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The Geographic Information Infrastructure of Spain (SDI of Spain). Organisational and legal aspects. Sebastián Mas Mayoral Director del Centro Nacional de Información Geográfica Instituto Geográfico Nacional.

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slide1

The Geographic Information Infrastructure of Spain (SDI of Spain).

Organisational and legal aspects

Sebastián Mas Mayoral

Director del Centro Nacional de Información Geográfica

Instituto Geográfico Nacional

slide2
How is managed the Spanish Geographic Information Infrastructure (SDI of Spain) in a coordinate and cooperative way among different levels of government, academia and stakeholders.
summary
Geographic Information data variety

The need for harmonisation

Shared production and harmonisation:

PNOA

SIOSE

CartoCiudad

IDEE Project (National Spanish Spatial Data Infrastructure). Organisational aspects

IDEE based on open standards

IDEE funding

IDEE Geoportal

IDEE Legal Framework

New data policy

Summary
slide4

Geographic Information data variety

Public Administration in Spain

  • 1) National Level
    • Government of Spain (14 Ministries managing GI)
  • 2) Regional Level
    • 17 Autonomous Regions
    • 2 Autonomous Cities
  • 3) Local Level
    • 8 111 Municipalities
    • 47 Provincial Gov.
    • Consells Insulars
    • Island Council
slide5

Processes to transform and load it into the user GIS system.

The need for harmonisation

  • Geographic Information from several data providers
  • A simpler and less expensive way is to use interoperable web services provided by other organisation: SDI

▪ Interoperability, based on standards and common specifications

▪ Harmonisation, to cooperate in order to harmonise geographic information produced by different authorities or to produce jointly a new one shared and co-owned by several authorities.

interoperability
How to get interoperability amongs GI services

Coordination

GI Standards (ISO 19100)

GI standard web services (OGC)

Interoperability
slide7

National Spanish Spatial Data Infrastructure. Organisational aspects

  • NSDI(IDEE): Collaborative project based on cooperation and agreement among different actors.
  • Involving every national stakeholder: national, regional and local governments, academia, companies.
  • According to the Spanish Administrative Organization:
    • Who can develop and coordinate an NSDI?
    • Who can act as the NSDI interface in front of European Union, United Nations, etc?

CONSEJO SUPERIOR GEOGRÁFICO

(National Geographic High Council)

slide8

National Geographic High Council

  • Ministry of Infrastructure & Transports
    • NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC HIGH COUNCIL
      • Advisory collegiated body
        • MISSION: Planification & Coordination of Cartography and GI
      • Royal Decree 1545/2007, Chapter VI reorganizes NGHC.
      • Representatives
        • 14 Ministries
        • 17 Regional Governments
        • 6 from Federation of Local Authorities
      • Technical Secretariat: IGN Spain
      • Commission on SDI
        • WG IDEE (NSDI): > 365 members from Goverments, Academia, Companies + Representatives from Portugal, Andorra, France
slide9

SDI geoportals and GI OGC web services in Spain

  • National: IDEE (Infraestructura de Datos Espaciales de España(NSDI)) e IDEAGE (SDI Geoportal of services from National Government Ministries)
  • Regional: Cataluña (IDEC), Navarra (IDENA), La Rioja (IDERIOJA), Galicia (IDEG), País Vasco (GEOEUSKADI), Andalucía (IDEAndalucia), C. Valenciana (Cart@), Castilla y León (IDECYL), Castilla-La Mancha (IDECLM), Principado de Asturias (SITPA-IDEAS), Cantabria (WMS-Cantabria), Aragón (SITAR), Región de Murcia (SITMURCIA), Illes Balears (IDEIB), Canarias (IDECAN), Extremadura (IDEExtremadura).
  • Local: Zaragoza, Pamplona, Madrid, Dip. Málaga, Cab. La Palma, Cab. Tenerife, Dip. Barcelona…
  • Other OGC web services: Cadastre, Industry (Hidrocarburos), Agricultura, Universities, Companies, …
slide10

IDEE Architecture

Agriculture

Cadastre

Cataluña

Navarra

Galicia

IGN

Web Services

Web Services

Cadastral GI

Andalucía

La Rioja

Castilla y León

…….

Ortophoto

Web Services

CartoCiudad

BCN

PNOA

Zaragoza

Pamplona

Getafe

…….

