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E co-compensation in Tai Lake Watershed. Water and Ocean Law in Times of Climate Change 1 November 2013 Liping Dai Supervisor: Marleen van Rijswick & Andrea Keessen. Contents. 1. Eco-compensation 2. Water problems of Tai Lake watershed

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e co compensation in tai lake watershed

Eco-compensation in Tai Lake Watershed

Water and Ocean Law in Times of Climate Change

1 November 2013

Liping Dai

Supervisor: Marleen van Rijswick &

Andrea Keessen

contents
Contents

1. Eco-compensation

2. Water problems of Tai Lake watershed

3. Types of eco-compensation within Tai Lake watershed

4. Conclusion

slide3

Eco-compensation

Payments for ecosystem services (PES)

Eco-compensation

Narrow: PES-like(rewards)

Broad: rewards & others (i.e. pollution

charges)

slide4

2. Water problems in Tai Lake Watershed

  • Tai Lake
  • 36,500 square kilometers, the 3rd largest, 0.4% of total land, 4.4% of population, and 10.3% of GDP.
  • Transboundary pollution
  • Jiangsu Province (52.6%), Zhejiang Province(32.8%), Shanghai(14%) and Anhui Province (0.6%)
  • Agricultural pollution
  • Industrial pollution
  • 2.1 million in the Comprehensive Treatment Region (31,800 square kilometers)
slide5

3. Types of eco-compensation

  • Bidirectional eco-compensation between governments
  • Selecting cross-sectional areas
  • Designing Base-line
  • Monitoring the selected areas
  • Legal thinking?
slide6

2) Eco-compensation between governments and farmers

  • Example: enclosed fish farms in East Tai Lake
  • 90% in 2008 25% in 2013
  • Direct cash payment
  • Farm resettlement
  • Side effect: social problems
slide7

3. Eco-compensation between governments and industries

  • Discharge permits paid-use
  • Bubble policy (determining assimilative capacity- controlling pollutants loading cap-allocating discharge credits)
  • VS. pollution discharge fees
  • Different principles
  • Different outcomes
  • Deficiency:
  • Pollutants limited in COD
  • Repetitive collection
slide8

4. Eco-compensation among industries

  • Emission Trading
  • Deficiency
slide9

4. Conclusion

  • Main feature
  • Risk