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SUPERVISOR’S SAFETY TRAINING. PART 1: IIPP, Haz Com, and Emergency Plan compliance basics. On-the-job injury/illness statistics. Bureau of Labor & Statistics 2005: 5,702 workplace deaths in US 16 workers avg. fatally injured/day

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Supervisor s safety training



IIPP, Haz Com, and Emergency Plan compliance basics

On the job injury illness statistics
On-the-job injury/illness statistics

  • Bureau of Labor & Statistics 2005:

    • 5,702 workplace deaths in US

    • 16 workers avg. fatally injured/day

    • More than 4.2 million injuries & illnesses reported in private sector

    • 453 workers fatally injured in California


  • Employee:

    • Pain & Suffering

    • Loss of Wage

  • Company:

    • Medical/workers’ comp insurance rates

    • Loss of productivity

    • Product/equipment damage

    • National Safety Council: $27,000 per incident; work-related death $780,000

Osha general duty clause gives the agency wide powers in its enforcement activities
OSHA General Duty Clause:Gives the agency wide powers in its enforcement activities.

“Each employer:

  • shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees

  • shall comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under this act.

    (b) Each employee shall comply with occupational safety and health standards and all rules, regulations, and orders issued pursuant to this Act which are applicable to his own actions and conduct.”

Supervisor manager responsibilities
Supervisor/Manager Responsibilities

  • Identify, eliminate or minimize hazards.

  • Ensure employees obtain required training before beginning work.

  • Investigate accidents to determine causal factors, and implement corrective actions.

  • Provide supervision to ensure employee compliance with safety rules and procedures.

  • Implement disciplinary actions when necessary to correct unsafe work behaviors.

Corporate criminal liability act be a manager go to jail california penal code section 387
Corporate Criminal Liability Act“Be a Manager, Go to Jail”California Penal Code, Section 387

Enacted in 1990 by the California legislature. This law is designed to protect workers as well as the public.

Makes organizations and their managers criminally liable when they fail to warn their employees and report to Cal-OSHA the existence of “serious concealed dangers of which the corporation and its managers have actual knowledge…”

Investigations can be long and involved.

Convictions can involve fines and/or imprisonment.

Corporate criminal liability act cont definition of a manager
Corporate Criminal Liability Act cont.Definition of a manager…

A person having both:

  • Management authority and

  • Significant responsibility for any aspect of a business including safety of a product/business practice (Employers, directors, management officials, supervisory personnel)

    Note: you do not have to have the words “manager” or “supervisor” in your title for you to be considered as a manager.

Corporate criminal liability act cont definition of a serious concealed danger
Corporate Criminal Liability Act cont.Definition of a Serious Concealed Danger…

A danger related to a product or business practice, that creates a substantial probability of death, great bodily harm, or serious exposure to an individual.

Recent changes at cal osha
Recent Changes at Cal/OSHA:

  • State agencies, such as Universities and Colleges become subject to OSHA fines starting January 2000.

  • Proposed penalties increased from less than $1 million in 1999 to over $29 million in 2006.

  • Employers criminally prosecuted for workplace accidents (recent: 9-year prison term; probation + high six-figure penalty).

  • Calif. Supreme Court ruling:

    Cal/OSHA standards are admissible in any civil proceedings to define standard of care in negligence lawsuits.

What triggers an osha visit
What triggers an OSHA visit?

  • Death or serious injury

  • Employee complaint (can be anonymous)

  • Another agency referral

  • Recognized high hazard industry

  • Random inspection

    Important note: If you are visited by an OSHA enforcement officer, do not turn them away. Ask them to wait and contact EH&S immediately for assistance.

Injury and illness prevention plan iipp
Injury and Illness Prevention Plan (IIPP)

  • The IIPP is the “umbrella” safety program that details how the organization will protect employees from hazards in the workplace.

  • The University has a campus-wide IIPP, and most departments have their own departmental IIPP.

    • Check with your department safety coordinator to see if a departmental IIPP has already been established.

What are the eight components of a model iipp
What are the eight components of a model IIPP?

  • Responsibility

  • Compliance

  • Communication

  • Hazard Assessment

  • Accident/Exposure Investigation

  • Hazard Correction

  • Training and Instruction

  • Recordkeeping

    The next few slides will provide information regarding each component.

Responsibility compliance

Who is the Program Administrator?

Usually the individual at the highest level.

Who is charged with the responsibility for maintaining the IIPP?

How will compliance be assured?

Providing info and training to employees

Evaluating safety performance



  • How will your department handle communication with employees about safety?

    • Handouts

    • Posters

    • Emails

    • Face-to-face discussions/training

    • Meetings

    • On-line training

Hazard assessment methods for discovering and correcting hazards in the workplace
HAZARD ASSESSMENTMethods for discovering and correcting hazards in the workplace…

For task/job hazards:

Job Safety Analysis (JSA)

Usually completed by the Supervisor, unless assigned to subordinate.

