornell.edu/

Educational Webinars (related to natural gas development):

http://extension.psu.edu/naturalgas/webinars

http://cce.cornell.edu/EnergyClimateChange/NaturalGasDev/Pages/CornellSponsoredWebinars.aspx

http://www.innovensys.com/files/innovensys/imagecache/half/Quality-Planning-Documents-B&W.jpg

July 2011

planning resources11
Planning resources

Additional Educational Resources

State resources

http://www.dos.state.ny.us/lg/publications.html

http://www.nysenergyplan.com/stateenergyplan.html

New York State Legislative activity

http://www.chemungcounty.com/index.asp?pageId=482

Land of the Law blog

http://lawoftheland.wordpress.com/

http://www.innovensys.com/files/innovensys/imagecache/half/Quality-Planning-Documents-B&W.jpg

July 2011

4 municipal regulations
4. Municipal regulations
  • Update/ adopt:
    • Erosion, sedimentation, & stormwater regulations
    • Floodplain protection laws
    • Illicit discharge laws
    • Wellhead protection laws
    • Aquifer protection ordinance
    • Brine/ waste disposal regulations
    • Road use agreement (RUA)
    • Viewshed regulations
    • Site plan review law
    • LEED certification, green building designs, & renewable energy initiatives

Photo: http://www.calskatemilpitas.com/images/rules_graphic1.gif

July 2011

municipal regulations
Municipal regulations
  • Review commercial/ industrial water & sewer rates
  • Review room tax, local taxes, and definitions
  • Review/ adopt regulations on short-term temporary employee housing regulations
  • Review/ adopt camping regulations
  • Review mobile home court/ RV ordinance
  • Consider life cycle analysis for proposed subdivisions
  • Create/ partner with a housing trust for renter/ owner controls

Photo: http://www.calskatemilpitas.com/images/rules_graphic1.gif

July 2011

municipal resources
Municipal resources

Update/ adopt erosion, sedimentation, and stormwater regulations

http://www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/29072.html

Update/ adopt floodplain regulations

http://www.mass.gov/Cago/docs/Municipal/sb_floodplain.rtf (Word download)

http://www.townofotego.com/townpermits/laws/FloodDamage.pdf

Adopt aquifer protection regulations

http://catskillpost.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/townofvirgilaquiferprotectionlaw20100408.pdf

http://www.mass.gov/Cago/docs/Municipal/sb_aquifer.rtf (Word download)

http://town.danby.ny.us/

Adopt wellhead protection regulations

http://www.tiogacountyny.com/images/stories/PDFs/government/TING/TING_RevisedResourceBinder_5_2_11.pdf

http://www.mass.gov/Cago/docs/Municipal/sb_groundwater.rtf (Word download)

Management your private water supply

http://stcplanning.org/usr/Program_Areas/Energy/Naturalgas_Resources/Schuyler%20Final%20Water%20Testing%20Guidance.pdf

Adopt LEED certification and green building design regulations

http://www.greenupstateny.org/

Photo: http://www.calskatemilpitas.com/images/rules_graphic1.gif

July 2011

municipal resources15
Municipal resources

Adopt renewable energy initiatives

http://www.co.centre.pa.us/planning/compplan/energy%20conservation.pdf

Adopt/ update road use agreement (RUA) regulations

http://www.steubencony.org/naturalgastaskforce/SteubenCountyDPW_RUA.pdf

http://www.steubencony.org/naturalgastaskforce/PA-RUA-Laceyville%20Borough.pdf

http://www.steubencony.org/naturalgastaskforce/PA-Excess%20Maintenance%20Agreement.pdf

http://www.steubencony.org/naturalgastaskforce/PA-RUA-Lemon%20township.pdf

http://www.pressconnects.com/article/20110410/NEWS01/104100357/Hydrofracking-debate-Southern-Tier-officials-struggle-road-rules

http://www.co.centre.pa.us/planning/ccngtf/road_use_maintenance_agreement.pdf

Review room tax, taxes system, and definitions

(following three links will take a few moments to open)