INTERNET

Services providers

Browser

PDA

Heavy clients

slide11

IDEE based on open standards

IDEE is Standards compliant

  • ISO (ISO/TC 211) (Normas 19100)
  • CEN (CEN/TC 287) (Normas ENV)
  • AENOR (AEN/CTN 148) (Normas UNE)
  • Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC)
  • Proposals from National Geographic High Council (C.S.G.) (NEM, MNE)
slide12

The IDEE funding

  • Transformation cost
    • Every agency assumes its data transformation cost
  • Harmonisation cost
    • Multilateral or bilateral projects: Cost shared by partner agencies.
  • SDI services implementation & maintenaince cost: Investment of service provider Agency.
  • SDI Geoportals implementation & maintenance cost: Investment from Government (National/ Regional/ Local) budget.
  • NSDI Geoportal (IDEE) implementation & maintenance cost: Investment from IGN-E budget as NGHC´s Technical Secretariat
    • Implementation & maintenence cost: 1.3 M€/year (2006-2009)
idee legal framework
From experience running in a collaborative way IDEE since 2003 first NSDI legal regulation was developed on 2006-2007

Royal Decree 1545/2007, Nov 23rd 2007, defining the National Cartographic System (SCN)

Proposed by National Geographic Institute (IGN) of Spain and agreed with every official Spanish GI producer (National, Regional, Local)

Royal Decree 1545/2007 defines:

The National Reference Geographic Equipment (NRGE)

Official Cartographic Production Planning

Central Cartographic Register

Geographic Information National Infrastructure NSDI according INSPIRE Directive

Some Autonomous Communities (Regions) has set up Regional Laws where Regional SDI is set up:

Catalonia

Andalusia

IDEE Legal Framework
idee legal framework1
After Directive 2007/2/CE approval (14th March 2007)

Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Co-operation set up a Committee for Directive transposition:

Ministry of Infrastructures and Transports (Chair)

Ministry Environment

Ministry Economy and Finances

MinistryAgriculture

Ministry Industry, Tourism and Commerce

Ministry Public Health

Committee for Transposition = New Law Drafting Team

End May 2008: First draft ready

July 2008 : Draft sent to the Regions representatives at NGHC in order to get their amendment proposals.

November 2008: Draft submitted to the IDEE WG in order to get their amendment .

March 12th 2009 final draft approved by NGHC.

March 18th 2009 final draft sent to the National Government

July 2009 after agreement from all Ministries the National Government approved the new Law process.

IDEE Legal Framework
idee legal framework2
In July 2009 the draft Law amended by Ministries was sent again to Regions in order to get their new analysis and approval or amendment.

November 2009 the final draft amended by Ministries and Regions was sent to the State Council.

The Ministers Council approved the final draft on December 30th 2009 and it sent the Law project to the Parliament (Cortes Generales).

After its analysis by the “Congreso de los Diputados”´s Commission fpr Infrastructures and Transports the Law was approved on April 28th 2010 with some amendments

The Law project amended by the “Congreso de los Diputados” was sent to the Senate for analysis and amendments.

On June 9th 2010 the Senate approved the Law project

On June 17th 2010 the “Congreso de los Diputados” approved the Law

On July 6th 2010 the Law 14/2010 on Geographic Information Infrastructures and Services in Spain was published and came into force.

IDEE Legal Framework
slide16

LISIGE = Agreed Law

      • FIRST DRAFT WRITTEN BY 5 MINISTRIES, under co-ordination of IGN.
      • LAW TEXT WRITTEN JOINTLY WITH REGIONS. After that agreed with Ministries and again with Regions.

1

  • LISIGE = Law currently applied
      • WHAT THE LAW IS SETTING IS UNDER APPLICATION SINCE 2004 (IDEE + SCN).
      • THE CURRENT SDI ACTIVITY IN SPAIN IS SETTING AS LAW.

2

  • LISIGE = Complementary regulation on the CARTOGRAPHY ORGANIZATION LAW (1986)
      • THE LAW FOR CARTOGRAPHY ORGANIZATION (1986) WAS NEEDING A CLEAR UPDATING.
      • THE SISTEMA CARTOGRÁFICO NACIONAL (NATIONAL CARTOGRAPHIC SYSTEM) LOOKS FOR EFFICIENCY AND QUALITY IN PUBLIC CARTOGRAPHY.

3

new data policy open data
Taken into account new aspects due to SDI and harmonisation on access and use of GI in Spain:

PSI Directive opening public sector data access.

INSPIRE Directive legally bounding to the Member States to set up geo-portals giving access to geographic data and services.

In Spain every day more GI is co-owned by several authorities, in many cases from different Governments = Need for harmonisation on data policy.

Regional Governments and Ministries at the National Government have set up data policy on the idea that opening the access to GI information, it helps to increase very significantly GI business and this is clearly good for the Governments incomes due to taxation on the companies.

New data policy: Open data
new data policy open data1
IGN Spain has changed its regulation for data policy. New data policy has been established as:

Open access to GI data and services

N.R.G.E. + Metadata = Public Sector Information = Free access, free use, free of charge

No licence for N.R.G.E. and Metadata download

Non commercial use = Free access, free of charge, but mention of origin and ownership.

Services for viewing, analysis and geoprocessing on line

Free of charge by Internet

Downloading

By Internet (IGN/CNIG+Cadastre+Regions+….)= Free of charge for non commercial uses

Click licence, creative commons or equivalent

Commercial use (CNIG/IGN)= Agreement/contract with CNIG

Direct internal use at companies

To be integrated in company Management systems = Non commercial use

Can be published on Internet giving added value to the original GI when the uses are not commercial.

New data policy: Open data
slide19

Thank you

Sebastián Mas Mayoral

Director of the National Centre for Geographic Information

National Geographic Institute

smas@fomento.es