For work environment hazards:

Job site inspections:

Find hazards and eliminate or minimize them before the job is performed!

Misc. hazards:

Accident Investigations

Employee reports:

Employees should be encouraged to report hazards to the supervisor or EH&S as soon as possible. Form is available for employees to do this anonymously.

Job safety analysis jsa
Job Safety Analysis (JSA)

Which jobs/tasks to pick first?

  • Set priorities based on:

    • Review job description/duties

    • Jobs or tasks that have caused accidents.

    • Jobs or tasks involving near-misses.

    • New jobs.

    • Jobs that have undergone changes in procedures, processes, or equipment.

Jsa cont
JSA cont.

Other considerations when prioritizing:

  • Industry information

  • OSHA High Hazard listing

  • OSHA regulations specific to the work

Jsa cont1
JSA cont.

How do you complete a JSA?

  • Involve the employees who complete the work and their supervisors

  • Break tasks into sequence of steps or movements

  • Identify the potential hazards associated

    with each step

  • Recommend Action or Procedure to

    eliminate or minimize each identified hazard

Jsa cont2
JSA cont.

What’s next?

  • Share completed JSAs w/ supervisor and employee

  • Implement recommendations to minimize/eliminate identified hazards

    • Engineering controls

    • Administrative controls

    • Personal protective equipment

  • Develop procedures and train employees

  • Keep a file of all JSAs

  • Periodically review for new tasks/hazards

Hierarchy of control keep this in mind when choosing control solutions for identified hazards
Hierarchy of ControlKeep this in mind when choosing control solutions for identified hazards.

Your ability to control hazards decreases as you go down the following list of solutions…

  • Substitution/Elimination

  • Engineering

  • Administration

  • Personal Protective Equipment

Hierarchy of control cont
Hierarchy of Control cont.

  • Substitution/Elimination

    • Can the work be completed in a way that the hazard can be completely eliminated?

    • Can you replace the hazard with something less hazardous, and still get the job done?

      • Example: replace a organic solvent cleaner with an non-toxic citrus-based cleaner.

Hierarchy of control cont1
Hierarchy of Control cont.

  • Administration

    • Can you limit employee exposure through scheduling of work?

      • Example: Can you limit the amount of time employee is exposed using the employee’s work schedule?

    • Watch out for the need for administration pitfalls!

      • Workload requiring extra work time

      • Peer absences

Hierarchy of control cont2
Hierarchy of Control cont.

  • Engineering

    • Can the hazard be eliminated or mitigated through remodeling/revamping equipment?

      • Example: Surround a process that creates loud noise with a sound-dampening enclosure.

Hierarchy of control cont3
Hierarchy of Control cont.

  • Personal Protective Equipment

    • Unpopular with employees, often uncomfortable.

    • Requires increased level of supervision to ensure proper use and maintenance.

Job site inspections
Job Site Inspections

  • Complete regular job site inspections.

  • Frequency will depend on level of safety hazards.

    • Most administrative office spaces need only an annual inspection.

    • Labs: monthly/quarterly

    • Construction/mfg: daily/weekly

Accident exposure investigations note eh s will be assisting with this process
ACCIDENT/EXPOSURE INVESTIGATIONS(Note: EH&S will be assisting with this process)

  • Procedures for investigating incidents include:

    • Interview injured employees and witnesses.

    • Examine the workplace for causal factors.

    • Take corrective action to prevent reoccurrance.

    • Record the findings and actions taken.

Hazard correction

Must be done in a timely manner…

  • When observed or discovered; and

  • If the hazard can’t be fixed in a timely manner, determine if:

    • the piece of equipment should be tagged out “unsafe – do not use”

    • employees need to be removed from the area until it is safe to return.


Common threads leading to injuries:

  • Lack of knowledge

  • Unfamiliarity with equipment

  • Incorrect performance of task

    Training and proper supervision to ensure tasks are completed properly can reduce the risk of injury.

Training cont

Step 1:Determine which training is necessary.

  • Complete a Job Safety Analysis.

    • Ask employees to describe job procedures.

    • Observe employees as they work. Ask questions.

  • Review accident reports/records

    • Consult with EH&S Workers’ Compensation Coordinator regarding previous injury statistics in your department

  • Review industry information

    • Are there practices or operations that have not led to accidents in your organization, but have led to accidents elsewhere (other departments, other Universities)?

Training cont1

Step 2:Determine scope of training.

  • All employees

  • Employees in a particular workspace

  • Employees who work with or near hazardous chemicals or substances

  • Employees who work with or near a hazardous piece of equipment

  • Supervisors

Training cont2

Step 3:Identify goals and objectives

Step 4: Conduct the training and collect/maintain documentation.

Step 5: Provide refreshers as needed

Training cont3

Every employee must receive training regarding:

  • The existence of the campus IIPP

  • The departmental IIPP

  • The department Emergency Plan and campus emergency and evacuation procedures.