http://www.co.centre.pa.us/planning/ccngtf/gas_task_forum.pdf

http://www.co.centre.pa.us/planning/ccngtf/natural_gas_escapes_taxation.pdf

http://www.co.centre.pa.us/planning/ccngtf/tax_policy_marcellus.pdf

Review/ adopt regulations on short-term temporary employee housing regulations(see Article 4-106, 4-108 & 4-109 or our land use code for more details)

http://www.garfield-county.com/building-planning/land-use-regulations.aspx

Photo: http://www.calskatemilpitas.com/images/rules_graphic1.gif

July 2011

municipal resources16
Municipal resources

Review/ adopt camping regulations(see §128-62 - temporary Shelter and associated definitions, search tip: Ctrl+f and search for camp/ camping related references for more information)

http://www.townofbethlehem.org/images/pageImages/EcoDevAndPlan/Zoning%20Law%20-%20Adopted%20082405%20Amended%20082306%20Effective%20090106.pdf#search='incentive'

Adopt viewshield regulations, inventory & map

http://www.in.gov/indot/div/projects/i69planningtoolbox/_pdf/Scenic%20Viewshed%20Protection.pdf

Create/ partner with a housing trust for rent/ owner controls

http://www.mhp.net/uploads/resources/municipal_affordable_housing_trust_guidebook.pdf

http://franklinma.virtualtownhall.net/Pages/FranklinMA_Admin/hoopinfo.pdf

Review/ adopt site plan review law

http://www.dos.state.ny.us/lg/publications/Site_Development_Plan_Review.pdf

http://www.townofbethlehem.org/images/pageImages/EcoDevAndPlan/Zoning%20Law%20-%20Adopted%20082405%20Amended%20082306%20Effective%20090106.pdf#search='incentive’

(search tip: Ctrl+f and search for site plan related references for more information)

http://www.townofotego.com/townpermits/laws/SitePlanReview.pdf

Photo: http://www.calskatemilpitas.com/images/rules_graphic1.gif

July 2011

5 zoning codes
5. Zoningcodes
  • Review/ adopt:
    • light ordinance & noise ordinance
    • Industry terminology/ zoning definitions & uses
    • incentive overlay zoning
    • agricultural zoning ordinance
    • plan unit development (PUD) zoning
    • zoning districts in urban/ business center to permit dense mixed-use
  • Consider amending zoning language to prohibit or allow gas extraction in specified districts

Photo: http://www.umass.edu/larp/images/logos/cutout%20tranparent%20leaf.png

July 2011

zoning resources
Zoningresources

Adopt light ordinance & noise ordinance

http://www.tiogacountyny.com/images/stories/PDFs/government/TING/TING_RevisedResourceBinder_5_2_11.pdf

http://www.mass.gov/Cago/docs/Municipal/sb_outdoorlights.rtf (Word download)

Industry terminology & municipal definitions

http://stcplanning.org/usr/Program_Areas/Energy/Naturalgas_Resources/DRAFT%20Garfield%20County%20Natural%20Gas%20Development%20Navigation%20Guide%20.pdf

Adopt incentive overlay zoning

http://www.dca.state.ga.us/intra_nonpub/Toolkit/guides/incntvZng.pdf

http://www.behanplanning.com/bpafiles/F_DRUM/Final/I%20-%20Incentive%20Zoning%20Ordinance.pdf

http://www.seattle.gov/planningcommission/docs/SPC_IncZon.pdf

Amend zoning district in urban business center to permit dense mixed-use

http://www.planning.org/research/smartgrowth/pdf/section41.pdf

Amend zoning language to prohibit or allow gas extraction in specified districts (see towns of Dryden, Ithaca, & Ulysses – regulations under development)

http://www.celdf.org/issues-gas-drilling-communities

http://www.cedclaw.org/?page_id=598

http://dryden.ny.us/information/gas-drilling-info

http://www.ulysses.ny.us/proposed-local-law-6-14-2011.pdf

Photo: http://www.umass.edu/larp/images/logos/cutout%20tranparent%20leaf.png

July 2011

different approaches
Different approaches
  • Tompkins County
    • prohibit or limit gas extraction to specified districts
  • Chemung, Schuyler, & Steuben Counties
    • regulate the secondary effects of energy development

