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A presentation and evaluation of the procedure. French meteorological “vigilance” procedure. Vigilance procedure – december 2007. French meteorological “vigilance” procedure. Context Procedure’s routine working Users’ feedback Conclusion. Why?.

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French meteorological “vigilance” procedure


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french meteorological vigilance procedure
French meteorological “vigilance” procedure
  • Context
  • Procedure’s routine working
  • Users’ feedback
  • Conclusion

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

slide3
Why?
  • Effective since the 1st of October 2001, replaced older (BRAM and ALARM) procedures wich were in effect since 1993.
  • Goals:
    • to better inform, thanks to a simple and condensed message that focuses on dangerous weather phenomena,
    • to improve the early warning,
    • to broaden the dissemination of the information.

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

slide4
How?
  • Two parts:
    • The meteorological watch map
    • A follow-up report in case of a dangerous phenomenon

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

for whom
For whom?
  • Governmental Services
    • National;
    • Regional (administrative unit made of multiple “departments”);
    • Departmental (a department is a regional administrative unit).
  • Media
  • The public at large

The crisis room of the COGIC

(Operational Centre for Interministerial Crisis Management)

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

vigilance is not alarm
Vigilance is not alarm
  • The “vigilance” is a meteorological watch (Météo-France) and the alarm is decided by the Civil Defence Organization
    • watch => follow-up ;
    • No systematic watch –> alarm tipping ;
    • Both work to create a risk culture ;

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

french meteorological vigilance procedure1
French meteorological “vigilance” procedure
  • Context
  • Procedure’s routine working
  • Users’ feedback
  • Conclusion

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

the meteorological watch map 1 of 3
The meteorological watch map (1 of 3)
  • This map over continental France represents for the next 24 hours a definition of potential meteorological danger;
  • by department;
  • Four levels of risk, associated with 4 colours : green, yellow, orange and red.

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

the meteorological watch map 2 of 3
The meteorological watch map(2 of 3)

Which phenomena are indicated :

  • Violent winds;
  • Heavy precipitation -> rain - flooding;
  • Thunderstorms;
  • Snow/sleet;
  • Avalanches;
  • Coldwave;
  • Heatwave

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

the meteorological watch map 3 of 3
The meteorological watch map (3 of 3)

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

follow up reports
Follow-up reports
  • Produced in case of orange or red watch
  • Approximately every 3 hours

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

the 4 watch levels
The 4 watch levels

Green :

  • No particular vigilance is required.

Yellow :

  • Be attentive if practising activities exposed to meteorological risk, for some phenomena have been forecast, that are occasionally dangerous, although usual in the region (e.g. mistral wind, summer thunderstorms); keep informed about weather developments.

Orange :

  • Be very vigilant; dangerous meteorological phenomena have been forecasted; keep informed about weather developments and directives broadcasted by the authorities;

Red :

  • Absolute vigilance is required; dangerous and exceptionally intense meteorological phenomena have been forecasted ; keep regularly informed about weather development and conform to directives or orders broadcasted by the authorities

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

production
Production
  • Produced twice a day, broadcasted at 6 h and 16 h standard time.
  • Exceptional production may be initiated outside these hours (if the risk significantly increases or diminishes).
  • In case of an orange or red zone:
    • a clear, concise text about the phenomenon;
    • some directives on behaviour, drawn up by authorities.

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

dissemination
Dissemination
  • In projected (“input”) mode

National, regional and departemental services in charged of Civil Defence, Road, Health, Environment and Media;

  • In take-over (“pull out”) mode on www.meteo.fr web-site :
    • Media;
    • Mayors;
    • Corporate and private users;
  • Backup Internet site

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

follow up in case of orange or red zone s
Follow-up in case of orange or red zone(s)
  • At Météo-France national and regional forecasting level
    • Co-ordination of forecasting
    • A follow-up national level report
    • The regional Centres are responsible for regional reports
  • At Météo-France departemental level
    • The departmental centres play an essential role as interfacing with their local partners: prefects (head of departements), rescue services, customers, media.

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

follow up reports1
Follow-up reports
  • Produced in case of orange or red vigilance ;
    • approximately, every 3 hours
  • The content is:
    • Type of event
    • Location and duration (time of start and finish)
    • Present situation, development
    • Description of the event (comparisons, frequency)
    • Possible consequences
    • Recommandation on behaviour
    • Time of the next report

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

french meteorological vigilance procedure2
French meteorological “vigilance” procedure
  • Context
  • Procedure’s routine working
  • Users’ feedback
  • Conclusion

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

usefulness and common knowledge
Usefulness and common knowledge
  • The general public: a wide common knowledge
    • The map is very well known (80%);
    • one feels sufficiently informed (70%);
    • main access to information (96%): television.
  • Prefectures: a noticeable improvement
    • + early warning;
    • + a decreasing number of weather watches;
    • + local expertise;
    • – reports must be improved;
    • – improved communication to be performed towards mayors and the general public

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

knowledge of the chart by the general public
Knowledge of the chart by the general public (%)

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

influence on self behaviour
Influence on self behaviour
  • Do you follow the recommendation on behaviour (%) ?

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Vigilance : a concept which has been making rapid strides
    • European meteorological vigilance ;

www.meteoalarm.eu

    • Specific Flood vigilance

www.vigicrues.ecologie.gouv.fr

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

statistical data 2006
Statistical data 2006
  • 46 orange vigilance episodes
  • 96 separate days with orange vigilance.

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

a dynamic procedure
A dynamic procedure…
  • Evaluated and assessed by a follow group in which active partners meet 3 times a year;
  • An interministerial steering committee meets once a year to decide on procedural developments;
  • An annual evaluation is co-authored by all the active partners

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

the annual assessment document
The “annual assessment” document
  • An institutional communication tool on meteorological vigilance; feedback about procedure and presentation of statistical data;
  • A 20 page document, deliberately a digest;
  • Published and produced by Météo-France, with logos from the 4 Ministries: Interior, Ecology, Transportation and Health;
  • A foreword co-signed by Météo-France & Ministry of the Interior

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

continuous improvement
Continuous improvement
  • A partnership procedure providing real progress: focusing on the most dangerous events, conversion of meteorological thresholds into risks, massive and parallel distribution, mindful of staying close to end users.

Note: 2001 was a transition year between former procedure Bram-Alarme and new meteorological vigilance procedure, set up on the 1st of October.

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

performances in 2006
Performances in 2006

() departemental level

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007

statistical data 2005
Statistical data 2005

« vigilance » procedure –december 2007