  • Hazard Communication (Chemicals)

  • Job Specific hazard training

    This training should be completed before beginning work.

Training cont 1 existence of campus iipp
TRAININGcont.1.Existence of campus IIPP

  • Provide a link to the campus plan so that they may download it.

  • Questions about the campus plan should be directed to EH&S

Training cont 2 departmental iipp
TRAINING cont.2.Departmental IIPP

  • Review all components

    of the departmental IIPP

    with the employee.

  • Provide employee with a copy.

Training cont 3 department emergency plan
TRAINING cont.3.Department Emergency Plan

  • Review & provide a copy of your department emergency plan.

    • Emergency escape procedures/routes

    • Preferred means for reporting fires/other emergencies

    • Names/job titles of ees/departments to contact for further info

    • If applicable: procedures to be followed by ees remaining to operate critical operations before evacuating

    • If applicable: rescue/medical duties for key ees

Training cont 3 emergency and evacuation procedures
TRAINING cont.3.Emergency and Evacuation Procedures

  • Provide link to campus emergency procedures handbook.

  • Have the employee complete the

    Campus Emergency Evacuation

    PowerPoint training.

Training cont 4 hazard communication every employee has a right to know about chemicals
TRAINING cont.4.Hazard CommunicationEvery employee has a “Right to Know” about chemicals.

The Hazard Communication Standard (HazCom) was created by Cal-OSHA to provide individuals with information about the chemical hazards on the job, and how to protect themselves against those hazards.

Hazard communication cont

Chemicals are hazardous if they:

  • Cause acute health problems

    • (such as corrosives that can burn eyes or skin)

  • Cause chronic health problems

    • (such as toxic chemicals that can cause long-term illnesses, such as cancer)

  • Suddenly release pressure

    • (these explosive chemicals includes gases that could expand violently

  • Are flammable/combustible

    • (chemicals that catch fire easily)

  • Are reactive

    • (these chemicals are not stable, and thus can burn, explode, or release dangerous vapors if exposed to heat, air, water, or particular other chemicals.

Hazard communication cont1

The HazCom Standard details three-pronged compliance:

1) Chemical manufacturers are required to:

  • determine the physical and health hazards of each product they make.

  • provide detailed container labels and supply Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)

Hazard communication cont2

2) Employers are required to:

  • Make MSDS’s available to employees

  • Provide employees with training about the Hazard Communication Standard

  • Explain how it’s being put into effect in their workplace, including:

    • How to recognize, understand and use labels and MSDSs

    • Using safe procedures when working with hazardous substances

Hazard communication cont3

3) Employees are required to:

  • Read labels and MSDS’s

  • Follow label and MSDS instructions and warnings.

Hazard communication cont4

How do I find MSDS’s?

  • Look up your chemical at

    • Username: csuf

    • Password: bulldog

  • Call the chemical/product manufacturer or distributor.

  • “Google” your chemical/product or distributor

  • Call EH&S for assistance.

Hazard communication cont5

Next steps…

  • Complete a chemical inventory.

  • Obtain Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for each chemical used or stored in your department. MSDS’s must be available to the employee.

  • Ensure that employees receive appropriate training.

Hazard communication cont training
Hazard communication cont.Training…

Determine the level of training needed

Level 1: High chemical use/exposure potential

(Research/laboratory, Ag or Grounds Maintenance)

Consult with EH&S for training.

Level 2: Medium chemical use/exposure potential

(Plant Operations/Maintenance)

Consult with EH&S to training.

Level 3: Minimal chemical use/exposure potential

(Administrative/Office work/Non-lab teaching)

See outline of necessary training on next slide.

Hazard communication cont training1
Hazard communication cont.Training…

Level 3

Provide training on:

  • Location of your MSDS files (must be available to the employee at will)

  • Right to know law*

  • Precautions to follow*

  • How to read labels*

  • How to read MSDSs*

    * Training handouts available from EH&S


  • Document everything. If you don’t have a record of it – it didn’t happen.

  • “Training” can be as detailed as a 40-hour class or simply a 5-minute safety talk at the end of a department meeting

    • have everyone sign in for every meeting

    • If info is distributed via email – keep a copy w/the distribution list

    • Must attach an outline of the information covered and/or handouts

  • Utilize documentation forms already developed

Documentation cont

The following documentation forms have been developed for your use:

  • Employee safety/emergency procedures training record

    • For documenting initial training on IIPP, Emergency procedures, HazCom and Job-specific training

  • Safety Training Attendance Record

    • For documenting subsequent training

  • Safety Committee Meeting (if applicable)

  • Report of Unsafe Condition or Hazard

    • Provides employees with an anonymous method for reporting hazards.

  • Hazard Correction Report

    • For documenting corrections to identified/reported hazards.

Next steps
Next steps…

  • Keep up to date with training new employees.

  • Provide trained employees with refreshers regarding IIPP; Emergency Plan; Hazard Communication; job-specific hazards

  • Review job tasks to determine the need for JSA’s