Photo: http://www.sheirakahn.com/home/sheira/images/treatment_approches.gif

July 2011

leased land in tompkins county
Leased Land in Tompkins County

39% of the land in Tompkins County is leased,

by 6% of the adult, non-student residents of the County

Image: http://www.tcgasmap.org

July 2011

photo http www zombieplace com updating

What’s in the pipeline

Photo: http://www.zombieplace.com/updating
  • Finger Lakes Region: Tompkins County
    • Established website
    • Meet monthly with 4 active work groups – Report back to COG
    • Developed land use guides:
      • Air quality; Steps for CEAs; High Impact Industrial Use
    • Developing Road Protection Strategy (RUA and RUR)
    • Developed build-out maps & analysis; public presentations
    • Analyzing assessment & land values issues
    • Drafted zoning amendment in Danby – Aquifer Protection Overlay
    • Proposed zoning amendments in towns of Dryden, Ithaca, and Ulysses

July 2011

photo http www zombieplace com updating23

What’s in the pipeline

Photo: http://www.zombieplace.com/updating
  • Southern Tier Central Region: Steuben County
    • Established a website
    • Hold multiple monthly public meetings
    • Completed memorandum reviewing the Thirty Day Limit on Occupancy Tax or room tax
    • Completed road maintenance agreement (RUA)
    • Completed radioactive study, Marcellus Shale Evaluation, on drill cuttings risk to county landfill
    • Passed a housing resolution
    • Amended site plan review law
    • Held educational forums for town supervisors, public safety officers, & planning boards officials
    • Proposed meeting with owners of camping/ RV parks on possible impacts by natural gas workforce

July 2011

photo http www zombieplace com updating24

What’s in the pipeline

Photo: http://www.zombieplace.com/updating
  • Southern Tier Central Region: Schuyler County
    • Established a website
    • Released informational guidance sheet, Managing your Private Water Supply Related to Natural Gas Development in Schuyler County (July 2011)
    • Hosting a task force intern for the summer 2011
    • Surveying task force members & municipal officials to create a focused, concise resource binder/ resource suite
    • Proposed work with the Schuyler County EMC on providing comments on the revised Supplemental Generic Environmental Impact Statement (SGEIS) for high-volume hydraulic fracturing
    • Most towns have either signed on with Delta Engineers for assistance with road assessment and RUAs or are working with other engineering firms to accomplish similar services

July 2011

photo http www zombieplace com updating25

What’s in the pipeline

Photo: http://www.zombieplace.com/updating
  • Southern Tier Central Region: Chemung County
    • Established a website
    • Pass official recommendation advising towns to enter a road analysis study (w/ Delta Engineering)
    • Trained a deputy to enforce truck/ vehicle regulations
    • Firefighters have been receiving training specific to gas well emergencies
    • Task force members attended workshops, panel discussions, & information sessions for the past couple year
    • EMC in conjunction w/ Elmira College has conducted a water quality baseline study for methane & a few other related elements
    • Met with Casella for information on the safety of the drill cuttings & related topics

July 2011

photo http www zombieplace com updating26

What’s in the pipeline

Photo: http://www.zombieplace.com/updating
  • Regional efforts
    • Drafting Municipal Guide for Energy Development (contains resources for planning boards, comprehensive plans, site plan review, subdivision, and zoning regulations – joint effort between STC Planning and Chemung, Steuben, and Schuyler’s Planning Departments)
    • Completed a tourism study, Natural Gas Drilling in the Marcellus Shale: potential impacts on the tourism economy of the Southern Tier
    • Participated in a regional study, Economic Implications of Marcellus Shale Natural Gas Development – Understanding Potential Impacts on Tourism, Agriculture and Housing
    • Drafted Planning Tools for Energy Development checklist (joint efforts between Tompkins County Planning Department & STC Planning)

July 2011

thank you
Thankyou

Darby Kiley, Planner, Tompkins County Planning Dept.

607-274-5560 | dkiley@tompkins-co.org | tompkins-co.org/planning/

Meghan Thoreau, Planner, Southern Tier Central Planning

607-962-8092 | planner@stny.rr.com | stcplanning.org

Photo: http://lisamdrake.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/planning1.jpg

July 2011