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Ecuador - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ecuador. It’s in the middle. The Geography. Area: 276,840 sq. km, or about the size of the state of Colorado Made up four different geographical locations: The Andes Mountain The Coast The Amazon The Galapagos Island Large Cities Quito- Capital, located in the Andes mountains

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It’s in the middle.

the geography
The Geography
  • Area:
    • 276,840 sq. km, or about the size of the state of Colorado
  • Made up four different geographical locations:
    • The Andes Mountain
    • The Coast
    • The Amazon
    • The Galapagos Island
  • Large Cities
    • Quito- Capital, located in the Andes mountains
    • Guayaquil- largest city, located on the coast
the people
The people
  • Population-
    • almost 14 million
  • People Groups
    • Indigenous- 6.8%,
    • Mestizo -77.4%,
    • Caucasian & others- 10.8%,
    • African 4.9%.
  • Languages
    • Spanish
    • Quichua
    • Shuar
  • Religion
    • Roman Catholic- 95%

Traditional dress of a Quichua woman

the government
The government
  • Form of government
    • Republic
  • Voting
    • Obligatory for adults 18-65 years
  • President
    • Rafael Correa 2007- Present
  • Vice President
    • Lenin Moreno 2007- Present

1954 picture of the Plaza de Independencia in Quito where the government branches are housed

the economy
The economy
  • Per Capita GDP
    • $3,670- 2008
    • $3,366- 2007
    • $3,115- 2006
  • National Exports
    • Petroleum, Bananas, Shrimp, Flowers,
  • Natural Resources
    • Petroleum, Fish, Shrimp, Timber, Gold.
  • Currency
    • U.S. Dollar
the history
The history
  • Flourishing advanced indigenous cultures were conquered by the Inca Empire in the 15th century.
  • 1534- Arrival of Spanish and conquering of Incan Empire
  • 1563- Quito becomes seat of a royal "audiencia" (administrative district) of Spain.

Ancient ruins of Ingapirca, an indigenous civilization, taken over by the Incas and eventually the Spanish conquistadors.

the history continued
The history -continued
  • 1882- Ecuador wins independence from Spain
  • 1830- Ecuador becomes separate republic after 8 years in Simon Bolivar’s Republic of Gran Colombia
  • 19th century- marked by instability, with a rapid succession of rulers. The conservative Gabriel Garcia Moreno unified the country in the
  • 1860s- unification under Gabriel Garcia Moreno with the support of the Catholic Church.
  • Late 1800s- world demand for cocoa tied economy to commodity exports and led migrations from the highlands to the agricultural frontier on the coast.

Spanish Revolutionary SimónBolivar

galapagos islands
Galapagos Islands
  • A small island 1,000 km off the pacific coast of Ecuador
  • Convergence point of several ocean currents, creating a unique environment for animals, flora, and fauna
  • Made up of 13 large island, 6 smaller ones and over 40 inlets
  • Made famous by Charles Darwin and its role in his Origin of the Species
  • Declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO

While we see a giant turtle, to a local, this is a “galapagos.”

galapagos islands wildlife
Galapagos Islands- Wildlife
  • 50% of the birds, 32% of the plants 25% of the fish, as well as many of the invertebrates are unique only to the Galapagos
  • Animals found on the islands include:
    • marine and land iguanas
    • lava lizards
    • more than 13 species of varying finches and and flightless cormorants,
    • small penguins
    • flamingos
    • albatrosses
    • boobies- red footed, white footed and blue footed

World Famous Blue Footed Boobie

galapagos marine iguanas
Galapagos- Marine iguanas
  • The Galapagos are home to the world’s only sea faring iguana. Click on the play button to watch a short video on these extraordinary creatures!

Simply double click on the video to play!

question 1
Question #1

What is the currency of Ecuador?

A. The Peso

B. The Quetzal

C. The Euro

D. The Dollar

question 2
Question #2
  • What is the dominant religion in Ecuador?

A. Islam

B. Roman Catholicism

C. Christianity

D. None of the Above

question 3
Question #3
  • What is the name of the large “turtles” found on the Ecuadorian Islands?

A. Galapagos

B. Giant Turtles

C. Blue Footed Boobies

D. Albatrosses

question 4
Question #4
  • Which is the following is NOT a dominant language in Ecuador?

A. Quichua

B. Spanish

C. Shuar

D. Mayan

  • Below are some websites that offer additional information on Ecuador
      • Read one of Quito’s main newspapers to see the most current Ecuadorian news
      • Read one of the main papers of Guayaquil, the largest city in Ecuador, located on the coast
      • Want to plan a trip to see the Galapagos for yourself? Click here to learn more!
  • Information on the Galapagos Island, retrieved July 15, 2009, from
  • Information on mainland of Ecuador, retrieved July 15, 2009, from
  • Image of Quito from 1954, retrieved, July 15, 2009, from
  • Image of Simon Bolivar, retrieved July 15, 2009 from
  • Map of Ecuador Image, retrieved July 14, 2009
  • Image of Petroleum production, retrieved July 14, 2009 from
  • Image of Ingapirca ruins, retrieved July 14, 2009 from
  • Video from:
    • Marine Iguanas of the Galapagos Islands. Discovery Channel School.(2002). Retrieved July 17, 2009, fromDiscovery Education:
  • All other photos are from my personal photo gallery, taken during my year long stay in Ecuador