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Major Gods PowerPoint Presentation

Major Gods

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Major Gods

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Major Gods Names, Roles, & Symbols

  2. Greek Mythology • Mythology/religion was born from unexplainable, natural events. • Not man-made; must be a god/goddess. • Greeks assigned human emotions and natural events throughout their mythology. • See family tree • The most famous of Greek mythology were the Olympian Gods/Goddesses. • 15 gods/goddesses total; each assigned a role/symbol of daily life. • According to myth, they lived atop Mt. Olympus.

  3. Greek Mythology • Cronus (son or Uranus & Gaia) marries his sister, Rhea. • Had 6 children: • Demeter • Hestia • Hera • Hades • Poseidon • Zeus • Cronus was fated that he would be overthrown by one of his own children. • Cronus prevents being overthrown by: • Swallowing 5 of his newborn children.

  4. Greek Mythology • Not wanting to lose all her children, Rhea swaddles Zeus with a rock before Cronus swallows him. • Cronus swallows Zeus, but regurgitates him because of the rock. • Zeus is hidden from Cronus until fully grown; returns to battle Cronus to free his siblings. • With use of a potion, Zeus gets Cronus to regurgitate his siblings; Zeus defeats Cronus and all Titans; banishes them all.

  5. Zeus • Roles: • WEATHER • GODS • MEN • Symbols: • LIGHTNING BOLT • OAK LEAF • OX • EAGLE

  6. Poseidon • Roles: • OCEANS • EARTHQUAKES • HORSES • Symbols: • TRIDENT • HORSE • DOLPHINS

  7. Hades • Roles: • UNDERWORLD • WEALTH • Symbols: • CERBERUS (3 headed dog) • JEWELS/METALS • BLACK • BIDENT • HELM OF DARKNESS • CYPRESS TREE

  8. Hera • Roles: • QUEEN OF THE GODS • MARRIAGE • CHILDBIRTH • Symbols: • PEACOCK • APPLES • GOLD • COW

  9. Hestia • Roles: • HEARTH & HOME • Symbols: • HEARTH (fireplace) • WOODEN THRONE • ETERNAL FLAME

  10. Demeter • Roles: • AGRICULTURE • GRAIN • NATURE • SEASONS • Symbols: • FLOWERS • SHEAVE OF WHEAT • SICKLE/SCYTHE • CORNUCOPIA

  11. Ares • Roles: • WAR • Symbols: • WEAPONS & ARMOR • DOGS • VULTURE • WILD BOAR SONS: Terror, Dread, Panic, & Fear

  12. Hephaestus • Roles: • FIRE • FORGE • BLACKSMITH • Symbols: • FIRE • ANVIL • HAMMER • QUAIL

  13. Aphrodite • Roles: • LOVE • BEAUTY • PEACE • Symbols: • RED ROSES • HEARTS • DOVE • MAGIC GIRDLE

  14. Apollo • Roles: • SUN • BEAUTY • FINE ARTS / MUSIC • HEALING / MEDICINE • Symbols: • SUN • LYRE • LAUREL LEAF • BOW & ARROW

  15. Artemis • Roles: • MOON • HUNTING • WOODLAND CREATURES • YOUNG WOMEN • Symbols: • STAG • CRESCENT MOON • BOW & ARROW

  16. Athena • Roles: • WISDOM • MATH • WAR STRATEGY • Patroness of Athens • Symbols: • DOVE • MAGIC SHIELD / AEGIS • OLIVE BRANCH • OWL

  17. Dionysus • Roles: • WINE • PARTIES / REVELRY • THEATER • WILD ANIMALS • Symbols: • LION / TIGER • GRAPES • THEATER MASKS • IVY • CHALICE

  18. EROS • Roles: • LOVE • Symbols: • BOW & ARROW • HEARTS • WINGS • SHOWN WITH EYES SHUT

  19. Hermes • Roles: • MESSENGER • TRAVELERS/TRADE • THIEVES • ESCORTS SOULS TO HADES • Symbols: • WINGED SANDALS / HELMET • BAG OF GOLD • CADUCEUS